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Vahap Atilla Oğuşgil

’s Police Union: The regulation has nothing to do with the EU and Germany], Diken, 19 February 2015. Retrieved from http://www.diken.com.tr/almanya-polis-sendikasi-baskani-turkiyedekidurumun-abyle-almanyayla-alakasi-yok/ [accessed Dec 2015] Yenisey, F. (1995), İnsan Hakları Açısından Arama, Elkoyma, Yakalama ve İfade Alma [Search, seizure, arrest and statement taking with regards to human rights], Ankara: Ankara University, The Faculty of Political Sciences Human Rights Center. Yılmaz, G. & Soyaltın, D. (2014), “Zooming into the ‘domestic

Open access

Silviu Jîrlăianu

Abstract

Romania's participation in European Community imposed realities of our country harmonization of national legislation in relation to Community law. Such national legislation, in terms of criminal procedure were introduced through preventive measures, house arrest, judicial and Judicial control on bail. In relation to the same European context, Romanian police set up surveillance units of judicial duties in order to enforce these measures.

Open access

Virtual Tour of the Gulag

The Only Accessible Gulag Museum, The Gulag.cz Association, Czech Republic

Stépán Cernousek

Abstract

The study presents a virtual tom of the Gulag camp (www.gulag.cz <http://www.gulag.cz>), which consists of the 3D visualization of the labour camp and the panoramic toms of all types of barracks. It is a unique opportunity to familiarize with the conditions, to see how Gulag camps really looked like, especially as there is no museum built from former Gulag camps in Russia today. The description of everyday life in the camp is illustrated by witnesses’ testimonies. The tour is accompanied by a general overview of the Gulag system and the stories of Czechoslovak, Hungarian, and Polish citizens arrested in the Gulag. The virtual tour is the result of three Czech expeditions to the furthest flung parts of Siberia (in 2009, 2011, and 2013), aiming to map what has remained of the abandoned Gulag camps in those areas.

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Piotr Łysakowski

1944 [Moscow and Poland - chiefs of the underground movement arrested - wire report]. Polnische Anklage Gegen die Hetzer - Sie fuehlen sich von den falschen Freunden im Stich gelassen, 24th August 1944 [Polish indictment of the rabble-rouser - Th ey feel let down by the false friends in the lurch]. Schwere Kaempfe nordoestlich Warschau, Sowjets verloren im Juli 4158 Panzer und 1329 Flugzeuge, 4th August 1944 [Heavy fi ghting north-east of Warsaw - Soviets lost in July 4158 tanks and 1329 aircraft]. Sie gelten als

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Anna Kobierecka

://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26606097 , 16 March 2014. Crimean parliament passes independence declaration http://www.ukrinform.ua/eng/news/crimean_parliament_passes_independence_declaration_318394 , 11 March 2014. Swedish TV team freed by Russian military , http://www.thelocal.se/20140317/swedish-tv-team-arrested-by-russians-in-ukraine , 17 March 2014. Ukraine crisis: Putin signs Russia-Crimea treaty, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26630062 , 18 March 2014. EU door still open for Ukraine: Swedish MEP, http://www.thelocal.se/20131209/eu

Open access

Jan Hanska

. Such use could be “harmless” and “arresting” while simultaneously “intimidating”, and thus, it has been called a “shot across the bow” ( Kahn 1962 : p. 213; Schelling 1965 : pp. 178–179). At best, it might arrest aggression, and by creating a spectacle, it could even theoretically preempt further use of nuclear weapons and serve to strengthen the nuclear taboo ( Quester 2006 : p. 65). However, there are also advocates of the idea that this spectacular show of force could be conducted against the conventional forces of the enemy. Among them, Beaufre (1965) wrote

Open access

Denisa Barbu

-629,2014. [4] According to article. 202paragraphs 1-3 and article 223 of the Criminal Procedure Code „the measure of preventive arrest is necessary in order to ensure the proper course of the criminal process, in order to prevent the accused from avoiding prosecution or judgment, in order to prevent committing another offence ... the deprivation of liberty is necessary for the elimination of a threat to public order...” [5] ECHR, judgment Fox, Campbell and Hartley vs. the United Kingdom, the decision of 30 august 1990. [6] According to the article 324 paragraph

Open access

Jesenko Tešan and Joan Davison

Abstract

This paper examines the source and consequences of permanent liminality in the political-legal administration of the Byzantine Empire. The paper argues ambiguous and incomplete identities of individuals, groups, and society associated with certain authoritarian political arrangements and consequent arrested liminal period(s) contributed to the decline of the Empire. Further, and significantly, the unresolved situation of disaggregated identity, or spirited away demos, persisted in the Ottoman Era and continues to infect contemporary socio-political affairs in regions in the Balkans and other countries of the former Soviet Union which now seek to balance the interests of a nation-state with the diversity of Europe. The paper does not consider the Orthodox Spirit, but rather analyzes the role of pseudo-intellectuals and sophists who derail the democratic and philosophical Hellenist traditions with authoritarian policies and tools. The research compares and links the institutional attempts of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires to manage and manipulate differences and distinctions through mechanisms such as theatricalization and the millets. The argument concludes that these strategies created the basis for the perpetualization of the sick man of Europe to the extent they focused on juggling the distinctions and identities of the empires rather than pursuing the development of the democratic self. Thus, in liminality is revealed and contained undead and viral authoritarian spirits, sometimes manifested in populist or extremist ethnic leaders, whose technologies trick the demos and disrupt the democratic imagination.

Open access

Yevhen Pysmenskyy

zhurnalista: avtoreferat dysertatsii (doktor yurydychnykh nauk). Kharkivskyi natsionalnyi universytet vnutrishnikh sprav. Prosecutor General’s Office of Ukraine (PGO), 2017. The head of the internet-publication Strana.UA’ and his accomplice are arrested on suspicion of extortion. 23 June [online]. Available at: http://www.gp.gov.ua/ua/news.html?_m=publications&_t=rec&id=210666&fp=50 (Accessed 4 July 2017). Prystupenko, T., 2008. Svoboda slova ta zhurnalistska etyka v Ukraini. Uchenyie zapiski Tavricheskogo natsionalnogo universiteta imeni V

Open access

Ihsan Yilmaz, Greg Barton and James Barry

could be blocked, the homes of journalists raided by police for posting a tweet, and the freedom of the editor-in-chief of the country’s bestselling daily could be restricted for days on end because of a single column, and the CEO of a television station could be arrested due to the script of a fictional TV series. The net effect of these changes has seen Turkey rapidly spiral downwards to become a country where the principle of accountability has very little meaning, at least for those associated with Erdoğan. Instead, the state-supported building contractor system