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Silviu Jîrlăianu

Abstract

Romania's participation in European Community imposed realities of our country harmonization of national legislation in relation to Community law. Such national legislation, in terms of criminal procedure were introduced through preventive measures, house arrest, judicial and Judicial control on bail. In relation to the same European context, Romanian police set up surveillance units of judicial duties in order to enforce these measures.

Open access

Esa Österberg

References Ahlström, S. & Österberg, E. (1981): Juopumuspidätystiedot alkoholihaittojen ja juomatapojen kehityksen kuvaajina Suomessa vuosina 1960-1978 (Arrests for drunkenness as indicators of alcohol problems and patterns of drinking in Finland in 1960-1978). Reports from the Social Research Institute of Alcohol Studies, No. 145, Helsinki Oy Alko Ab (1951-1976 & 1985): Alkon vuosikirja 1950-1975 & 1984 (Statistical Yearbook of Alko 1950-1975 & 1984). Helsinki Backström, Y. (1966

Open access

Emily Segal

). Crisis intervention teams may prevent arrests of people with mental illnesses. Police Practice and Research, 12 (3), 265-272. Gur, O. (2010). Persons with mental illness in the criminal justice system: police intervention to prevent violence and criminalization. Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations, 10 (1/2), 220-240. Hafemeister, T., Garner, S., & Bath, V. (2012). Forging links and renewing ties: applying the principles of restorative and procedural justice to better respond to criminal offenders with a mental disorder. Buffalo Law Review, 60 (1), 147

Open access

Lars Fynbo

ABSTRACT

AIM - This article explores how young Danish drunk (and drug) drivers relate to the risk of driving under the influence (DUI). DESIGN - The study is based on qualitative interviews with 25 convicted drunk drivers who in 2010 participated in mandatory alcohol and traffic safety courses. The analysis follows Stephen Lyng’s concept of “edgework”, focusing on volitional risk taking and its effect on the acting individual’s self-identity. RESULTS - Drawing on the interviewees’ accounts of being arrested for drunk driving, the analysis discusses three different categories of young drunk drivers. Those in the first category view a DUI arrest as a loss of control and a reminder of the risk of DUI. Those in the second present DUI as a reaction to what they perceive as untenable social demands. Those in the third see loss of control - such as causing a traffic accident - as the ultimate way of claiming control over their lives. CONCLUSION - The study shows that young drunk drivers have different associations with DUI-related risks. The more constrained they feel in relation to society, the more likely it is that they will divorce negative experiences related to DUI such as being arrested or causing a traffic accident.

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Daniel Boduszek, Catherine O’Shea, Katie Dhingra and Philip Hyland

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the number of latent classes of criminal social identity that exist among male recidivistic prisoners. Latent class analysis was used to identify homogeneous groups of criminal social identity. Multinomial logistic regression was used to interpret the nature of the latent classes, or groups, by estimating the associationsto number of police arrests, recidivism, and violent offending while controlling for current age. The best fitting latent class model was a five-class solution: ‘High criminal social identity’ (17%), ‘High Centrality, Moderate Affect, Low Ties’ (21.7%), ‘Low Centrality, Moderate Affect, High Ties’ (13.3%),‘Low Cognitive, High Affect, Low Ties’ (24.6%), and ‘Low criminal social identity’ (23.4%). Each of the latent classes was predicted by differing external variables. Criminal social identity is best explained by five homogenous classes that display qualitative and quantitative differences.

Open access

Imola Antal, Júlia Szigeti and Maria Stoleru

. Messner, Anthony W. Hoskin and Glenn Deane. 2002. Reasons for reporting and not reporting domestic violence to the police. Criminology 40 (3): 617-647. Gallup Organization. 2000. Gender Barometer. Open Society Foundation. Gallup Organization. 2003. Survey on Violence Against Women in Bucharest. http://www.gallup.ro/download/VAW-Bucharest_2003.pdf Garner, Joel H. and Christopher D. Maxwell. 2000. What Are the Lessons of the Police Arrest Studies? Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma 4 (1): 83

Open access

Christopher G. Robbins and Serhiy Kovalchuk

Books Fowler, D . (2010) . Texas’ school-to-prison pipeline: Ticketing, arrest, and use of force in schools-how the myth of the “Blackboard Jungle" reshaped school disciplinary policy. Austin, TX: Texas Appleseed . George, M . P. , White, G . P. , & Schlaffer, J . J . (2007) . Implementing school-wide behavior change: Lessons from the field. Psychology in the Schools, 44(1), 41-51 . Giroux, H . A . (2011) . Education and the crisis of public values: Challenging the attack on teachers, students, and public education. NY: Peter Lang

Open access

Danuta Rode, Magdalena Rode and Maciej Januszek

acts in the family. Problems of Forensic Science vol. LXXXIV, 336-355 Rode, D. (2011): Characteristics of domestic violence offenders. In: Mandal E. (Ed.): Masculinity and Femininity In Everyday Life (pp. 71-88). Katowice: University of Silesia Press. Simmons, C., Lehmann, P., Cobb, N., & Fowler, C. (2005). Personality profiles of women and men arrested for domestic violence: an analysis of similarities and differences. In F. Buttell & M. Carney (Eds.), Women who perpetrate relationship violence (pp. 63-83). New York: Haworth Press

Open access

Roma Chumak-Horbatsch

research in Education , 24, 1-5. Rodriguez, R. (1982). Hunger for Memory. The education of Richard Rodriguez. New York: Dial Press. Schiff-Meyers, N. B. (1992). Considering arrested language development and language loss in the assessment of second language learners. Language, Speech and Hearing Services in Schools , 23, 28-33. Shin, S. (2005). Developing in two languages: Korean children in America. Tonawanda, NY: Multilingual Matters. Silverstein, M. (1979

Open access

Josefin Månsson

caught up in drugs – now she issues a warning on the widespread misuse among youth]. Expressen . Küchler, T. (2012, July 24). Cannabis kan rädda otursdrabbade byn [Cannabis can save the village dogged by bad luck]. Svenska Dagbladet . Nordgren, M. (2002, October 5). “Utan tvekan ger det ett beroende” [“No doubt that it causes addiction”]. Dagens Nyheter . Samuelsson, J. (2002, January 21). Sex gripna vid narkotikatillslag [Six arrested at drug bust]. Sydsvenskan . Sydsvenskan (2012, July 8). Lundabo åtalas för knarkbrott [Lund