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Open access

György Dupka

Abstract

In his paper, Gyorgy Dupka deals with the tragic fate of the Transcarpathian Hungarians and Germans deported for ‘a three-day labour’ in the period of 1944-1946. During the past twenty years, he succeeded in collecting and, in some measure, publicizing sufficient archival materials to open up the facts of the anomies committed by the Soviet military authorities in the fall of 1944 and at the beginning of 1945. All these facts are supported by cogent data and concrete names of the perpetrators. In his paper, the author shows primarily how in the light of the reports conceived by the NKVD and other Soviet central military administrations Order 0036 of the Military Council of the 4th Ukrainian Front was carried into effect.

Open access

Samer Al-Khateeb and Nitin Agarwal

Abstract

The inexpensive nature and wide availability of emerging media outlets, e.g. social networking sites and blogs makes them easy-to-use weapons, giving power and courage to individuals to form groups that are able to win or at least force concessions from stronger forces. Today, terrorist groups know that opinions can be influenced using networked media and this knowledge empowers and enables them to alienate their audience and sometimes provoke them into violent actions. To understand the strategic information manoeuvres used by such groups, e.g., trans-national terrorist groups, we study the channels (blogs, Twitter, etc.) and methods (e.g., influential actors/groups) they use to disseminate messages pertaining to recruitment, radicalization, and raising funds. We collect data from several sources, including over 130 blog websites known for pro-Russian propaganda for events such as the Crimean water crisis and Trident Juncture Exercise (TRJE 15). In addition to blogs, we collect data from Twitter for the above-mentioned events to study the crossinfluence of various social media platforms in conducting strategic information manoeuvres. The study shows that groups are able to spread their opinions and create emotional attitudes for their followers through the sophisticated and blended use of these network media platforms via powerful actors, trolls, and botnets. We design social and network science informed methodologies to study the sociotechnical behaviours of trolls and botnets and develop detection tools ready to be deployed for Cyber operations. The tools have been further tested in the information operations of ISIL, e.g., beheading of hostages in orange jump suits. This study helps identifying the actions needed to win this “battle of ideas”.

Open access

Laura Panades-Estruch

in Continuing Education , 26(2): 247-73. Feldman, D., 2013. Law in Politics, Politics in Law . Oxford: Hart Publishing. Fetterman, D.M., 2009. Ethnography. In: Bickman, L. and Rog, D.J., eds. The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods . 2nd ed. London: Sage. pp. 543-88. Gubrium, J.F. and Holstein, J.A., 2013. Analytic Inspiration in Ethnographic Fieldwork. In: Flick, U., ed, The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Data Analysis . Los Angeles: Sage. pp. 35-48. Guest, G., Namey, E.E. and Mitchell, M.L., 2013. Collecting Qualitative Data

Open access

Akm Ahsan Ullah

(1). Parrenas, R. S., 2001. Servants of Globalization: Women, Migration, and Domestic Work. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Price, L. S., 2005. Feminist Frameworks: Building Theory On Violence Against Women. Halifax: Fernwood Publishing. SCMP (South China Morning Post), 2014. Worldwide petition collects 103,000 signatures to end Hong Kong helper abuse. 28 April. Shuto, M., 2006. Labour Migration and Human Security in East and Southeast Asia. In: Kleinschmidt, H., ed. Migration, Regional Integration and Human

Open access

Zahid Shahab Ahmed

Qadri, Taseer’s murderer, as a hero. JI wholeheartedly supported its hero and campaigned for a presidential pardon for Qadri ( Gishkori 2011 ). In fact, JI used Qadri’s image, e.g. on banners, for collecting votes in UC 34 in Karachi ( The Express Tribune , 27 November 2015). This went in vain because JI’s candidate lost the elections against Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s Muhammad Sohail Anwar. This generally is the case with Islamists, who despite their ability to mobilise masses fail to achieve a significant political success. The Jamaat-e-Islami, a leading and the

Open access

Paul Blokker and Werner Reutter

Abstract

This special issue of Perspectives on Federalism collects papers mostly presented at the General Conference of the European Consortium of Political Research in September 2014. The issue contains five papers dealing with the role, the status, the dynamics, and the functions of sub-national constitutional politics and sub-national constitutionalism in a number of member states of the EU as well as in a comparative, non-EU perspective. Even though the papers take different perspectives on the topic at hand, they all engage with the contribution sub-national constitutions can make to democracy and the nationstate within as well as outside of Europe.

Open access

Alvija Sumskaite and Inga Juknyte-Petreikiene

Abstract

The article discusses the envisaged outcomes of internationalisation policy of higher education in the context of the European Higher Education Area, and the effect of internationalisation policy on quality in higher education. In Lithuania, internationalisation of higher education is supported by large amounts of public finance, in the hope that internationalisation will provide added value to the quality of higher education. However, there are no tools for collecting evidence of whether that investment is properly used. The research question of the study is how the internationalisation policy impact on quality in higher education and its influence on wider society may be measured in a particular national context. The article presents exploratory research findings based on an extensive literature review and views of policymakers, higher education administrators and academics evaluated as a set of indicators and criteria to be used in assessing the impact of internationalisation policy on quality in higher education and its influence on wider society.

Open access

Bianca Boştină-Bratu, Boştină-Bratu, Alina Gabriela Negoescu and Lucia Palea

Abstract

Advertising is a tricky business, which constantly becomes the subject of polemics and taboos. Opinions, whether positive or negative, tend to be very radical, and this can be noticed in the urban landscapes of certain metropolises around the world. The aim of this research is to analyze the nature, purpose, and consequences of outdoor advertising as perceived by the consumer side of the market. Therefore, the focus of the research in this paper is on the degree of acceptance, by consumers, of this communication medium, as well as on how it varies according to geographical location. The analytical methodology used to this effect involves the creation of a questionnaire aiming to collect micro-economic and psychographic data about consumers in three metropolises in different parts of the world. The conclusion of the research is that consumer perception of outdoor advertising is influenced by the geographical location, and its longevity depends on the way it will be carried out in the next few years.

Open access

Antje Witting

Abstract

Public hearings are frequently used on all levels of government to systematically collect and analyze information in the early stages of legislative policymaking. The methods currently employed measure knowledge utilization in this context by means of citation analysis of edited articles and/or reports that summarize the information shared at these meetings. By combining citation analysis and social network analysis, this article develops a methodology that can be used to capture citations in transcripts of public hearings that precede these reports. In order to demonstrate its strengths and weaknesses, the method is utilized to analyze the 2009 hearings that informed the 2010 House of Commons Transport Committee report on developing the capacity of major roads in the United Kingdom to meet the country’s strategic transport needs. The research shows a good degree of consistency between two independent coders who employed this method to distinguish citations from non-citations and classify the data. It is concluded that the method can be utilized to reliably measure knowledge utilization at public hearings, and that it can be employed in conjunction with research that focuses on measuring citations in memos, briefings, articles or reports integrating some of the evidence given at these meetings.

Open access

Giuseppe Martinico, Richard Albert, Antonia Baraggia and Cristina Fasone

Abstract

Canada is and will for the foreseeable future be a peaceful and prosperous liberal democracy whose Constitution Act, 1867, now 150 years old as of 2017, has become a model for the modern world. The Constitution of Canada has exerted considerable influence on other countries, particularly since the coming into force of its Constitution Act, 1982, which included the celebrated Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Just as Canada drew from foreign and international experiences in drafting its Charter, the world has learned a great deal from Canada, not only as to rights protections but also as to the separation of powers, the judicial function, and the structure of government.

In light of these impressive achievements, an international symposium on the Canadian Constitution was held in Pisa at the Scuola Sant’Anna under the auspices of the Sant’Anna Legal Studies project and with the support of the DIRPOLIS (Law, Politics and Development) Institute at the Scuola Sant’Anna, the Canadian Embassy in Italy, and the International Association of Constitutional Law. This special issue collects some of the papers presented on that occasion.