‒13. Tu Huynh, N., Doherty, S. T. (2007). Digital Sketch-Map Drawing as an Instrument to Collect Data about Spatial Cognition. Cartographica 42, (4), 285‒296. Tversky, B. (1993). Cognitive maps, cognitive collages and spatial mental models. In: A. Frank, I & Campari (eds.). Spatial Information Theory. A Theoretical Basis for GIS : European Conference, COSIT’93. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, s. 14‒24 Tversky, B. (2002). What do Sketches say about Thinking. Proceedings of AAAI Spring Symposium on Sketch Understanding, 205
Dominika Stryjewsja, Krzysztof Kwoka, Paulina Szymanowska and Bożena Janda-Dębek
Agnieszka Woźniewicz, Joanna Kalinowska, Małgorzata Anna Basińska and Bogdan Pietrulewicz
Taking care of a paraplegic may contribute to the caregiver’s fatigue. Sixty family caregivers participated in our study, out of which 30 provided care for paraplegics in hospital, and 30 for paraplegics at home. The Orientation to Life Qestionnaire (SOC-29) was used to measure individual sense of coherence, The Life Orientation Test - Revised for dispositional optimism, The Polish Resiliency Assessment Scale for resiliency, and The Daily Life Fatigue Questionnaire for daily life fatigue. In order to collect data about caregivers an individual examination was applied. People with higher personal resource levels such as sense of coherence, optimism and resiliency are characterized by less severe daily life fatigue.
Dariusz Kuncewicz, Dorota Kuncewicz, Ewa Sokołowska and Jolanta Sobkowicz
Our article describes and illustrates a procedure for isolating a hidden story from a monologue on an assigned topic. The procedure involves four stages: 1) collecting data and preparing transcripts; 2) identifying out-of-key elements; 3) analysing and interpreting a text by means of linguistic and literary theory devices; 4) formulating a hidden story. In deducing a hidden story from narratively out-of-key elements, the vital part was identifying the rules of speech and analysing the contexts in which they were used in the monologue. The hidden story was reconstructed as a one-level narrative pattern on the basis of information inferred from different contexts of using speech rules, as well as from information explicit in the monologue. Our article also discusses the theoretical and clinical value, and new trends in the research on hidden stories.
Asli Nazife Kaya and Seniz Cikis
The aim of this study is to reveal relations between creativity in design and the cognitive developmental stages of designers within a Post-Piagetian approach. In this study design processes were deeply inspected with the aim of obtaining more comprehensive information about the effects of individual’s cognitive status on the design processes, problemsolving and quality of idea generation . In this field, studies done so far have been conducted on test results as indicators of creativity. Withinthe present study, however, protocol analyses were also evaluated, in addition to test results, and thanks to this addition, it was possible to determine the qualitative and quantitative effects of cognitive developmental stages on creativity. A total of twenty-five students voluntarily participated in the research. To collect data, two different methods were employed. The Social Paradigm Belief Inventory (SPBI), was employed to determine students' cognitive stages and scores, and the Think-aloud protocol was used to elicit verbal reports of the thought sequences of the students. In order to analyse the verbal reports reflecting designers' cognitive activities, the method of Linkography was conducted and the general statistics of segments were measured. To assess the relations between creativity in design and the cognitive developmental stages of the designers, SPBI scores and the general statistical values obtained from the design sessions were correlated. Findings showed that there is a strong and significant correlation between the cognitive development levels and creativity, in favour of dialectical thinking.
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