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Pavlin Ivanov Glushkov

Abstract

The study was conducted in the period July - September 2017 at the National Military University "Vasil Levski” - Veliko Tarnovo, Republic of Bulgaria. The subject of the research is the provision of free food as an integral part of the full state support of the students at the National Military University "Vasil Levski". The subject of the study is the impact of objective social, biological, economic and other factors in the dietary intake of male and female students at the National Military University "Vasil Levski” The working hypothesis of the study is that the popularity of the "fast food” concept, the economic difficulties associated with buying high-quality food resulting from the low income levels of the students’ families, the marketing strategies of food traders and the biological characteristics of each individual have largely shaped the habits and the perception of nutrition of the students before enrolling at the National Military University "Vasil Levski". This, in turn, implies that the existing nutrition norms should be adapted to the consumers in line with the basic principles of nutrition science. The study is conducted at the National Military University "Vasil Levski", Veliko Tarnovo. Cadets at the “Land Forces” Faculty - region of Veliko Tarnovo and “Artillery, Air Defense and Communication and Information Systems” Faculty - region of Shoumen are provided with food from the same menu and with uniform food prices. Peculiarities based on religious grounds and vegetarianism which are not in line with the science of nutrition and the principles of army nutrition are not taken into consideration

Open access

Peter-Damian Chukwunomso Jiwuba, Francis Okechukwu Ahamefule, Okechukwu Samuel Okechukwu and Kingsley Ikwunze

References 1. Aberra M. Comparative assessment on chemical compositions and feeding values of leaves of Moringa stenopetala and Moringa oleifera using in vitro gas production method. Ethi. J. App Sci Tech 2011: 2: 31-41. 2. Agboola IO. Performance and Heat Index of West African Dwarf (WAD) Rams Fed with Adansonia digitata Bark (Baobab) as Supplement. Agric Sci 2012;12:245-Ahamefule FO, Elendu C. Intake and digestibility of West African Dwarf bucks fed cassava leaf-maize offal based diets. J Anim Vet Adv 2010; 9

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Ionuț Șerban Negoiță, Florica Bărbuceanu, Nicolae Dojană and Rosalie Adina Bălăceanu

of dietary calcium levels during the brooding, rearing and early laying period on feed intake, egg production and shell quality of White Leghorn hens. Poultry science. 60, 349. Pelicia K., Garcia E.A., Faitarone A.B.G., Silva A.P., Berto D.A., Molino A.B., Vercese F., 2009. Calcium and Available Phosphorus Levels for Laying Hens in Second Production Cycle. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science. 11(1), 39 - 49. Preda C., Bălăceanu R., Dojană N., 2013. Evolution of hormonal control of calcium and phosphorus metabolism in different hen

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J. Csapó, Cs. Albert and J. Prokisch

References [1] S. Abraham, M. D. Carrol, C. M. Dresser, Dietary intake of persons 1–74 years of age in the United States. Advanced data from vital and health statistics of the National Center of Health Statistics . G. Rockville, MD, Public Health Service, (1977) March 30. [2] L. A. G. Armas, B.W. Hollis, R. P. Heaney, Vitamin D2 is much less effective as vitamin D3 in humans. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism , 89. (2004) 5387–5391. [3] H. A. Bischoff-Ferrari, B. Dawson-Hughes, W. C. Willett, H. B. Staehelin, M. G. Bazemore

Open access

Peter-Damian Chukwunomso Jiwuba, Lydia Chidimma Jiwuba and Moses Udoha Onyekwere

meal (MOLM) in their diets. Comparative Clinical Pathology.2017;26 (3);621-624. 17. Jiwuba PC, Ahamefule FO, Okechukwu SO, Ikwunze K. Feed intake, body weight changes and haematology of West African dwarf goats fed dietary levels of Moringa oleifera leaf meal. Agricultura, 2016C;13(1-2):71-77. 18. Jiwuba PC, Ezenwaka LC, Ikwunze K, Nsidinanya NO. Blood profile of West African Dwarf goats fed provitamin A cassava peel-centrosema leaf meal based diets. Analele Stiintifice ale Universitatii,, Alexandru Ioan Cuz”, Sectiunea Genetica si

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I. Holló, J. Csapó and G. Holló

References [1] S. Kobayashi, K. Takasaki., Effects of alfa-tocopherol on body weight gain and meat qualities of Holstein steers. Jpn. J. Zootech. Sci., 56. (1985) 802. [2] R. N. Arnold, K. K. Scheller, S. C. Arp, S. N. Williams, D. M. Schaefer, Dietary alpha-tocopheryl acetate enhances beef quality in Holstein and beef breed steers. J. Food Sci., 58. (1993) 28–33. [3] S. H. Lee, B. Y. Park, K. Lee, S. Sung, N. J. Choi, J. H. Lee, J. M. Yeo, J. K. Ha, W. J. Maeng, W. Y. Kim, Effects of spent composts of selenium

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R. Juhászné Tóth and J. Csapó

lait de vache dans le nord ontarien. Annales de Zootechnie , (1975) 129–132. [40] D. H. Holben, A. M. Smith, The diverse role of selenium within selenoproteins: A review. Journal of American Dietetic Association , 99. (1999) 836–843. [41] M. Horacsek, A. Lugasi,É. Martos, Az étrend-kiegészítok. Új Diéta , 1. (2006) 8–9. [42] Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary reference intakes: Vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and carotenoids. National Academy Press , Washington, D.C. (2000). [43] E. Karag, I. Németh, A. Ferke, J

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J. Prokisch, Z. Csiki, Cs. Albert and J. Csapó

References [1] S. J. Algert, N. E. Stubblefield, B. J. Grasse, Assessment of dietary-intake of lysine and arginine in patients with herpes-simplex. Journal of the American Dietetic Association , 87, 11. (1987) 1560–1561. [2] E. Armstrong, J. Elenbaas, Lysine for herpes-simplex virus. Drug Intelligence & Clinical Pharmacy , 17, 3. (1983) 186–186. [3] E. Ayala, D. Krikorian, Effect of L-lysine monohydrochloride on cutaneous herpes-simplex virus in the guinea-pig. Journal of Medical Virology , 28, 1. (1989) 16–20. [4] L. Benmohamed, I

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J. Csapó, Cs. Albert and J. Prokisch

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Open access

O. Fadairo, G. Diósi, I. Mironescu and E. Máthé

. Food and Nutrition Sciences , 3. 11. (2012) 1500–1508. [24] K. Menrad, Market and marketing of functional food in Europe. Journal of Food Engineering , 56. (2003) 181–188. [25] B. Mollet, I. Rowland, Functional foods: At the frontier between food and pharma. Current Opinion in Biotechnology , 13. (2002) 483–485. [26] D. Mostert, N. P. Steyn, N. J. Temple, R. Olwagen, Dietary intake of pregnant women and their infants in a poor black South African community. Curations , 28. (2005) 12–19. [27] M. Nazam Ansari, U. Bhandari, K. K. Pillai