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discipline political misbehavior through frequent elections, and the limited scope of government itself would help to suppress corruption.
Successful candidates for congressional seats have some combination of the following characteristics: expertise in campaign strategy and operations, high levels of name recognition, sufficient funding to purchase advertising and other campaign resources, local support groups (e.g., parties or interests) willing to help with canvassing, and positions on high-salience issues that are consistent with those of a majority of voters in the
never mentioned, when we heard this case. It was the dominance of advertising, not only in elections but also in the formation of political opinion, in the United States of America...”. Cf . Harper v. Canada (Attorney General)  1 SCR 827. Unlimited election expenditures by anyone, like Trump, diminish other people’s freedom. Other people’s voices are drowned out in scarce media resources by those with the deepest pockets. This may be changing through the internet, which could allow an essentially unlimited supply of discourse so long as network monopolies on
, Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444 (1969). obscenity, Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973). and advertising regulation, Central Hudson Gas & Electric v. Public Service Comm., 447 U.S. 557 (1980). for example, but has not constructed a consistent approach to evaluating matters of truth and falsity, and their merits as contributors to communication in a democratic society. Such a concern has been highlighted in relatively recent decisions as justices have devoted portions of opinions to justifications of protections of truth and reciprocal concerns regarding falsity
consistently enough (especially items i and ii) to constitute a coherent model and be perceived as such in other European and non-European countries.
While academics emphasize economic and social policy, Nordic countries are also identified with various behavioral or cultural traits, including a high degree of women’s equality, progressive environmental policy, and a culture of innovation, especially in design and high technology (high-tech) ( Hilson (2008) ). Although these concerns are genuine, they have also been marketed very aggressively, with locally based