dynamics over time. Accordingly, Hesse, Polívka and Reicher (2018) face the question of how to approach the temporarily differentiated development dynamics of suburban spaces within a systematic, conceptual framework for analysis. The temporal variation and trajectory analysis is key to that debate. The paper focuses on the integration of the particular phases and cycles into a broader context of the suburban system and – as far as possible – describes interdependencies of trigger factors and of the local and regional frameworks. This distinguishes the approach from
Markus Hesse and Stefan Siedentop
Bernard Okoński, Antoni Miler and Monika Panfil
The dynamics of climate elements and land drainage impact on hydrologic conditions in a lakeland blind drainage area
The assessment of climate dynamics and the impact of land drainage systems on lakeland blind drainage area was the problem studied in the paper. The research area was located based on relative stability of non-climatic physiographic characteristics and water management practices over a longer time-scale. Thus, the influence of non-climatic factors on water storage could be omitted. The study site was situated in Warmia region in the Dopływ spod Nowej Wsi catchment (27.53 km2). One of local seepage ponds called Bagna Ramuckie within the aforementioned catchment was investigated. The study covered the time period since the first half of the 19th century to the year 2005.
The decisive factors affecting processes of increase and decrease of pond water surface area in considered spatial units were the trends of air temperature over the long time scale. It was indicated that natural enlargement of water surface area in the pond occurred after 40-years long period of air temperature decrease and the decline followed 20-year-long period of air temperature rise. Precipitation did not show any trends for long periods but typical cyclic changes of precipitation over a short time-scale. These pluvial cycles stimulated or destimulated processes of water surface changes additionally over short periods. The first episode of water surface decrease in the seepage pond occurred when air temperature rise trend coincided with intensive land drainage and changes in some land management patterns (the 2nd half of the 19th century). Nevertheless, during the 20th century water management practices were rather stable and did not have any impact on rise or decline of seepage pond water surface area.
Markus Hesse, Jan Polívka and Christa Reicher
. Choldin, Hanson and Bohrer (1980) investigated the change in status of selected suburban areas according to a transformation of life-cyclic dynamics, assuming that suburban areas can undergo decline subsequent to phases of steady growth in a similar way to that of core urban areas. More recent empirical illustration of the degree of such changes can be found in Hanlon (2010) . In the European context, related approaches have been used for empirical research, for instance by Bizer, Dappen, Deffner et al. (2008) who studied the built fabric of urban neighbourhoods, or
Gillian Bristow and Adrian Healy
1 Introduction The notion of resilience is being utilised by an increasing number of authors keen to understand the dynamics of local and regional economies and particularly how they deal with economic shocks and recessionary crises (see, for example, Christopherson/Michie/Tyler 2010 ; Pendall/Foster/Cowell 2010 ; Hill/St. Clair/Wial et al. 2011 ). Most people have an intuitive notion of what resilience means: the capacity to sustain a shock, recover, and continue to function and, more generally, cope with change ( Walker/Holling/Carpenter et al. 2004 : 5
final section draws some conclusions from these analyses. Some regional economic policy prescriptions arising from these analyses are also explored. 2 Regional Economic Adaptation and Resilience Contemporary literature that develops the concept of regional economic resilience has tended to focus not so much on the long-term, cyclical evolution of capitalist economies but more on their immediate reactions to recessionary shocks. This is partly a result of their ontological backgrounds. Gardiner/Martin/Sunley et al. (2012) , for example, identified four different
moves will increase ( Haas 2000 ; Struck/Grotheer/Schröder et al. 2007 ; Giesecke/Heisig 2010 ). We can therefore assume that employment-related regional mobility takes a pro-cyclical course: in periods of economic upswing, an increasing amount of transregional job offers with attractive income incentives are available and trigger regional mobility processes, while this is hardly ever the case in periods of economic downturn. Likewise, firm-specific characteristics may influence the decision to opt for regional mobility. Such features, for instance a high median
Cormac Walsh and Andreas Kannen
comprehensive (integrated development planning) model of the 1960s and 1970s and the incrementalism of the 1980s (e.g. Frey/Hamedinger/Dangschat 2008 ; Kühn 2008 ). Rather than seeking to develop a comprehensive and detailed plan for a given space, strategic spatial planning became associated with a selective and schematic approach to spatial strategy-making ( Healey 1999 ). Given the complexity of contemporary governance arrangements and uncertainty inherent in urban and regional development dynamics, the claim to integrate across all relevant policy areas, levels of