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Effects of exogenous nitric oxide on cadmium toxicity in black poplar (Populus nigra): physiological approaches

stress responses. Plant Science 172, 876–887. Barba-Espín, G., Diaz-Vivancos, P., Job, D., Belghazi, M., Job, C., Hernández, J.A., 2011: Understanding the role of H 2 O 2 during pea seed germination: a combined proteomic and hormone profiling approach. Plant Cell and Environment 34, 1907–1919. Baryla, A., Carrier, P., Franck, F., Coulomb, C., Sahut, C., Havaux, M., 2001: Leaf chlorosis in oilseed rape plants ( Brassica napus ) grown on cadmium-polluted soil: causes and consequences for photosynthesis and growth. Planta 212, 696–709. Baszyński, T

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Variation in morpho-physiological, biochemical and molecular responses of two Eucalyptus species under short-term water stress

Eucalyptus microtheca . Silva Fennica 41, 221–233. Talebi, R., 2011: Evaluation of chlorophyll content and canopy temperature as indicators for drought tolerance in durum wheat ( Triticum durum Desf.). Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5, 1457–1462. Teskey, R., Wertin, T., Bauweraerts, I., Ameye, M., McGuire, M.A., Steppe, K., 2015: Responses of tree species to heat waves and extreme heat events. Plant Cell and Environment 38, 1699–1712. Thumma, B.R., Sharma, N., Southerton, S.G., 2012: Transcriptome sequencing of Eucalyptus camaldulensis

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The effect of antimicrobials on verocytotoxin bacteriophage transduction under bovine rumen fluid and broth conditions

treatments), a bacterial regulatory genetic repair mechanism is triggered (also referred to as the SOS response), which is located in a part of the genome that contains the phage genes encoding the lytic phase ( Kimmitt et al ., 2000 ; Janion, 2001 ; Schmidt, 2001 ). Once activated, hundreds of bacteriophages are produced, which are then released into the environment when the bacterial cell lyses ( Kohler et al ., 2000 ; Colon et al ., 2016 ). These phage particles are then free to infect other E . coli , resulting in the transfer of the vtx genes and the

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Temperature-dependent chlorophyll accumulation and photosystem II assembly during etioplast to chloroplast transition in sunflower cotyledons

. Planta 184, 226-234. Bolhàr-Nordenkampf, H. R., Long, S. P., Baker, N. R., Öquist, G., Schreiber, U., Lechner, E. G., 1989: Chlorophyll fl uorescence as a probe of the photosynthetic competence of leaves in the fi eld: a review of current instrumentation. Functional Ecology 3, 497-514. Fey, V., Wagner, R., Bräutigam, K., Pfannschmidt, T., 2005: Photosynthetic redox control of nuclear gene expression. Journal of Experimental Botany 56, 1491-1498. Giardi, M. T., Masojídek, J., G odde, D., 1997: Effects of abiotic stresses

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Modulatory antimicrobial activity of piper arboreum extracts

. Interciencia 6, 22-29. GEORGOPAPADAKOU, N. H., 2005: Infectious disease 2001: Drug resistance, new drugs. Drug Resistance Updates 5, 181-191. GEISSMAN, T. A., 1963: Flavonoid compounds, tannins, lignins and related compounds. In: FLORKIN, M., STOTZ, E. H. (eds), Pyrrole pigments, isoprenoid compounds and phenolic plant constituents. Elsevier Press, New York. GIBBONS, S., 2004: Anti-staphylococcal plant natural products. Natural Products Reports 21, 263-277. HUGHES, C.,MULLER, D., HACHER, J., GOEBEL, W., 1982

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Genetic analysis of microsatellite markers for salt stress in two contrasting maize parental lines and their RIL population

References Banisetti, K., Agrawal, P. K., Gupta, H. S., Kumar, A., Bhatt, J. C., 2012: Identifi cation of candidate gene based SSR markers for lysine and tryptophan metabolic pathways in maize. Plant Breeding 131, 20-27. Besserer, A., Burnotte, E., Bienert, G. P., Chevalier, A. S., Errachid, A., Grefen, C., Blatt, M. R., 2012: Selective regulation of maize plasma membrane aquaporin traffi cking and activity by the Snare SYP121. Plant Cell 24, 3463-3481. Bilgen, M., Karaca, M., Onus, A. N., Ince, A. G., 2004: A

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Effect of omitting teat preparation on bacterial levels in bulk tank milk

equipment hygiene ( Jayarao and Wolfgang, 2003 ). While the European Union (EU) currently imposes a regulatory limit of <100, 000 TBC colony-forming units (cfu)/mL ( EEC, 1992 ; Council Directive 92/46/EEC), some milk processors in Ireland have implemented more stringent regulations on farmers for TBC (<30, 000 cfu/mL) and thermoduric bacteria (<500 cfu/mL). Similarly, for the somatic cell count (SCC), there are a number of incentives at the processor level to achieve a level below 200, 000 cells/mL, half the required EU regulatory limit (400,000 cells/mL). One strategy

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Comparison of methods for the identification and sub-typing of O157 and non-O157 Escherichia coli serotypes and their integration into a polyphasic taxonomy approach

a polyphasic scheme will probably constitute a precise typing approach that allows better understanding of population structure and taxonomic relationships. Verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) are zoonotic agents characterised by the production of Shiga-like toxins commonly associated with foodborne disease episodes that can lead to severe health complications and, sometimes, death. Correct VTEC classification and sub-typing is crucial for regulatory authorities and food business operators because false positive claims might be detrimental to business

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Scientific appraisal of the Irish grass-based milk production system as a sustainable source of premium quality milk and dairy products

et al ., 1995 ). In Ireland, the research targets for efficient milk production are to have 90% of the cows calved in a 6-wk period in early spring each year ( French et al ., 2015 ). Cows then go to grass, resulting in the best fit between grass supply and feed demand, and the lactation extends from early February to late November. Within such a system, the most efficient dairy farms are, on average, stocked at 2.35 cows/ha, producing >400 kg milk solids (MS)/cow (>950 kg MS/ha) and utilising >9.5 t dry matter (DM)/ha ( French et al ., 2015 ). Minimum

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Additive genetic, non-additive genetic and permanent environmental effects for female reproductive performance in seasonal calving dairy females

investigated. To do so, alternative approaches were used to estimate the next lactation reproductive performance in multiparous cows. The multiparous reproductive traits considered were CFS, CIV, SR21, NS, PRFS, PR42 and SURV. The dataset was separated into a calibration (years 2006 to 2010) and a validation (year = 2011) dataset; the calibration and validation dataset included 166,596 and 59,642 records, respectively. Table 1 Number of records (N), mean, genetic standard deviation (σ g ), heritability (h 2 ) and repeatability (t) for reproductive performance traits

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