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Endre Zima

References 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Statespecific mortality from sudden cardiac death - United States, 1999, MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 2002;51:123-6. 2. Myerburg RJ, Castellanos A. Cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death. Braunwald E, ed. Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders; 1997:742-779. 3. de Vreede-Swagemakers JJ, Gorgels AP, Dubois-Arbouw WI, et al. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the 1990’s: a populationbased study in the

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Monica Marton-Popovici and Dietmar Glogar

REFERENCES 1. Go AS, Mozaffarian D, Roger VL, et al. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2014 Update. Circulation. 2014;129:e28-e292. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.0000441139.02102.80 2. Berdowski J, Berg RA, Tijssen JG, Koster RW. Global incidences of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and survival rates: Systematic review of 67 prospective studies. Resuscitation. 2010;81:1479-1487. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.08.006. 3. Fukuda T, Ohashi-Fukuda N, Kondo Y, Sera T, Doi K, Yahagi N. Epidemiology, Risk Factors, and Outcomes of Out

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IA Nechifor-Boila, H Suciu, Loghin Andrada, Borda Angela, A Maier, Martha Orsolya and C Chibelean

arrest. BJU Int, 2006;98:289-297. 15. Pouliot F, Shuch B, Larochelle JC, Pantuck A, Belldegrun AS. Contemporary management of renal tumors with venous tumor thrombus. J Urol, 2010;184:833-841.

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Theodora Benedek, Monica Marton Popovici and Dietmar Glogar

, et al. Favourable survival of in-hospital compared to out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: an Italian tertiary care centre experience. Resuscitation. 2012;83:579-83. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.10.013. 6. Dworschak M. Is extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest superior compared with conventional resuscitation? Crit Care Med. 2013;41:1365-6. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31828044c0. 7. Le Guen M, Nicolas-Robin A, Carreira S, et al. Extracorporeal life

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Shane Belvedere

arteriovenous fistula can be attempted [ 1 ]. Adjunctive measures include placement of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter, and fasciotomy [ 8 ]. Given the high incidence of PE with PCD, IVC filter placement is an important measure to prevent further PE that may be a complication of treatment. Case report A previously healthy 46-year-old male, on no medications, presented following a pulseless electrical activity (PEA) arrest after collapsing at home. He was resuscitated and had the return of spontaneous circulation before arriving at the nearby tertiary care hospital

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Evelin Szabó, Diana Opincariu, Zsolt Parajkó, Noémi Mitra, Theodora Benedek and Imre Benedek

, Agewall S, et al. 2017 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation. Eur Heart J . 2018;39:119-177. 5. Khera S, Kolte D, Gupta T, et al. Temporal Trends and Sex Differences in Revascularization and Outcomes of ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction in Younger Adults in the United States. J Am Coll Cardiol . 2015;66:1961-1972. 6. Atwood C, Eisenberg MS, Herlitz J, Rea TD. Incidence of EMS-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Europe. Resuscitation . 2005;67:75-80. 7. Dumas F

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Wojciech Dyk, Piotr Wolski, Piotr Szatkowski, Eugeniusz Szpakowski and Andrzej Biederman

Deep Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest During Pulmonary Thrombendarterectomy in Patients with Chronic Thrombembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

Chronic thrombembolic pulmonary hypertension is a rare complication of acute pulmonary embolism. Narrowing or closure of pulmonary arteries is the cause of pulmonary hypertension and results in right ventricular overload and failure. The treatment of choice is pulmonary thrombendarterectomy. Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest is a very important factor required for complete removal of the thrombembolic material from the pulmonary arteries during the operation.

The aim of the study was the evaluation of the effectiveness of the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during pulmonary thrombendarterectomy in patients with chronic thrombembolic pulmonary hypertension.

Material and methods. Between October 1995 and October 2006 seventy patients were operated on. All of them were operated on with the use of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Deep hypothermia (18-19°C), pharmacotherapy, and neuromonitoring were used as a protection of the central nervous system during circulatory arrest.

Results. In fifty-seven patients out of seventy, complete thrombendarterectomy was performed (more than 75% of branches opened). The average pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance were decreased, and cardiac output and index were increased. Six patients died (8.6%).

Conclusions. Complete thrombendarterectomy gives significant hemodynamical improvement in patients undergoing the operation. Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest during the operation does not cause significant neurological complications. Incomplete thrombendarterectomy may be the cause of right ventricular failure and death after the operation.

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Andreea Bărcan, Monica Chițu, Edvin Benedek, Nora Rat, Szilamer Korodi, Mirabela Morariu and Istvan Kovacs

;8:8032-41. 10. Park JS, Cha KS, Lee DS, et al. Culprit or multivessel revascularisation in ST-elevation myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock. Heart. 2015;101:1225-32. 11. Mylotte D, Morice MC, Eltchaninoff H, et al. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, and cardiogenic shock: the role of primary multivessel revascularization. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2013;6:115-25. 12. Ostenfeld S, Lindholm MG, Kjaergaard J, et al. Prognostic implication of out

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Raluca M. Tat, Adela Golea, Ştefan C. Vesa and Daniela Ionescu

Introduction Despite fifty years of research, cardiac arrest (CA) and complications resulting from hypoxic organ injury, remains one of the most significant challenges faced by physicians, knowing that the vast majority of patients with CA have an unfavourable prognosis with a higher chance of death and severe neurological disabilities [ 1 , 2 , 3 ]. In the last few years, efforts have been focused on the best way to detect those patients who have a chance to survive and to recover. In an attempt to identify patients who survived after resuscitated CA

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Jasna Jevdjic, Filip Zunic and Bojan Milosevic

References 1. Atwood C, Eisenberg MS, Herlitz J, Rea TD. Incidence of EMS-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Europe. Resuscitation 2005; 67:75-80. 2. Nurnberger A, Sterz F, Malzer R, et al. Out of hospital cardiac arrest in Vienna: Incidence and outcome. Resustitation 2013; 84:42-47. 3. Adrie C, Adib-Conquy M, Laurent I et al. Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation after cardiac arrest as a “sepsis-like” syndrome. Circulation 2002;106:562-8. 4. Nolan JP, Soar J, Cariou A, Cronberg T