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Mustapha Diaf, Méghit Boumediene Khaled and Feriel Sellam

, Broom JI, Speakman JR, Johnstone AM. Dietary intake and self-reporting relation to eating behaviour in obese and type 2 diabetes patients. Baltic Endocrinology 2: 24-30, 2006. Accessed at : http://www.abdn.ac.uk/energeticsresearch/publications/pdf_docs/247.pdf, 2015. 33. Tounian P. L’obésité de l’enfant, John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 196, 2006. 34. García-Meseguer MJ, Burriel FC, García CV, Serrano-Urrea R. Adherence to Mediterranean diet in a Spanish university population. Appetite 78: 156-64, 2014. 35. Ruhee D

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Fatma Esra Güneş, Funda Elmacıoğiu, Şule Aktaç and Duygu Sağlam

.A., Reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire among fourth to seventh grade inner-city school children: implications of age and day-to-day variation in dietary intake. Public Health Nutr., 1999, 2, 293–300. 13. Friis S., Kruger K.S., Stripp C., Overvad K., Reproducibility and relative validity of a self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire applied to younger women. J. Clin. Epidemiol., 1997, 50, 303–311. 14. Fumagalli F., Pontes M.J., Sartorelli D.S., Vieira M.N., de Lourdes Pires B.M., Validation of a food frequency

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Zdeněk Zloch, Pavel Sedláček, Jana Langmajerová and Dana Müllerová

REFERENCES 1. Bai W., Wang C., Ren C., Intakes of total and individual flavonoids by US adults. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 2014, 65, 9–20. 2. Balentine D.A., Dwyer J.T., Erdman J.W., Jr., Ferruzzi M.G., Gaine P.C., Harnly J.M., Kwik-Uribe C.L., Recommendations on reporting requirements for flavonoids in research. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 2015, 101, 1113–1125. 3. Bohn T., Dietary factors affecting polyphenol bioavailability. Nutr. Rev., 2014, 72, 429–452. 4. Brat P., George S., Bellamy A., Du Chaffaut L., Scalbert A., Mennen L., Arnault N., Amiot

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Meriem Bencharif, Chaima Boudaoud, Amal Fenaghra and Youcef Benabbas

nutritional habits and energy expenditure in Ramadan. Intl J Food Sci Nutri 51: 125-34, 2000. 5. Waterhouse J, Alkib L, Edwards B, Reilly T . Diurnal changes in sleep, food and fluid intakes, and activity during Ramadan, 2006, in the UK: some preliminary observations. Biol Rhythm Res 39: 449-467, 2008. 6. Hajek P, Myers K, Dhanji AR, West O, McRobbie H . Weight change during and after Ramadan fasting. J Public Health (Oxf) 34: 377-381, 2011. 7. Bencharif M, Dahili K, Benseghir L, Benabbas Y . Effect of Ramadan fasting on dietary intake and physical

Open access

Magdalena Człapka-Matyasik and Katarzyna Ast

References 1. Adamczyk G., Selected aspects of consumer behaviour and pat-terns of food consumption in households in the 1990s. Roczniki Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu - CCCXLIII. Ekon., 2002, 1, 31-41 (in Polish). 2. Agudo A., Cabrera L., Amiano P., Ardanaz E., Barricarte A., Berenguer T., Chirlaque M.D., Dorronsoro M., Jakszyn P., Lar-rañaga N., Martínez C., Navarro C., Quirós J.R., Sánchez M.J., Tormo M.J., González C.A., Fruit and vegetable intakes, dietary antioxidant nutrients, and total mortality in Spanish adults: fndings from the Spanish cohort of

Open access

Mihaela Posea, Andreea Dragomir, Emilia Rusu, Raluca Nan, Ramona Draguţ, Horaţiu Popescu, Florentina Stoicescu, Ileana Teodoru, Anca Hâncu, Marilena Stoian and Gabriela Radulian

Abstract

Background and Aims To document the nutritional content of food intake in overweight and obese people, in order to change dietary habits for acquiring the normal weight. Material and methods We assessed the nutritional content of food intake (kilocalories, vitamins and minerals) in a sample of 124 overweight and obese people and 33 subjects with normal weight. We also measured abdominal circumference, percent of body fat and resting metabolic rate. Results Overweight and obese patients, compared to normal weight, have a significant increased intake of vitamin A (p=0.002), vitamin B1 (p=0.037), vitamin B5 (p=0.047), vitamin C (p=0.029) and vitamin D (p=0.015), sodium (p=0.036), iron (p=0.032) and selenium (p=0.007). The percent of body fat in obese persons is increased (p=0.00001) and very close to abnormal in patients with no weight problems. An increased food intake, above the calculated resting metabolic rate, is associated with a slower metabolism and a rapid resting metabolic rate is often associated with food intake below resting metabolic rate (p=0.002). Conclusions All subjects had imbalanced intake of vitamins and minerals. The normal weight group didn’t achieve the dietary recommendations for vitamins and minerals and we found that these subjects had risk factors for cardiac diseases like increased abdominal circumference, body fat and sodium intake.

Open access

Peter-Damian Chukwunomso Jiwuba, Francis Okechukwu Ahamefule, Okechukwu Samuel Okechukwu and Kingsley Ikwunze

References 1. Aberra M. Comparative assessment on chemical compositions and feeding values of leaves of Moringa stenopetala and Moringa oleifera using in vitro gas production method. Ethi. J. App Sci Tech 2011: 2: 31-41. 2. Agboola IO. Performance and Heat Index of West African Dwarf (WAD) Rams Fed with Adansonia digitata Bark (Baobab) as Supplement. Agric Sci 2012;12:245-Ahamefule FO, Elendu C. Intake and digestibility of West African Dwarf bucks fed cassava leaf-maize offal based diets. J Anim Vet Adv 2010; 9

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T. Bulbul, V. Ozdemir, A. Bulbul and E. Ulutas

arginine concentration on lymphoid organ growth in chickens. Poult Sci 78: 1536-1541. Lee JE, Austic RE, Naqi SA, Golemboski KA, Dietert RR (2002) Dietary arginine intake alters avian leukocyte population distribution during infectious bronchitis challenge. Poult Sci 81: 793-798. Li CG, Rand MJ (1990) Nitric oxide and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide mediate non- adrenergic, non-cholinergic inhibitory transmission to smooth muscle of the rat gastric fundus. Eur J Pharmacol 191: 303-309. McCall TB, Feelisch M, Palmer RM

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Sher Ali Khan, Xiaoyu Liu, Bakht Ramin Shah, Wenting Fan, Hong Li, Sher Bahadhar Khan and Zahoor Ahmad

: 10.1007/s00128-005-0851-4. [36] Zheng N, Wang Q, Zhang XW, Zheng D, Zhang Z, Zhang S. Population health risk due to dietary intake of heavy metals in the industrial area of Huludao City, China. Sci Total Environ. 2007;387(1-3):96-104. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.07.044. [37] Nagajyoti PC, Lee KD, Sreekanth TM. Heavy metals, occurrence and toxicity for plants: a review. Environ Chem Lett. 2010;8:199-216. DOI 10.1007/s10311-010-0297-8. [38] Pasha Q, Malik SA, Shaheen N, Shah MH. Investigation of trace metals in the

Open access

Stanisław Berger

Abstract

Short life story and scientific activity of Kazimierz (Casimir) Funk is presented. His achievements and pioneer work in vitaminology is summated on the occasion of 101 anniversary of the introduction of this topic into food and nutrition sciences. His long biochemical scientific itinerary is presented starting from Switzerland, France (twice), UK, USA (twice) and Poland. Most of his discoveries or studies were linked with vitamins, but also with other nutrients (carbohydrates, amino acids, trace elements) or bioactive substances e.g. hormones and their synthesis. It is worth mentioning that Dr. Funk looked always at food constituents as factors affecting health and/ or preventing diseases. We in Poland are very proud of his scientific achievements considering that Dr. Funk is the significant milestone in developing food and nutrition science worldwide.