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Marija Aja Kocuvan Mijatov and Dušanka Mičetić-Turk

, fats, carbohydrates) and the lack of some macro - and microelements and vitamins ( 4 , 5 ). Predominantly, the patients lack a proper intake of dietary fiber, iron, unsaturated fatty acids, calcium, and certain vitamins (B12, A, D, E, K) ( 6 ). This is related to decreased mineral bone density and increased potential for obesity ( 4 , 7 ). Vitamin deficiency also increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the same way as hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia ( 8 ). With the advances in knowledge about the possibilities of improving the quality of GF

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Mustapha Diaf, Méghit Boumediene Khaled and Feriel Sellam

, Broom JI, Speakman JR, Johnstone AM. Dietary intake and self-reporting relation to eating behaviour in obese and type 2 diabetes patients. Baltic Endocrinology 2: 24-30, 2006. Accessed at :, 2015. 33. Tounian P. L’obésité de l’enfant, John Libbey Eurotext, Paris, pp 196, 2006. 34. García-Meseguer MJ, Burriel FC, García CV, Serrano-Urrea R. Adherence to Mediterranean diet in a Spanish university population. Appetite 78: 156-64, 2014. 35. Ruhee D

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Fatma Esra Güneş, Funda Elmacıoğiu, Şule Aktaç and Duygu Sağlam

.A., Reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire among fourth to seventh grade inner-city school children: implications of age and day-to-day variation in dietary intake. Public Health Nutr., 1999, 2, 293–300. 13. Friis S., Kruger K.S., Stripp C., Overvad K., Reproducibility and relative validity of a self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire applied to younger women. J. Clin. Epidemiol., 1997, 50, 303–311. 14. Fumagalli F., Pontes M.J., Sartorelli D.S., Vieira M.N., de Lourdes Pires B.M., Validation of a food frequency

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Pavlin Ivanov Glushkov


The study was conducted in the period July - September 2017 at the National Military University "Vasil Levski” - Veliko Tarnovo, Republic of Bulgaria. The subject of the research is the provision of free food as an integral part of the full state support of the students at the National Military University "Vasil Levski". The subject of the study is the impact of objective social, biological, economic and other factors in the dietary intake of male and female students at the National Military University "Vasil Levski” The working hypothesis of the study is that the popularity of the "fast food” concept, the economic difficulties associated with buying high-quality food resulting from the low income levels of the students’ families, the marketing strategies of food traders and the biological characteristics of each individual have largely shaped the habits and the perception of nutrition of the students before enrolling at the National Military University "Vasil Levski". This, in turn, implies that the existing nutrition norms should be adapted to the consumers in line with the basic principles of nutrition science. The study is conducted at the National Military University "Vasil Levski", Veliko Tarnovo. Cadets at the “Land Forces” Faculty - region of Veliko Tarnovo and “Artillery, Air Defense and Communication and Information Systems” Faculty - region of Shoumen are provided with food from the same menu and with uniform food prices. Peculiarities based on religious grounds and vegetarianism which are not in line with the science of nutrition and the principles of army nutrition are not taken into consideration

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Līga Kalniņa, Guntars Selga, Melita Sauka, Aija Randoha, Eva Krasovska and Viesturs Lāriņš

recovery from resistance exercise alters myofibrillar protein synthesis. J. Physiol ., 591 (9), 2319–2331. Beck, K. L., Mitchell, S., Foskett, A, Conlon, C. A., von Hurst, P. R. (2015). Dietary intake, anthropometric characteristics, and iron and vitamin D status of female adolescent ballet dancers living in New Zealand. Int. J. Sport Nutr. Exerc. Metab., 25 (4), 335–343. Benardot, D. (2012). Advanced Sports Nutrition . 2nd ed. Human Kinetics, Champaign, IL. 424 pp. (at p. 341). Croll, J., K., Neumark-Sztainer D., Story, M., Wall, M., Perry, C

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Zdeněk Zloch, Pavel Sedláček, Jana Langmajerová and Dana Müllerová

REFERENCES 1. Bai W., Wang C., Ren C., Intakes of total and individual flavonoids by US adults. Int. J. Food Sci. Nutr., 2014, 65, 9–20. 2. Balentine D.A., Dwyer J.T., Erdman J.W., Jr., Ferruzzi M.G., Gaine P.C., Harnly J.M., Kwik-Uribe C.L., Recommendations on reporting requirements for flavonoids in research. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 2015, 101, 1113–1125. 3. Bohn T., Dietary factors affecting polyphenol bioavailability. Nutr. Rev., 2014, 72, 429–452. 4. Brat P., George S., Bellamy A., Du Chaffaut L., Scalbert A., Mennen L., Arnault N., Amiot

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Marzena Malara, Joanna Tkaczyk, Anna Kęska, Grażyna Lutosławska and Krzysztof Mazurek

phosphorus intake that exceeds dietary requirements a risk factor in bone health? Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 1301: 29-35. 10. Calvo M.S., Uribarri J. (2013) Public health impact of dietary phosphorus excess on bone and cardiovascular health in the general population. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 98: 6-15. 11. Dai Q., Shu X.O., Deng X., Xiang Y.B., Li H., Yang G., Shrubsole M.J., Ji B., Cai H., Chow W.H., Gao Y.T., Zheng W. (2013) Modifying effect of calcium/magnesi¬um intake ratio and mortality: a population-based cohort study. BMJ, Open.; 3

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Meriem Bencharif, Chaima Boudaoud, Amal Fenaghra and Youcef Benabbas

nutritional habits and energy expenditure in Ramadan. Intl J Food Sci Nutri 51: 125-34, 2000. 5. Waterhouse J, Alkib L, Edwards B, Reilly T . Diurnal changes in sleep, food and fluid intakes, and activity during Ramadan, 2006, in the UK: some preliminary observations. Biol Rhythm Res 39: 449-467, 2008. 6. Hajek P, Myers K, Dhanji AR, West O, McRobbie H . Weight change during and after Ramadan fasting. J Public Health (Oxf) 34: 377-381, 2011. 7. Bencharif M, Dahili K, Benseghir L, Benabbas Y . Effect of Ramadan fasting on dietary intake and physical

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Aleksandar R. Popović, Dubravka J. Relić, Danijela V. Vranić, Jelena A. Babić-Milijašević, Lato L. Pezo and Jasna M. Đinović-Stojanović

.foodchem.2006.03.044 22. Hosseini SV, Sobhanardakani S, Miandare HK, Harsij M, Regenstein JM. Determination of toxic (Pb, Cd) and essential (Zn, Mn) metals in canned tuna fish produced in Iran. J Environ Health Sci Eng 2015;13:59. doi: 10.1186/s40201-015-0215-x 23. Iwegbue CMA. Metal concentrations in selected brands of canned fish in Nigeria: estimation of dietary intakes and target hazard quotients. Environ Monit Assess 2015;187:85. doi: 10.1007/s10661-014-4135-5 24. Serbian Regulation. Pravilnik o maksimalno dozvoljenim

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Marzena Malara and Elżbieta Hübner-Woźniak

. Lutosławska G., K. Mazurek, A. Kęska, A. Czajkowska, P. Żmijewski (2011) Validity of self-reported dietary intakes in young men and women with different physical activity. Med. Sportiva ., 15: 119-124. 26. Malara M., G. Lutosławska (2010) Physical activity, dietary habits and plasma lipoproteins in young men and women. Rocz. Panstw. Zakl. Hig ., 61: 405-412. 27. McNamara D.J. (2000) Dietary cholesterol and atherosclerosis. Biochim. Biophys. Acta ., 1529: 310-320. 28. Mente A., L. de Koning, H.S. Shannon, S.S. Anand (2009) A