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Jozef Talapka, Ján Hlubík, Patrik Kamencay and Róbert Hudec

Abstract

The presented article is dealing with the new methods which are designated for data collection of mammals migrating across traffic networks. Nowadays, road construction and securing of older roads is usually accompanied by finding new solutions. Because of lack of collected data we have new opportunities how we can collect this input. The article below describes the most efficient method which is suitable for the model creation, process of creation and issues which are connected with the creation of simulations.

Open access

Sergey A. Kirsanov and Yevgeny N. Safonov

Abstract

The considerable problems in the provision of a transparent and clear system of settlement between the enterprises supplying housing and utilities services and the owners of flat buildings include the insufficient provision of metering devices, the absence of a system collecting and analysing this information and the data of the current balances of utilities, as well as the absence of a common data base of the residents. To solve the above-mentioned problems, it is necessary to implement strict normative requirements related to the application of the metering devices and arrange the uniform municipal bases of information resources, which would include the automated information collection, payment servicing of utility consumers in a single window, the control over the unsanctioned utility consumption, the data exchange with the branch state automated systems and other measures.

Open access

Ján Kortiš and Michal Gottwald

] Determination of temperature distribution in the cutting zone using hybrid analytical-FEM technique, W. Grzesik, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, Volume 46, Issue 6, May 2006, Pages 651-658. [4] http://www.dlsc.ca/solar_collect.htm. [5] http://stavebnictvo.sk/m/blogpost?id=6282648%3ABlogPost%3A65924.

Open access

Daniela Štaffenová, Ján Rybárik and Miroslav Jakubčík

Abstract

The aim of experimental research in the area of exterior walls and windows suitable for wooden buildings was to build special pavilion laboratories. These laboratories are ideally isolated from the surrounding environment, airtight and controlled by the constant internal climate. The principle of experimental research is measuring and recording of required physical parameters (e.g. temperature or relative humidity). This is done in layers of experimental fragment sections in the direction from exterior to interior, as well as in critical places by stable interior and real exterior climatic conditions. The outputs are evaluations of experimental structures behaviour during the specified time period, possibly during the whole year by stable interior and real exterior boundary conditions. The main aim of this experimental research is processing of long-term measurements of experimental structures and the subsequent analysis. The next part of the research consists of collecting measurements obtained with assistance of the experimental detached weather station, analysis, evaluation for later setting up of reference data set for the research locality, from the point of view of its comparison to the data sets from Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMU) and to localities with similar climate conditions. Later on, the data sets could lead to recommendations for design of wooden buildings.

Open access

Josipa Domitrović and Tatjana Rukavina

Abstract

The process of pavement maintenance and rehabilitation starts by collecting the data which will form the base for evaluation of pavement functional and structural condition. Collection of data can be performed by destructive and non-destructive testing. Usually preferred are the non-destructive methods, that do not damage the pavement, and the process of pavement evaluation is objective and repeatable. Non-destructive testing methods are becoming more and more popular, especially for assessing the structural condition of the pavement. Non-destructive testing by a Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) and the analysis of so collected data by the process of backcalculations is today the usual tool for assessing pavement bearing capacity. One of the basic input parameters for analysis of the data collected by FWD is pavement layers thickness.

The practice in Croatia is to determine pavement layers thickness by coring. This destructive method affects pavement integrity, so the number of such tests should be kept to the minimum. By coring the accurate thickness of all pavement layers is obtained on specific point locations. Thus, numerous deviations in layer thickness remain unnoticed, and in the end, use of such data for the process of backcalculations does not provide ac urate values of layer moduli. Coring can be replaced with non-destructive method of testing by Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), which provides continuous information on thickness of all pavement layers.

The paper shows the method for assessing the bearing capacity of the pavement based on the data collected by FWD, GPR and coring. The calculation for layer moduli was performed by the ELMOD software, separately for the layers thickness data obtained by coring, and separately for the thickness obtained by GPR tests. Analysis and comparison of the results of calculated elasticity moduli obtained by using various methods for collecting layer thickness data were performed in the paper.

Open access

Goran Kos, Predrag Brlek, Kristijan Meic and Kresimir Vidovic

Abstract

In terms of continual increase of number of traffic accidents and alarming trend of increasing number of traffic accidents with catastrophic consequences for human life and health, it is necessary to actively research and develop methods to combat these trends. One of the measures is the implementation of advanced information systems in existing traffic environment. Accidents clusters, as databases of traffic accidents, introduce a new dimension in traffic systems in the form of experience, providing information on current accidents and the ones that have previously occurred in a given period. This paper proposes a new approach to predictive management of traffic processes, based on the collection of data in real time and is based on accidents clusters. The modern traffic information services collects road traffic status data from a wide variety of traffic sensing systems using modern ICT technologies, creating the most accurate road traffic situation awareness achieved so far. Road traffic situation awareness enhanced by accident clusters' data can be visualized and distributed in various ways (including the forms of dynamic heat maps) and on various information platforms, suiting the requirements of the end-users. Accent is placed on their significant features that are based on additional knowledge about existing traffic processes and distribution of important traffic information in order to prevent and reduce traffic accidents.

Open access

Joanna A. Pawłowicz and Elżbieta Szafranko

Abstract

3D scanning is the most modern method of unlimited possibilities based on laser technology. Its main advantage is the speed of obtaining large amounts of data in a very short time, which gives a huge advantage over existing methods of the measuring. Scanning provides opportunities for use in engineering works, geodetic and the inventory of buildings and objects of a high complexity, as well as in studies of damage or deformation of the structure. 3D scanner is a device, which with high accuracy collects data about the shape and texture of the tested object and its surroundings in the form of a point cloud.

Open access

Andrzej Jędrczak

Abstract

In 2016, in EU Member States (EU), only less than half of the biowaste produced, i.e. around 40 million tonnes, was used to produce compost and, to some extent, biogas. Most of it was still incinerated or stored together with other waste. On 14 June 2018, amendments to 6 directives on waste management were published. One of the most important changes introduced in the Waste Framework Directive is the obligation for Member States to recycle biowaste at source or selectively collect it for composting or fermentation by 31 December 2023 at the latest. The article presents the potential of biowaste and its use for the production of compost and changes in directives concerning the handling of biowaste, which will shape the directions of development of this waste management in the EU after 2020. The composting and fermentation processes of biowaste were also compared, defining their advantages and disadvantages. This information can be helpful in the selection of technologies for its processing, making decisions on the construction of new or modernization of existing installations.