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Z. S. Bondarenko and O. I. Zinenko

Abstract

Capture-mark-recapture data was used to infer growth rates of the Nikolsky’s viper, Vipera berus nikolskii (Vedmederja, Grubant et Rudaeva, 1986), in the Eastern Ukraine. We have found that growth rate is negatively correlated with age. The difference in growth rates before maturation is not significant between different sexes. Growth rates decrease rapidly after maturation in males and females, however adult males retain significantly higher average growth rates. There is large dispersion of growth rates in the group of adult females, which is caused, probably, by alteration of complete arrest of growth in the years with reproduction and more intensive growth in the years without it. Asymptotic snout-ventral length estimated after Von Bertalanffy model was 680 mm in females and 630 mm in males. Females mature after fifth and males mature after fourth hibernation. The larger females in vipers can not be the result of higher growth rates in females, but are the outcome of a combination of other factors including different maturation time and size (older and being larger), and, perhaps, longer life span due to lower mortality. Growth rates of the Nikolsky’s viper in the nature are higher than in other species in the group of small Eurasian vipers.

Open access

Krzysztof Olszewski, Grzegorz Borsuk, Piotr Dziechciarz, Łukasz Wójcik and Jerzy Paleolog

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Farheen Jameel, Priyanka Agarwal, Mohd. Arshad and Mohd. Serajuddin

References Ahamad M.S., Siddiqui S., Jafri A., Ahmad S., Afzal M., Arshad M. 2014 - Induction of apoptosis and antiproliferative activity of naringenin in human epidermoid carcinoma cell through ROS generation and cell cycle arrest - PlOS One 9(10): e110003. Almatsier S. 2003 - Basic Principles of Nutrition - Gramedia Pustaka Utama (in Indonesian). Arita K., Kobuchi H., Utsumi T., Takehara Y., Akiyama J., Horton A.A., Utsumi K. 2001 - Mechanism of apoptosis in HL-60 cells induced by n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids - Biochem. Pharmacol

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Paweł Śledziński, Agnieszka Nowak, Joanna Zeyland and Ryszard Słomski

. Antiproliferative mechanism of a cannabinoid agonist by cell cycle arrest in human gastric cancer cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, 112(4): 1192–205. Pérez-Gómez, E., Andradas, C., Flores, J.M., Quintanilla, M., Paramio, J.M., Guzmán, M., & Sánchez, C., 2012. The orphan receptor GPR55 drives skin carcinogenesis and is upregulated in human squamous cell carcinomas. Oncogene, 32(20): 2534–2542. Pertwee, R.G., Howlett, a C., Abood, M.E., Alexander, S.P.H., Marzo, V. Di, Elphick, M.R., Greasley, P.J., Hansen, H.S., & Kunos, G., 2010. International Union of Basic

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Wioletta Rozpędek, Alicja Nowak, Dariusz Pytel, Dawid Lewko, J. Alan Diehl and Ireneusz Majsterek

. Brush, M. H., Weiser, D. C. & Shenolikar, S. 2003. Growth arrest and DNA damage-inducible protein GADD34 targets protein phosphatase 1 alpha to the endoplasmic reticulum and promotes dephosphorylation of the alpha subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2. Molecular and cellular biology, 23(4): 1292–1303. Chow, V. W., Mattson, M. P., Wong, P. C. & Gleichmann, M. 2010. An overview of APP processing enzymes and products. Neuromolecular medicine, 12(1): 1–12. Cole, S. L. & Vassar, R. 2007. The Alzheimer's disease beta-secretase enzyme, BACE1

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J. Vadlejch, I. Langrová, M. Borovský, M. Sedmíková, I. Jankovská, J. Fechtner and A. Lytvynets

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W. Rozek, M. Kwasnik and J.F. Zmudzinski

(2001) Expression of bbc3, a pro-apoptotic BH3-only gene, is regulated by diverse cell death and survival signals. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98: 11318-11323. He YA, Xu K, Keiner B, Zhou J, Czudai V, Li T, Chen Z, Liu J, Klenk HD, Shu YL, Sun B (2010) Influenza A Virus replication induces cell cycle arrest in G0/G1 phase. J Virol 84: 12832-12840. Lee SJ, Langhans SA (2012) Anaphase-promoting complex/ cyclosome protein Cdc27 is a target for curcumin- induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. BMC Cancer 12:44. Levine B, Sinha

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J. Cui, Z. Wang and H. Han

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M. Borkovcová, I. Langrová and A. Totková

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D. Lukešová, I. Langrová, J. Vadlejch, I. Jankovská, J. Hlava, P. Válek and Z. Čadková

, B., Černý, V., Kotrlý, A., Minář, J., Ryšavý, B., Šebek, Z. (1984): Parasites of Wild Animals. Prague, Czech Republic, Academia, 191 pp. [17] Kutzer, E., Frey, H. (1976): Die Parasiten der Feldhasen (Lepus europaeus) in Östereich. Berl. Munch. Tierarztl. Wochenschr., 89: 480–483 [18] Langrová, I., Makovcová, K., Vadlejch, J., Jankovská, I., Petrtýl, M., Fechtner, J., Keil, P., Lytvynets, A., Borkovcová, M. (2008): Arrested development of sheep strongyles: onset and resumption under field conditions of Central