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Agnieszka Bok, Joanna Guziałowska-Tic and Wilhelm Jan Tic

Abstract

The dynamic growth of the use of non-renewable fuels for energy purposes results in demand for catalysts to improve their combustion process. The paper describes catalysts used mainly in the processes of combustion of motor fuels and fuel oils. These catalysts make it possible to raise the efficiency of oxidation processes simultanously reducing the emission of pollutants. The key to success is the selection of catalyst compounds that will reduce harmful emissions of combustion products into the atmosphere. Catalysts are introduced into the combustion zone in form of solutions miscible with fuel or with air supplied to the combustion process. The following compounds soluble in fuel are inclused in the composition of the described catalysts: organometallic complexes, manganese compounds, salts originated from organic acids, ferrocen and its derivatives and sodium chloride and magnesium chloride responsible for burning the soot (chlorides). The priority is to minimize emissions of volatile organic compounds, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, and carbon monoxide, as well as particulate matter.

Open access

Michał Ćwiąkała, Andrzej Greinert, Jakub Kostecki and Leszek Rafalski

. Pietrzykowski, M., Woś, B., Pająk, M., Wanic, T., Krzaklewski, W., Chodak, M. Reclamation of a lignite combustion waste disposal site with alders (Alnus sp.): assessment of tree growth and nutrient status within 10 years of the experiment . Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25 (17), 2018, 17091-17099. DOI: 10.1007/s11356-018-1892-7. 37. Pietrzykowski, M., Woś, B., Pająk M., Wanic, T., Krzaklewski W., Chodak, M. The impact of alders (Alnus spp.) on the physico-chemical properties oftechnosols on a lignite combustion waste disposal site . Ecological