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Jiří Ryant

Abstract

Six Bohemian silver coins described here come from the inheritance of Jiří Sedmík from Prague (1898–1942), a collector and important Czechoslovak diplomat, who participated in the anti-Nazi resistance. He was arrested in 1940 and executed in Berlin-Plötzensee at the end of 1942. Based on previously published data, some 70 Bohemian pieces (Prague grossi) were discovered in Budislavice even in 1917. Unfortunately, these coins were finally distributed in the systematic collection of the Museum of West Bohemia, and it is hard to get any information about them. But in 1964, another hoard from Budislavice was deposited in the Museum of West Bohemia. Typologically similar small coins – mostly of Bohemian origin – were of very bad condition. Torso of a vessel, in which the coins used to be buried, has been preserved. Later on, the content of this hoard was studied, and relevant basic data were published here, because of it is not impossible to find another hoard at the mentioned location.

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Piotr Łysakowski

1944 [Moscow and Poland - chiefs of the underground movement arrested - wire report]. Polnische Anklage Gegen die Hetzer - Sie fuehlen sich von den falschen Freunden im Stich gelassen, 24th August 1944 [Polish indictment of the rabble-rouser - Th ey feel let down by the false friends in the lurch]. Schwere Kaempfe nordoestlich Warschau, Sowjets verloren im Juli 4158 Panzer und 1329 Flugzeuge, 4th August 1944 [Heavy fi ghting north-east of Warsaw - Soviets lost in July 4158 tanks and 1329 aircraft]. Sie gelten als

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Jan Hanska

. Such use could be “harmless” and “arresting” while simultaneously “intimidating”, and thus, it has been called a “shot across the bow” ( Kahn 1962 : p. 213; Schelling 1965 : pp. 178–179). At best, it might arrest aggression, and by creating a spectacle, it could even theoretically preempt further use of nuclear weapons and serve to strengthen the nuclear taboo ( Quester 2006 : p. 65). However, there are also advocates of the idea that this spectacular show of force could be conducted against the conventional forces of the enemy. Among them, Beaufre (1965) wrote

Open access

Jesenko Tešan and Joan Davison

Abstract

This paper examines the source and consequences of permanent liminality in the political-legal administration of the Byzantine Empire. The paper argues ambiguous and incomplete identities of individuals, groups, and society associated with certain authoritarian political arrangements and consequent arrested liminal period(s) contributed to the decline of the Empire. Further, and significantly, the unresolved situation of disaggregated identity, or spirited away demos, persisted in the Ottoman Era and continues to infect contemporary socio-political affairs in regions in the Balkans and other countries of the former Soviet Union which now seek to balance the interests of a nation-state with the diversity of Europe. The paper does not consider the Orthodox Spirit, but rather analyzes the role of pseudo-intellectuals and sophists who derail the democratic and philosophical Hellenist traditions with authoritarian policies and tools. The research compares and links the institutional attempts of the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires to manage and manipulate differences and distinctions through mechanisms such as theatricalization and the millets. The argument concludes that these strategies created the basis for the perpetualization of the sick man of Europe to the extent they focused on juggling the distinctions and identities of the empires rather than pursuing the development of the democratic self. Thus, in liminality is revealed and contained undead and viral authoritarian spirits, sometimes manifested in populist or extremist ethnic leaders, whose technologies trick the demos and disrupt the democratic imagination.

Open access

Olivier Dupuis

. BUTLER A. (1774). The Moveable Feasts, Fasts, and Other Annual Observances of the Catholic Church, London: C. Kiernan. CHAPPUYS G. (1598), Epistres spiritueles de R.P.I de Avila..., Douai: Baltazar Belere. CINATO F., SURPRENANT A. (2009). Le livre de l'art du combat. Paris: CNRS éditions. CORAS J. DE (1561). Arrest mémorable du parlement de Tolose. Lyon: A. Vincent. COCHERIS H. (1866). Rapport sur procès-verbal de réception d’un prévôt d’armes. Revue des sociétés savantes des départements. 4e série. Tome

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Elmira Muratova

the Crimean authorities in the search for missing people. Initially, the group was able to conduct a dialog with the authorities ( Kontaktnaya gruppa...2014 ), but in 2016, when the searches and arrests of Crimean Tatars took massive forms, the authorities stopped all contacts with the group. As a result, it went through reorganization and reorientation and made an emphasis on human rights and charity initiatives. When the Crimean contact group has been transformed into the ‘Crimean solidarity,’ it united families of more than 20 arrested and detained Crimean

Open access

Alison Frank Johnson

responsibilities and prerogatives of gentlemen. Karl Heidler Freiherr (Baron) von Egeregg, the chargé d’affaires and highest-ranking diplomat in the Austro-Hungarian legation in Bucharest, provided Szathmáry Király every imaginable assistance in his effort to secure satisfaction. Heidler personally approached the Romanian Minister of War to uncover the identity of the renegade major. The minister not only provided his name – Major Lazaresco – but placed him in arrest within his garrison. At Heidler’s insistence, Szathmáry Király chose as his seconds Consul General Alexander

Open access

Elisabeth Kovtiak

, jewelry, books, and documents. The Museum of Soviet Occupation focuses on the cruelty of the communist regime. Here, one can find official documents and photographs that tell about the horrors of Stalin’s repressions: human losses and anti-Soviet riots, unjust arrests, deportations, dekulakization An appropriation of wealthy peasants’ property that happened in the USSR in 1929–1932 under Stalin’s reign. Dekulakization is considered as political repression, as people were not only deprived of their property but also, in some cases, arrested, deported, or executed

Open access

Erik Pajtinka

in relation to the representations (offices) include, e.g., inviolability of premises, property, documents, and archives, exemption from taxes, freedom of communication for official purposes, the right to use code for official communications, and the right to send and receive official documents by couriers having a standing equal to diplomatic couriers. In relation to the staff of the representations, they have, e.g., immunity from the criminal, civil, and administrative jurisdiction of the local authorities, immunity from arrest, search, and detention, and

Open access

Tai-Dong Nguyen and Manh-Tung Ho

Ming invasion. When both father and son were arrested by the Ming dynasty, Ho Nguyen Trung pointed out the cause of the failure: “I’m not afraid of fighting, I only fear that the people’s heart/mind does not support me” ( Le et al. 1993 , 235). The examples cited above have undoubtedly painted a harmonious picture of the relationship between the ruler and the ruled. Historians studying the Ly dynasty, however, suggest a less idealized approach, instead of adopting the conventional view that this dynasty had established a centralized state power in Vietnam in the 11