, Broom JI, Speakman JR, Johnstone AM. Dietary intake and self-reporting relation to eating behaviour in obese and type 2 diabetes patients. Baltic Endocrinology 2: 24-30, 2006. Accessed at : http://www.abdn.ac.uk/energeticsresearch/publications/pdf_docs/247.pdf, 2015. 33. Tounian P. L’obésité de l’enfant, John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 196, 2006. 34. García-Meseguer MJ, Burriel FC, García CV, Serrano-Urrea R. Adherence to Mediterranean diet in a Spanish university population. Appetite 78: 156-64, 2014. 35. Ruhee D
Mustapha Diaf, Méghit Boumediene Khaled and Feriel Sellam
Meriem Bencharif, Chaima Boudaoud, Amal Fenaghra and Youcef Benabbas
nutritional habits and energy expenditure in Ramadan. Intl J Food Sci Nutri 51: 125-34, 2000. 5. Waterhouse J, Alkib L, Edwards B, Reilly T . Diurnal changes in sleep, food and fluid intakes, and activity during Ramadan, 2006, in the UK: some preliminary observations. Biol Rhythm Res 39: 449-467, 2008. 6. Hajek P, Myers K, Dhanji AR, West O, McRobbie H . Weight change during and after Ramadan fasting. J Public Health (Oxf) 34: 377-381, 2011. 7. Bencharif M, Dahili K, Benseghir L, Benabbas Y . Effect of Ramadan fasting on dietary intake and physical
Mihaela Posea, Andreea Dragomir, Emilia Rusu, Raluca Nan, Ramona Draguţ, Horaţiu Popescu, Florentina Stoicescu, Ileana Teodoru, Anca Hâncu, Marilena Stoian and Gabriela Radulian
Background and Aims To document the nutritional content of food intake in overweight and obese people, in order to change dietary habits for acquiring the normal weight. Material and methods We assessed the nutritional content of food intake (kilocalories, vitamins and minerals) in a sample of 124 overweight and obese people and 33 subjects with normal weight. We also measured abdominal circumference, percent of body fat and resting metabolic rate. Results Overweight and obese patients, compared to normal weight, have a significant increased intake of vitamin A (p=0.002), vitamin B1 (p=0.037), vitamin B5 (p=0.047), vitamin C (p=0.029) and vitamin D (p=0.015), sodium (p=0.036), iron (p=0.032) and selenium (p=0.007). The percent of body fat in obese persons is increased (p=0.00001) and very close to abnormal in patients with no weight problems. An increased food intake, above the calculated resting metabolic rate, is associated with a slower metabolism and a rapid resting metabolic rate is often associated with food intake below resting metabolic rate (p=0.002). Conclusions All subjects had imbalanced intake of vitamins and minerals. The normal weight group didn’t achieve the dietary recommendations for vitamins and minerals and we found that these subjects had risk factors for cardiac diseases like increased abdominal circumference, body fat and sodium intake.
Holenarasipur Nagesh Santosh and Chaya David
vitamin C on glycemic control and lipid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 4: 524-527, 2012. 6. Cade J, Thompson R, Burley V, Warm D. Development, validation and utilisation of food frequency questionnaires - a review. Public Health Nutr 5:567-587, 2002. 7. Weiler HA, Leslie WD, Krahn J, Steiman PW, Metge CJ. Canadian Aboriginal women have a higher prevalence of vitamin D deficiency than non-Aboriginal women despite similar dietary vitamin D intakes. J. Nutr 137: 461-465, 2007. 8
Costela Lăcrimioara Șerban, Denis Mihai Șerban, Ștefania Ioana Butica and Diana Lungeanu
age 5 and 7 years and fatness at 9 years among UK children. Int J Obes 32(4): 586-593, 2008. 17. Malik VS, Willett WC, Hu FB. Sugar-sweetened beverages and BMI in children and adolescents: reanalyzes of a meta-analysis Am J Clin Nutr 7: 438-439, 2008. 18. Astrup A, Christensen B, Buemann P, Western S, Toubro A, Raben N. Obesity as an adaptation to a high-fat diet: evidence from a cross-sectional study. Am J Clin Nutr 59(2): 350-355, 1994. 19. Crume TL, Brinton JT, Shapiro A et al. Maternal dietary intake during
Moushira Erfan Zaki, Mona Mamdouh Hassan, Hafez Mahmoud Bazaraa, Hany Fathy Ahmed and Badr
Background and Aim: Growth retardation is still an important manifestation of children with chronic renal failure (CRF). The aim of this study is to evaluate the growth in relation to nutritional status in Egyptian children with CRF on hemodialysis.
Subjects and Methods: The study included 30 Egyptian children above the age of six years on regular haemodialysis at the Haemodialysis Unit of the Centre of Pediatric Nephrology and Transplantation of Cairo University. Anthropometry, biochemical parameters and dietary intake were measured. Anthropometric measurements were expressed as z - scores.
Results: Data shows that height was the most affected anthropometric parameter. Short stature in CRF is proportionate and body weight is less affected than height. Dietary analysis showed that 76.7 % of patients had recommended dietary allowance of calories. Height z-score showed a significant positive correlation with caloric intake. On the other hand, the protein intake showed a significant positive correlation with blood urea nitrogen and a significant negative correlation with serum bicarbonate.
Conclusions: Nutritional assessment is essential to the management of children with CRF. Anthropometry is a sensitive indicator of the nutritional status. The study recommends avoiding excessive protein intake to prevent metabolic acidosis and accumulation of toxic nitrogen waste products.
Gautam Rawal and Sankalp Yadav
Nutr 2012; 95: 1385–95. 11. Hallin R, Koivisto-Hursti UK, Lindberg E, Janson C. Nutritional status, dietary energy intake and the risk of exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Respir Med 2006; 100: 561–7. 12. Langen RC, Gosker HR, Remels AH, Schols AM. Triggers and mechanisms of skeletal muscle wasting in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Int J Biochem Cell Biol 2013; 45: 2245–56. 13. Remels AH, Gosker HR, Langen RC, Schols AM. The mechanisms of cachexia underlying muscle dysfunction in COPD. J Appl
J. David Spence
-conscious individuals [ 6 ] , both dietary cholesterol and egg consumption significantly increased coronary risk. In animal models, dietary cholesterol causes atherosclerosis [ 7 – 9 ] . A single jumbo (65 g) egg yolk contains 237 mg of cholesterol. This is more than the recommended daily intake of cholesterol, and nearly as much as the 275 mg of cholesterol in the dietary monstrosity, the Hardee’s Monster Thickburger, which contains 12 ounces of beef, three slices of cheese, and four slices of bacon. Obviously the burger, which also contains saturated fat, is more harmful than the
Rada Miskovic, Aleksandra Plavsic, Jasna Bolpacic, Sanvila Raskovic and Mirjana Bogic
/MCT00710021?term=%22vita min+D%22+AND+%22rank=2. Accessed June 2014. 52. Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. 2010. 53. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Vitamin D. Fact sheet for health professionals. Available from: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminDHealthProfessional/. Reviewed June 24, 2001. Accessed Julay 2014. 54. Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yakatine AL, DelValle HB, eds; Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D
Bajram Kamberi and Gojart Kamberi
;4:1003-1010. 8. Sauvaget C, Nagano J, Hayashi M, Yamada M. Animal Protein, Animal Fat, and Cholesterol Intakes and Risk of Cerebral Infarction Mortality in the Adult Health Study. Stroke. 2004; 35:1531-1537. 9. Ding EL, Mozaffarian D. Optimal dietary habits for the prevention of stroke. Semin Neurol. 2006;26(1):11-23. 10. El Kossi MMH, Zakhary MM. Oxidative stress in the context of acute cerebrovascular stroke. Stroke. 2000; 31:1889-1892. 11. Austin RC, Lentz SR, Werstuck GH. Role of hyperhomocysteinemia in endothelial