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Open access

Safa’a A. Al-Zeidaneen, Maha T. Hdaib, Yahya W. Najjar and Marwa A. Al-Zidaneen

Abstract

Background: The number of elderly people is increasing worldwide, and elevated body mass index is a common problem that occur with elderly people, which can be directly or indirectly affected by level of physical activity and gender. So, it is essential to study the effect of both physical activity and gender on body mass index in elderly people.

Material and methods: A cross-sectional, observational study was conducted on 120 elderly Jordanian people who live in Amman (62 women; 58 men) and evaluated for body mass index. Those participants were 40 elderly persons who attended the gym at least twice a week for the last 2 years, and 80 elderly who were home resident or physically inactive. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data about personal, social, health and life-style information including the daily activities and the anthropometric measurements for the study participants.

Results: The results of this study showed that as elderly people become physically inactive, their body mass index will increase to become as overweight or obese. The results of this study also showed that body mass index of 30 and more was associated with gender, with majority of female elderly (50%) having body mass index of 30 or more.

Conclusion: Physical activity should be maintained by both genders in order to prevent obesity, primarily in women as they are more likely to become obese that men. Furthermore, body mass index should not exceed 30 in elderly. Physical activity is essential in order to obtain healthy weight.

Open access

Floriana Elvira Ionică, Simona Negreș, Oana Cristina Șeremet and Cornel Chiriță

Abstract

Background and Aims: In the last three decades, obesity and its related co morbidities has quickly increased. Sometime, obesity was viewed as a serious health issue in developed countries alone, but now is recognized as a worldwide epidemic, and its associated costs are enormous. Obesity is related with various diseases, like hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), dyslipidemia, chronic cardiovascular diseases, respiratory conditions, alongside chronic liver diseases, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This review purpose is to provide data on the current anti-obesity drugs, also available and in the development. Material and Methods: We searched MEDLINE from 2006 to the present to collect information on the anti-obesity pharmacotherapy. Results and Conclusions: In the patients with obesity related comorbidities, there may be an adaptation of the anti-obesity pharmacotherapy to the patients’ needs, in respect to the improvements of the cardiometabolic parameters. Although their efficacy was proven, the anti-obesity pharmacotherapies have presented adverse events that require a careful monitoring during treatment. The main obstacle for approve new drugs seems to be the ratio between the risks and the benefits, because of a long-time background of perilous anti-obesity drugs.

Open access

Daniela Pătru, Silviu Daniel Preda, Agnesa Pcela, Călin Alexandru Voiculescu, Simona Dionisie and Maria Moța

Abstract

Background and Aims: The aim of this paper was to demonstrate the necessity to evaluate the needs of patients with type 2 diabetes (assessing degrees of dependency) and nursing intervention for each of the 14 fundamental needs of human beings. Material and

method: The study was prospective and interventional, with a focus on educational methods, conducted over a period of 12 months on a group of 100 patients with type 2 diabetes. The stages of the study were: signing the informed consent, collecting data on a „nursing sheet”, statistical processing and analysis of the obtained results. Results: The distribution of cases according to the total degree of dependence in carrying out the fundamental needs shows that, regardless of the stage of disease evolution, no cases of independence or total severe dependence were registered. On hospital admission, the number of minimum total dependence cases was lower than at discharge while the number of cases of average total dependence was higher on admission than at discharge, regardless of the stage of disease evolution. Conclusions: The assessment of the 14 fundamental needs of patients with diabetes is necessary to identify the degree of dependence, to plan nursing interventions and to apply individualized care for each patient.

Open access

Alexandra Sidor, Răzvan M. Cherecheș and Veronica A. Costea

-412, 2014. 35. Hieftje K, Duncan LR, Fiellin LE. Novel methods to collect meaningful data from adolescents for the development of health interventions. Health Promot Pract 15: 714-722, 2014. 36. Pedersen S, Grønhøj A, Thøgersen J. Following family or friends. Social norms in adolescent healthy eating. Appetite 86: 54-60, 2015. 37. Fitzgerald A, Heary C, Kelly C, Nixon E, Shevlin M. Self-efficacy for healthy eating and peer support for unhealthy eating are associated with adolescents‟ food intake patterns. Appetite 63: 48-58, 2013. 38

Open access

Yuqiao Wang, Ying Zhou and Zhiyuan Hu

and colleagues.[ 18 ] As negative enrichment relies on the depletion of red blood cell and white blood cell via anti-CD45 monoclonal antibody, which is independent of surface properties of CTCs, this approach achieves collecting a broader range of CTCs with high heterogeneity. NanoVelcro technology Taking highlights and drawbacks of previous work into account, in April 2016, Lin et al . from the University of California, Los Angeles, proposed and designed a thermosensitive CTC collecting device called NanoVelcro cell-affinity iChip assay. In the article

Open access

Ling Wang and Chandra Mohan

-enhancing area with vascularity. CEUS is also superior to color Doppler ultrasound in diagnosing renal infarction, because CEUS can detect slower flow in smaller blood vessels. Kidney abscesses can also be confirmed and followed up using CEUS [ 16 ]. Since contrast agents are not concentrated in the collecting system, CEUS assessment of kidney trauma cannot rule out pelvi-calyceal and ureteric injuries; therefore, CEUS may be better suited for limited injuries, or multiple solid organ traumas [ 17 ]. Renal Microvascular Perfusion Evaluation in Animal Models The

Open access

Stephanie M. Flaig, Vincent H. Gattone and Bonnie L. Blazer-Yost

decreased influx of Ca 2+ . In the renal epithelial cells of the distal nephron and cortical collecting duct, Ca 2+ influx inhibits adenylyl cyclase VI and activates the Ca 2+ -stimulated phosphodiesterase 1. The decreased intracellular Ca 2+ in ADPKD, therefore, leads to an increase in intracellular cAMP, a finding widely documented in cystic renal epithelia derived from preclinical cystic models and ADPKD patients. In the short term, the subsequent increase in protein kinase A (PKA) alters ion secretion, predominately via the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance

Open access

Nikolaos-Dimitrios Pantzaris, Christina Platanaki, Charalampos Pierrako, Vasilios Karamouzos and Dimitrios Velissaris

performed in all participants and the PaO2/FiO2 ratio was calculated. The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was computed from the CBC. The sepsis severity scores SOFA, APACHE II, and SAPS II were calculated after collecting all the required parameters. After discharge from the hospital, the total days of hospitalization for each patient were documented. Exclusion criteria for the study population were the use of antibiotics for more than 24 hours at the time of admission, conditions known to affect total and differential white blood cell count (WBC) counts such as

Open access

Richard A. Chazal

-world treatment adherence. It will also provide information about major complications of diabetes and understanding of treatment outcomes in sociocultural subgroups. The joint effort will bring the NHCS Asian Diabetes Outcomes Registry, known as ADORE, into partnership with the Diabetes Collaborative Registry, to create the first global, cross-specialty clinical diabetes registry. ADORE will collect comprehensive data for type 2 diabetes treatment patterns and outcomes throughout Asia with a goal to create a network of sites with thousands of patients in China, South Korea

Open access

Rajesh Kumar Wadhva, Muhammad Manzoorul Haque, Nasir Hassan Luck, Abbas Ali Tasneem, Zaigham Abbas and Muhammad Mubarak

is the gold standard method for staging and grading of liver disease, but it is an invasive procedure in which the frequency of pain at biopsy site is reportedly 20%, while the incidence of mortality and other serious complications have been reported to be 0.01% and 0.3–0.57% respectively.[ 20 - 21 ] On the other hand, liver biopsy represents only 1/50,000 portion of the entire liver, due to which error of sampling is a likely possibility. To overcome this limitation, it is essential to use a thick needle (18-G) and collect 2 or more samples of sufficient length