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Māris Jurušs and Jānis Brizga

., Golušin, M., 2015. Environmental taxation policy in the EU-new methodology approach. Journal of Cleaner Production 88, 308 - 317. Hsu, S.-L., J. Walters and A. Purgas. 2008. “Pollution Tax Heuristics: An Empirical Study of Willingness to Pay Higher Gasoline Taxes.” Energy Policy 36, 3612 - 3619. Jacobs, B. and R. A. de Mooij. 2015. “Journal of Environmental Economics and Management.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 71, 90 - 108. Jaffe, A. B., R. G. Newell and R. N. Stavins. 2003. “Technological Change and

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Peter Kivisto

the expansion of citizen rights. He ignores citizenship as membership, as belonging to a polity, taking it as a given in what he understood to be a fairly homogeneous and fixed understanding of national identity (this just before the Windrush arrived in Tilbury Docks, a development that as the current scandal in the UK attests, has had an enduring impact on citizenship as a boundary-drawing device). Likewise, he pays scant attention to the duties and responsibilities of citizenship, presuming that in contemporary liberal democracies, the reality is that citizens are

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Zahid Shahab Ahmed

escalated sectarian violence in the country. In 1980, Islamabad was the site of the first-ever demonstration by Shias against the implementation of the Zakat and Ushr Ordinance (Islamic taxes) by the then President General Zia-ul-Haq ( Warde 2010 , 116). Shias demanded exemption from paying Zakat Zakat is an Islamic practice of alms giving, which is among the five pillars of Islam. to the state and the government had to agree ( Iqbal 2014 ). According to Ali (2000 , 33), the successful protests in Islamabad became a factor in deteriorating Shia–Sunni relations in

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Monika Vrzgulová

its protest and hope that a political party, which – in principle – opposes the official establishment, would improve their situation. From discussions with various groups of citizens, we can observe a phenomenon that we call conflicting memories. Translated into the language of common communication, we can state it as follows: people in Slovakia are often unable to allow “the worlds of others” into their minds and, moreover, they are not even willing to admit their existence. This statement is the result of my active participation and participant observation of the

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Yelena V. Muzykina

you be willing to accept Muslims as members of your family? Country % of the population France 66 Germany 55 The UK 53 Italy 43 The Netherlands 88 Spain 74 The Netherlands is among the top five most tolerant EU countries on the matter. The other four are Norway (82%), Denmark (81%), Sweden (80%), and Belgium (77%). Moreover, Western Europeans are very likely to accept Muslims in their neighborhoods ( Table 3 ) (Question: “Would you be willing..?” 2018 ). Table 3 Would you be willing to accept Muslims

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Alison Frank Johnson

inflation and requests for pay raises, assessments of eligibility for promotions, requests to marry, and reviews of eligibility for pensions. Some of these are clearly professional – they involve the appropriate use of funds, the maintenance of necessary staffing levels, the functioning of the office, and the assessment of promotions and raises. Sometimes, they border on the very personal. Processing a lawyer’s request to track down a consul’s income for a paternity suit divulges more about the consul’s past than he might wish. Josef Zipser, a Viennese attorney, requested

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Stefan Couperus, Harm Kaal, Nico Randeraad and Paul van Trigt

Constitution, noted, »the preservation of ›the provincial‹ is useful, and shall be highly congenial to the entire nation«. Gijsbert Karel van Hogendorp: »Aanmerking op de Grondwet«, in: Herman T. Colenbrander (ed.): Ontstaan der Grondwet, vol. 1, Den Haag 1908, p. 57. The old elites were paying a price, though. The provincial council no longer had a direct say in national government (as the Provincial States had enjoyed during the Republic), only met once a year for a few days, and had little financial scope. The provincial executive, by contrast, was given a more

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Robert Garot

spoke of experience and a willingness to engage in brawls and bar fights. He had squinty eyes, a jerky, slightly battered face, and the offhand manner of a little juggernaut. After the capo, he would be my first choice in a rugby match, no doubt. He kindly offered the officer a perfectly reasonable suggestion – one I was thinking of myself, of them posting a waiting list. ›What do you think I am, your Sister?!‹ the officer shouted in his face, about an inch separating them, reframing the smaller rugby man’s suggestion as a taunt to his masculinity and perhaps cause

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Vratislav Doubek

Introduction Aside from looking at political history, any examination of the politicization of bourgeois elites needs to pay particular attention to the history of ideas and political thought too. Looking at it from a Central European perspective, this approach has a strong tradition, especially in Poland and Hungary, partly also in Slovakia, but not in the Czech lands. This is yet another reason why we need to build on analytical works within political theory (e.g., works of the Slovak philosopher Tibor Pichler ) See especially Pichler Tibor , Etnos a

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Michaela Strapáčová and Vít Hloušek

are too few foreigners in the country, and 8% “did not know” ( Čadová 2016 , 2). Looking at it from a longitudinal perspective, the data show a clear time correlation between decreasing willingness of Czech citizens for the permanent settlement of foreigners and solving the migration crisis, as Graph 1 shows. Graph 1 Attitude of Czech citizens to the issue of permanent settlement of foreigners Note: “Yes” category summarizes the answers “strongly or rather in favor of permanent settlement”, “no” category counts for “strongly or rather against permanent