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Marija Aja Kocuvan Mijatov and Dušanka Mičetić-Turk

, fats, carbohydrates) and the lack of some macro - and microelements and vitamins ( 4 , 5 ). Predominantly, the patients lack a proper intake of dietary fiber, iron, unsaturated fatty acids, calcium, and certain vitamins (B12, A, D, E, K) ( 6 ). This is related to decreased mineral bone density and increased potential for obesity ( 4 , 7 ). Vitamin deficiency also increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the same way as hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia ( 8 ). With the advances in knowledge about the possibilities of improving the quality of GF

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Mustapha Diaf, Méghit Boumediene Khaled and Feriel Sellam

, Broom JI, Speakman JR, Johnstone AM. Dietary intake and self-reporting relation to eating behaviour in obese and type 2 diabetes patients. Baltic Endocrinology 2: 24-30, 2006. Accessed at :, 2015. 33. Tounian P. L’obésité de l’enfant, John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 196, 2006. 34. García-Meseguer MJ, Burriel FC, García CV, Serrano-Urrea R. Adherence to Mediterranean diet in a Spanish university population. Appetite 78: 156-64, 2014. 35. Ruhee D

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Marzena Malara, Joanna Tkaczyk, Anna Kęska, Grażyna Lutosławska and Krzysztof Mazurek

phosphorus intake that exceeds dietary requirements a risk factor in bone health? Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 1301: 29-35. 10. Calvo M.S., Uribarri J. (2013) Public health impact of dietary phosphorus excess on bone and cardiovascular health in the general population. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 98: 6-15. 11. Dai Q., Shu X.O., Deng X., Xiang Y.B., Li H., Yang G., Shrubsole M.J., Ji B., Cai H., Chow W.H., Gao Y.T., Zheng W. (2013) Modifying effect of calcium/magnesi¬um intake ratio and mortality: a population-based cohort study. BMJ, Open.; 3

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Meriem Bencharif, Chaima Boudaoud, Amal Fenaghra and Youcef Benabbas

nutritional habits and energy expenditure in Ramadan. Intl J Food Sci Nutri 51: 125-34, 2000. 5. Waterhouse J, Alkib L, Edwards B, Reilly T . Diurnal changes in sleep, food and fluid intakes, and activity during Ramadan, 2006, in the UK: some preliminary observations. Biol Rhythm Res 39: 449-467, 2008. 6. Hajek P, Myers K, Dhanji AR, West O, McRobbie H . Weight change during and after Ramadan fasting. J Public Health (Oxf) 34: 377-381, 2011. 7. Bencharif M, Dahili K, Benseghir L, Benabbas Y . Effect of Ramadan fasting on dietary intake and physical

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Aleksandar R. Popović, Dubravka J. Relić, Danijela V. Vranić, Jelena A. Babić-Milijašević, Lato L. Pezo and Jasna M. Đinović-Stojanović

.foodchem.2006.03.044 22. Hosseini SV, Sobhanardakani S, Miandare HK, Harsij M, Regenstein JM. Determination of toxic (Pb, Cd) and essential (Zn, Mn) metals in canned tuna fish produced in Iran. J Environ Health Sci Eng 2015;13:59. doi: 10.1186/s40201-015-0215-x 23. Iwegbue CMA. Metal concentrations in selected brands of canned fish in Nigeria: estimation of dietary intakes and target hazard quotients. Environ Monit Assess 2015;187:85. doi: 10.1007/s10661-014-4135-5 24. Serbian Regulation. Pravilnik o maksimalno dozvoljenim

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Marzena Malara and Elżbieta Hübner-Woźniak

. Lutosławska G., K. Mazurek, A. Kęska, A. Czajkowska, P. Żmijewski (2011) Validity of self-reported dietary intakes in young men and women with different physical activity. Med. Sportiva ., 15: 119-124. 26. Malara M., G. Lutosławska (2010) Physical activity, dietary habits and plasma lipoproteins in young men and women. Rocz. Panstw. Zakl. Hig ., 61: 405-412. 27. McNamara D.J. (2000) Dietary cholesterol and atherosclerosis. Biochim. Biophys. Acta ., 1529: 310-320. 28. Mente A., L. de Koning, H.S. Shannon, S.S. Anand (2009) A

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Karolina Slawinska, Gabriela Bielecka, Karol Iwaniak, Sylwia Wosko and Ewa Poleszak

. Eur J Pharmacol. 2011;658:145. 10. Capita R, Alonso-Calleja C. Intake of nutrients associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in a Spanish population. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2003;54(1):57. 11. Chun OK. Estimation of antioxidant intakes from diet and supplements in U.S. adults. J. Nutr. 2010;140(2):317. 12. Domingo JL, Perello G, Gine Bordonaba J. Dietary intake of metals by the population of Tarragona County (Catalonia, Spain): results from a duplicate diet study. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012

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Mihaela Posea, Andreea Dragomir, Emilia Rusu, Raluca Nan, Ramona Draguţ, Horaţiu Popescu, Florentina Stoicescu, Ileana Teodoru, Anca Hâncu, Marilena Stoian and Gabriela Radulian


Background and Aims To document the nutritional content of food intake in overweight and obese people, in order to change dietary habits for acquiring the normal weight. Material and methods We assessed the nutritional content of food intake (kilocalories, vitamins and minerals) in a sample of 124 overweight and obese people and 33 subjects with normal weight. We also measured abdominal circumference, percent of body fat and resting metabolic rate. Results Overweight and obese patients, compared to normal weight, have a significant increased intake of vitamin A (p=0.002), vitamin B1 (p=0.037), vitamin B5 (p=0.047), vitamin C (p=0.029) and vitamin D (p=0.015), sodium (p=0.036), iron (p=0.032) and selenium (p=0.007). The percent of body fat in obese persons is increased (p=0.00001) and very close to abnormal in patients with no weight problems. An increased food intake, above the calculated resting metabolic rate, is associated with a slower metabolism and a rapid resting metabolic rate is often associated with food intake below resting metabolic rate (p=0.002). Conclusions All subjects had imbalanced intake of vitamins and minerals. The normal weight group didn’t achieve the dietary recommendations for vitamins and minerals and we found that these subjects had risk factors for cardiac diseases like increased abdominal circumference, body fat and sodium intake.

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Blanka Tariba, Zorana Kljaković-Gašpić and Alica Pizent

;277:40302-8. National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc. Washington (DC): National Academy Press; 2000. Scientific Committee on Food, European Food Safety Authority. Tolerable Upper Intake Levels for Vitamins and Minerals, 2006 [displayed 6 April 2011]. Available at Sadhra SS

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T. Bulbul, V. Ozdemir, A. Bulbul and E. Ulutas

arginine concentration on lymphoid organ growth in chickens. Poult Sci 78: 1536-1541. Lee JE, Austic RE, Naqi SA, Golemboski KA, Dietert RR (2002) Dietary arginine intake alters avian leukocyte population distribution during infectious bronchitis challenge. Poult Sci 81: 793-798. Li CG, Rand MJ (1990) Nitric oxide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide mediate non- adrenergic, non-cholinergic inhibitory transmission to smooth muscle of the rat gastric fundus. Eur J Pharmacol 191: 303-309. McCall TB, Feelisch M, Palmer RM