1. Rajalingam R. Human diversity of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors and disease. Korean J Hematol. 2011; 46(4): 216-228.
2. Jiang W, Johnson C, Jayaraman J, Simecek N, Noble J, Moffatt MF, et al. Copy number variation leads to considerable diversity for B but not A haplotypes of the human KIR genes encoding NK cell receptors. Genome Res. 2012; 22(10): 1845-1854.
3. Hou L, Chen M, Ng J, Hurley CK. Conserved KIR allele-level haplotypes are altered by microvariation in individuals with European
were recorded as lasting 121 s [ 5 , 7 ]. The adhesive sticker removal task was evaluated at 1 day before injury (day 1) and postinjury on days 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35.
Horizontal ladder test
A horizontal ladder test was used to assess skilled locomotion. The horizontal wooden ladder used was 129.39 cm long and 16.51 cm wide, and 37 rungs (0.79 cm diameter) were inserted 2.5, 3.2, or 5.7 cm apart [ 3 ]. While rats crossing the ladder, was focused behavior on the side of the injury. The pattern of rungs was changed weekly to prevent animals from learning and
vertical line. The parotid artery perforator deviates because there were 4 branches running across the lateral canthal line at the lower alar level in 4 of 7 specimens. There were 2 facial artery perforators crossing the lateral canthal line between the lower eye lid and tip of the nose level. The diameter of the buccal branch shows a significant sex difference ( P = 0.018), the buccal branch diameter in men was larger than in women. However, the buccal artery perforator diameter in men was significantly larger than it was in women ( P = 0.019). Table 2 shows the
Ingfar Soontarawirat, Mallika Imwong, Charles J. Woodrow, Chalisa Louicharoen Cheepsunthorn, Nicholas P.J. Day, Richard Paul and Pratap Singhasivanon
). These abnormalities are because of complex mutations in opsin genes on the Xq28 chromosome coding for the long-wavelength and middle-wavelength sensitive cone photopigments ( OPN1LW and OPN1MW respectively) [ 9 ].
The telomeric region of the X chromosome within band Xq28 consists of about 3 Mb and contains the genes coding for G6PD, the opsin red or green color pigments, and coagulation factor VIIIc. The distance between the opsin genes and G6PD is approximately 300 kb [ 10 , 11 ]. Consistent with the strong linkage disequilibrium between the genes, a number
Effat Hatefnia, Kobra Alizadeh and Mostafa Ghorbani
Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for atherosclerosis, cerebrovascular accident, and heart and renal failure in many countries, and the leading cause of preventable premature deaths worldwide [ 1 , 2 ]. Hypertension refers to intermittent and continuous increase of blood pressure in an individual through which his or her systolic blood pressure might continuously be ≥140 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure might be ≥90 mm Hg [ 3 ]. Hypertension itself accounts for 7 million premature deaths worldwide [ 4 ]. The number of people suffering