References 1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Statespecific mortality from sudden cardiac death - United States, 1999, MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 2002;51:123-6. 2. Myerburg RJ, Castellanos A. Cardiac arrest and sudden cardiac death. Braunwald E, ed. Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders; 1997:742-779. 3. de Vreede-Swagemakers JJ, Gorgels AP, Dubois-Arbouw WI, et al. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the 1990’s: a populationbased study in the
Theodora Benedek, Monica Marton Popovici and Dietmar Glogar
, et al. Favourable survival of in-hospital compared to out-of-hospital refractory cardiac arrest patients treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: an Italian tertiary care centre experience. Resuscitation. 2012;83:579-83. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.10.013. 6. Dworschak M. Is extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest superior compared with conventional resuscitation? Crit Care Med. 2013;41:1365-6. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e31828044c0. 7. Le Guen M, Nicolas-Robin A, Carreira S, et al. Extracorporeal life
arteriovenous fistula can be attempted [ 1 ]. Adjunctive measures include placement of an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter, and fasciotomy [ 8 ]. Given the high incidence of PE with PCD, IVC filter placement is an important measure to prevent further PE that may be a complication of treatment. Case report A previously healthy 46-year-old male, on no medications, presented following a pulseless electrical activity (PEA) arrest after collapsing at home. He was resuscitated and had the return of spontaneous circulation before arriving at the nearby tertiary care hospital
Andreea Bărcan, Monica Chițu, Edvin Benedek, Nora Rat, Szilamer Korodi, Mirabela Morariu and Istvan Kovacs
;8:8032-41. 10. Park JS, Cha KS, Lee DS, et al. Culprit or multivessel revascularisation in ST-elevation myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock. Heart. 2015;101:1225-32. 11. Mylotte D, Morice MC, Eltchaninoff H, et al. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with acute myocardial infarction, resuscitated cardiac arrest, and cardiogenic shock: the role of primary multivessel revascularization. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2013;6:115-25. 12. Ostenfeld S, Lindholm MG, Kjaergaard J, et al. Prognostic implication of out
Theodora Benedek and Mariann Gyöngyösi
References 1. Kern KB. Optimal Treatment of Patients Surviving Out-of- Hospital Cardiac Arrest. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2012;5:597-605. 2. Steg G, James SK, Atar D, et al. ESC Guidelines for the management of acute myocardial infarction in patients presenting with ST-segment elevation The Task Force on the management of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction of the European Society of Cardiology. Eur Heart J. 2012;33:2569-619. 3. Bernard SA, Gray TW, Buist MD, et al. Treatment of comatose survivors of
Bărcan Andreea, Rat Nora and Orzan Marius
References 1. Schwartz BG, Kloner RA, Thomas JL, et al - Therapeutic hypothermia for acute myocardial infarction and cardiac arrest. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Aug 1;110(3):461-6. 2. Luscombe Mark, Andrzejowsk John - Clinical applications of induced hypothermia. Contin Educ Anaesth Crit Care Pain, 2006, 6(1):23-27, doi: 10.1093/bjaceaccp/mki0. 3. Katz LM, Frank JE, Glickma1. n LT, Jr GM, Lambdrt BH, Gordon CJ. Effect of a Pharmacologically Induced Decrease in Core Temperature in Rats Resuscitated from Cardiac Arrest
Pascal Meier, Alexandra J. Lansky and Andreas Baumbach
infarction. N Engl J Med 2010;362:2155-65.  Nolan JP, Lyon RM, Sasson C, et al. Advances in the hospital management of patients following an out of hospital cardiac arrest. Heart 2012;98:1201-6.  Fothergill RT, Watson LR, Chamberlain D, et al. Increases in survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a five year study. Resuscitation 2013;84:1089-92.  Stone GW, Maehara A, Witzenbichler B, et al. Intracoronary abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy in patients with large anterior myocardial infarction
Vera Spiroska, Emilija Hristova and Sasko Kedev
Background: Noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium is a rare, unclassified cardiomyopathy due to an arrest of myocardial morphogenesis. The characteristic echocardiographic findings consist of multiple, prominent myocardial trabeculations and deep intertrabecular spaces communicating with the left ventricular cavity.
Aim: The aim of this report was to present the first case of noncompaction cardiomyopathy with bicuspid aortic valve in Republic of Macedonia.
Case Report: A 19-year-old male with the diagnosis of syncope, tachycardia with arrhythmia, and chest pain was referred to the University Clinic of Cardiology for the echocardiography. Transthoracic echocardiography showed bicuspid aortic valve with normal left ventricular (LV) dimensions and normal systolic function. Mild thickening of the aortic valve cusps and mild aortic regurgitation was found. In addition to these echocardiographic findings, prominent muscular trabeculations and deep intertrabecular spaces communicating with the ventricular cavity were observed in the infero-postero-lateral region, apical and septal portion of the LV chamber.
Conclusion: We described first case of combination of left ventricular noncompaction and bicuspid aortic valve in 19-year-old male in the Republic of Macedonia.
, 2010:5-7. 4. Physician Fee Schedule. http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Medicare-Fee-for-Service-Payment. Accessed on 10-Dec-2012. 5. Doctors, Nurses, Therapists Arrested For Medicare Fraud. http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/federal-agents-raided-healthcare-facilities-states-morning/story?id=12940819#.UMUm7INTw1k. Accessed on 10-Dec-2012. 6. Tanne JH. US charges 107 medical professionals with $452 m in fraudulent bills to Medicare. BMJ 2012;344:e3278.
Fatma Demiray, Emre Korkut, Onur Gezgin, Yağmur Şener and Büşra Bostancı
References 1. Adams FH, Oliver CP. Hereditary deformities in man due to arrested development. J Hered, 1945; 36:3–7. 2. Lin AE, Westgate MN, Van der Velde ME, Lacro RV, Holmes LB. Adams-Oliver syndrome associated with cardiovascular malformations. Clin Dysmorphol, 1998; 7:235–241. 3. Digilio MC, Marino B, Dallapiccola B. Autosomal dominant inheritance of aplasia cutis congenita and congenital heart defect: a possible link to the Adams-Oliver syndrome. Am J Med Genet A, 2008; 146A:2842–2844. 4. Snape KM, Ruddy D, Zenker M, Wuyts W