Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 11 items for :

Clear All
Open access

Fatt Mee Foo, Siti Aishah Hassan, Mansor Abu Talib and Noor Syamilah Zakaria

Abstract

This study aims to measure the latent mean difference in perfectionism and marital satisfaction by counseling help-seeking attitudes. The respondents were 327 married graduate students from a research university in Malaysia. An online self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. The respondents completed the Almost Perfect Scale- Revised, Dyadic Almost Perfect Scale, Marital Satisfaction Scale, and Attitudes toward Seeking Professional Psychology Help Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examined the instruments and the results indicated that construct validity were achieved. The latent mean difference in perfectionism and marital satisfaction by counseling help-seeking attitudes were tested using multigroup invariance analysis. The respondents with negative attitudes toward counseling help-seeking (n = 159) reported a higher latent mean in perfectionism but a lower latent mean in marital satisfaction compared to those with positive attitudes toward counseling help-seeking (n = 168). The implications of these findings for counseling services are discussed.

Open access

Dorota Kalka

Abstract

In middle adulthood the intensity of stress is significantly higher than in the preceding developmental period. This stress is particularly significant in the case of chronically ill women, including those with type 2 diabetes. In this group, the disease-related stress intensifies the difficulties generated by the decrease of age-related organismic resources and in many instances impairs the quality of life. Therefore, an ability to cope with difficult situations is of crucial importance. The aim of the research was to estimate the general level of life-satisfaction, as well as the frequency and effectiveness of proactive coping strategies in a group of middle adulthood women with type 2 diabetes compared to women not suffering from diabetes. The study was conducted with methods which have acknowledged psychometric properties (SWLS, WHOQoL - BREF, PCI) as well as a survey collecting sociodemographic data. Women suffering from type 2 diabetes are less satisfied with their prior and current life, health and the physical dimension of their lives and environment. Only partially do they employ proactive coping strategies different from those used by the women from the healthy group. For life-satisfaction in its various aspects it is particularly important for the diabetic women to more often use the strategy of reflective coping and to less often seek emotional support while using the strategy of preventive coping or avoidance. The proactive strategies directed at anticipated stress are connected with the level of life-satisfaction and considered to be health resources.

Open access

Anna Orylska, Aneta Brzezicka, Ewa Racicka-Pawlukiewicz, Rafał Albinski and Grzegorz Sedek

Abstract

Objective: Present research examined children’s behavioural and cognitive functioning by using data from a screening study based on reports given by parents and teachers, and investigated the strongest predictors of children’s fluid intelligence.

Method: Scales: Conners Early Childhood Behaviour Scale (CEC BEH [S]) and Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool (BRIEF-P) were filled out by parents and teachers of preschool children. Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM) was used to measure fluid intelligence among preschool children.

Results: Parent-teacher concordance was low to moderate. Working memory in BRIEF-P estimated by teachers and parents mediated the relationship between inattention/hyperactivity in CEC BEH [S] and fluid intelligence among preschoolers. The difficulties with working memory assessed by teachers and parents were significant predictors of Raven scores; however, predictions based on teachers’ assessments were stronger.

Conclusion: Clinicians should collect reports from various observers in order to implement prevention programs and optimize clinical diagnoses for children. Information from both parents and teachers give significant and complementary contribution to understanding difficulties with cognitive and behavioural functioning of preschoolers.

Open access

Dominika Stryjewsja, Krzysztof Kwoka, Paulina Szymanowska and Bożena Janda-Dębek

‒13. Tu Huynh, N., Doherty, S. T. (2007). Digital Sketch-Map Drawing as an Instrument to Collect Data about Spatial Cognition. Cartographica 42, (4), 285‒296. Tversky, B. (1993). Cognitive maps, cognitive collages and spatial mental models. In: A. Frank, I & Campari (eds.). Spatial Information Theory. A Theoretical Basis for GIS : European Conference, COSIT’93. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, s. 14‒24 Tversky, B. (2002). What do Sketches say about Thinking. Proceedings of AAAI Spring Symposium on Sketch Understanding, 205

Open access

Agnieszka Woźniewicz, Joanna Kalinowska, Małgorzata Anna Basińska and Bogdan Pietrulewicz

Abstract

Taking care of a paraplegic may contribute to the caregiver’s fatigue. Sixty family caregivers participated in our study, out of which 30 provided care for paraplegics in hospital, and 30 for paraplegics at home. The Orientation to Life Qestionnaire (SOC-29) was used to measure individual sense of coherence, The Life Orientation Test - Revised for dispositional optimism, The Polish Resiliency Assessment Scale for resiliency, and The Daily Life Fatigue Questionnaire for daily life fatigue. In order to collect data about caregivers an individual examination was applied. People with higher personal resource levels such as sense of coherence, optimism and resiliency are characterized by less severe daily life fatigue.

Open access

Dariusz Kuncewicz, Dorota Kuncewicz, Ewa Sokołowska and Jolanta Sobkowicz

Abstract

Our article describes and illustrates a procedure for isolating a hidden story from a monologue on an assigned topic. The procedure involves four stages: 1) collecting data and preparing transcripts; 2) identifying out-of-key elements; 3) analysing and interpreting a text by means of linguistic and literary theory devices; 4) formulating a hidden story. In deducing a hidden story from narratively out-of-key elements, the vital part was identifying the rules of speech and analysing the contexts in which they were used in the monologue. The hidden story was reconstructed as a one-level narrative pattern on the basis of information inferred from different contexts of using speech rules, as well as from information explicit in the monologue. Our article also discusses the theoretical and clinical value, and new trends in the research on hidden stories.

Open access

Asli Nazife Kaya and Seniz Cikis

Abstract

The aim of this study is to reveal relations between creativity in design and the cognitive developmental stages of designers within a Post-Piagetian approach. In this study design processes were deeply inspected with the aim of obtaining more comprehensive information about the effects of individual’s cognitive status on the design processes, problemsolving and quality of idea generation . In this field, studies done so far have been conducted on test results as indicators of creativity. Withinthe present study, however, protocol analyses were also evaluated, in addition to test results, and thanks to this addition, it was possible to determine the qualitative and quantitative effects of cognitive developmental stages on creativity. A total of twenty-five students voluntarily participated in the research. To collect data, two different methods were employed. The Social Paradigm Belief Inventory (SPBI), was employed to determine students' cognitive stages and scores, and the Think-aloud protocol was used to elicit verbal reports of the thought sequences of the students. In order to analyse the verbal reports reflecting designers' cognitive activities, the method of Linkography was conducted and the general statistics of segments were measured. To assess the relations between creativity in design and the cognitive developmental stages of the designers, SPBI scores and the general statistical values obtained from the design sessions were correlated. Findings showed that there is a strong and significant correlation between the cognitive development levels and creativity, in favour of dialectical thinking.

Open access

S.M. Yasir Arafat, M A Al Mamun and Md. Saleh Uddin

depression literacy status among the first year university students in a public university of Bangladesh. We conducted face to face interviews with D-Lit Bangla to collect data on depression literacy. Study Subjects: We selected the first-year university students who had completed 12 academic years. Respondents had basic education, were young, had not been in any specialized training, and thus, were unlikely to have an exposure to depression before. Instrument and Assessment: Data were collected by administrating a semi-structured questionnaire comprising socio

Open access

Dinesh Bhugra

-wetting, and we worked very well and he was getting better, but when I told him and the family that I was finishing and leaving, his problem returned. Here was a major lesson in ensuring that the task of termination in therapy begins with the first session. The placements also offered opportunities to teach medical students who were indeed a very impressive bunch. The use of ECT was selective, and under the Head of the Department, Leicester carried out a study on the use and effectiveness of ECT. I was involved in a study collecting data from patients under the supervision

Open access

Jenny Hufenreuter, Josephine Otto and Michael Linden

participants 5’-30’ Presentation of the RADL list (Recreational Activities of Daily Living), What is it about? Explanation of the general framework (activities despite impairment, What comes to my mind when filling in the list? completion of RADL list by each participant Collect ideas by of participants, support the exchange of personal experiences 30’-40’ Focus of collection on recreational activities in the past (each participant writes down at least 3 activities) Pencil and paper for each participant Support the exchange of experiences and give