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Laura Montesi

. (1976) Limits to Medicine. Medical Nemesis: The Expropriation of Health. London: Marion Boyars. International Diabetes Federation (IDF) (2014) ‘IDF Diabetes Atlas Sixth Edition Poster Update 2014’, (Consulted 08 February 2016) James, D. (2004) ‘Factors Influencing Food Choices, Dietary Intake, and Nutrition-Related Attitudes Among African Americans: Application of A Culturally Sensitive Model’. Ethnicity & Health, 9(4):349-367. Lang, G.C. (2006) ‘Talking About a New Illness

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Jacqueline Botterill

: Examining Its Extent and Assessing Its Potential Importance’. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41(2):161-175. Kline, Stephen (2011) Globesity, Food Marketing and Family Lifestyles. London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. Larson, N., M. Nelson, D. Neumark-Sztainer, M. Story, and P. Hannan (2009) ‘Making Time for Meals: Meal Structure and Associations with Dietary Intake in Young Adults’. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(1):72-79. Marchand, R. (1986) Advertising and the American Dream. Oakland, CA

Open access

Godwin Awabil and Eric Anane


This study explored the factor structure and reliability of a new Health Behaviour Inventory (HBI) to assess the health behaviour of adults. Data in this study were collected from a total of 581 postgraduate students of the University of Cape Coast. The HBI was subjected to principal component factor analysis with Varimax (Kaiser Normalization). The Kaiser Meyer–Olkin measure was used to verify the sampling adequacy for the factor analysis, which yielded KMO of .808. This indicated that the sample size was adequate and factor analysis could be performed on the data set. Bartlett’s test of Sphericity (χ2 = 8133.626, p = 0.000) was significant for the sample. The analysis yielded six factors with robust reliabilities. The six factors were: alcohol intake, smoking, dietary behaviour, physical exercise, salt intake and weight management. With respect to the reliability of the instrument, the HBI items yielded a Cronbach’s alpha of .792 for the total scale. The exploratory factor analyses demonstrated good factor structure and internal consistency. However, since this is the first study to explore the HBI structure, the researchers recommended that further investigations into the psychometric properties (such as the predictive validity) of the instrument be carried out.