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Boualem Remini, Bachir Achour, Cheikh Ouled Belkhir and Dahmane Baba Amar

Abstract

This paper describes for the first time an original foggara, different from the classical foggara (foggara of Gourara) which collects water from the Intercalary Continental aquifer. Located in the middle of the Mzab River, this hydraulic system called the Mzab foggara is intended to exploit the flood waters. Two missions were carried in 2009 and 2010 in the Mzab Valley to describe the hydraulic system. The Mzab foggara constitutes of a gallery of ovoid form 200 m long equipped with 9 air shafts and a 900 m long seguia. The foggara of the Mzab River can drain water flow of 5 m3·s-1 to irrigate western part of the palm plantation of Ghardaia (located 600 km south of Algiers).

Open access

Ilze Miķelsone

Abstract

Social engagement and public participation is perceived as emerging social concern and coincidental annoyance for architects during the design and building processes. In the development of objects of public importance, especially those of ambiguous assessments, the knowledge of participatory methods, institutional support options, and knowledge of public relations and media literacy becomes an important element in contemporary architectural practice. Latvia’s legislation ensures standard public participation procedure in a unified system within the attribute of “significant architectural object”. This study attempts to recognize the origin and structure of multi-layered topic when the involvement of a wider public is applied in the development of architectural objects. It collects generally known major failures and maps component attributes within three stages. The Conclusion presents several observations on main research question, – how the development of notable architectural objects in the local market is de facto affected by engagement of wider public.

Open access

Zenon Koter and Agata Kusto

Instrumenty muzyczne w prywatnych zbiorach muzyków ludowych na Lubelszczyźnie. Z badań nad tradycją muzyczną regionu

Open access

Piotr Majewski

Pojęcie metafory w języku polskiej krytyki artystycznej w drugiej połowie lat pięćdziesiątych XX wieku

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Joanna Jemielnik

System wartości młodzieży kształcącej się muzycznie. Na przykładzie studentów Akademii Muzycznej w Łodzi i Wydziału Artystycznego UMCS

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Ewa Letkiewicz

Recepcja antyku w biżuterii Europy u progu czasów nowożytnych

Open access

Vasile Loghin

Abstract

Copernicus is an operational program of the European Union for environmental monitoring and civil security. It provides services for collecting, processing and distributing data from Earth observation satellites and network measurements (records) onsite. Copernicus services covers six thematic areas: atmosphere, climate, oceans and seas, the continental emergencies and civil security.

Information can be accessed free of charge on specific websites (www.copernicus.eu) by public institutions / national and international organizations, the scientific community, to be used in developing appropriate policies on the environment and civil security.

Open access

Aleksandra Mierzejowska and Monika Żogała

Abstract

From the beginning of human existence, man collected and analysed information about the space that surrounded him. Nowadays, due to the huge amount of data, it would be impossible without geographic information systems. According to the definition, the main function of GIS (Geographic Information Systems) is to collect, process, integrate, analyse and present data directly collected in the database or obtained through analysis. The basis of each information system’s functioning is the collection of relevant data about real-world objects, in terms of their completeness, quality and reliability. Due to the very rapid development of information technology, GIS systems have found a wide application, eg. in spatial planning, real estate management, administration, infrastructure management and many other areas of life. The authors within the article have made a detailed review of the current using of GIS, with particular emphasis on the mining industry. In the latter, particular attention was focused on the use of this type of tools to monitor and analyse the effects of mining activities. At the same time, the authors indicated new possibilities related to the application of geographic information systems in this branch.

Open access

Chokri Bedoui

Abstract

This study was conducted with a view to quantifying soil erosion in arid lands of Tunisia. To do this, we have opted to use the RUSLE model based on geographic information systems. By collecting data on rainfall, soils, vegetation, slopes and conservation practices separately as a layer and determining the pixel values for each of these factors, a quantified assessment of erosion in the basin is obtained. The data superposition and computing, following the model equations and protocol, allowed us to know the spatialized water erosion values at the pixel level. For the whole catchment, the study showed values oscillating between 0 and 163 Mgꞏha−1ꞏyear−1 with an average annual rate of 3 Mgꞏha−1ꞏyear−1. With such a low R (rainfall erosivity) factor (between 21.43 and 21.88 MJꞏmmꞏha–1ꞏh–1ꞏyear–1) itself related to low monthly and annual rainfall amounts, the region experiences locally very high annual erosion rates. Soil protection through conservation practices has saved the basin from even higher erosion. While plains cultivated and equipped with contour benches often suffer from low rates of erosion (less than 2 Mg·ha–1·year–1), unused slopes are neglected without protection, resulting in significantly high rates of erosion.

Open access

Boualem Remini

fromqanats in Algeria. Irrigation and Drainage Systems. Vol. 25. No. 4 p. 293–306. DOI: 10.1007/S10795-012-9125-6. R emini B., A chour B., K echad R. 2014a. The collecting of groundwater by the qanats: A millennium technique decaying. Larhyss Journal. No. 20 p. 259–277. R emini B., A chour B., O ouled B elkhir C., B aba A mar D. 2012b. The Mzab foggara: An original technique for collecting the water rising. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 16 p. 49–53. R emini B., R ezoug C., A chour B. 2014b. The foggara of Kenadsa (Algeria