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R. Seixas, D. Varanda, R. Bexiga, L. Tavares and M. Oliveira

, Zadoks RN ( 2009 ) Invited review: The role of contagious disease in udder health. J Dairy Sci 92: 4717-4729. Cerca N, Martins S, Pier GB, Oliveira R, Azeredo J ( 2005a ) The relationship between inhibition of bacterial adhesion to a solid surface by sub-MICs of antibiotics and subsequent development of a biofilm. Res Microbiol 156: 650-655. Cerca N, Martins S, Sillankorva S, Jefferson KK, Pier GB, Oliveira R, Azeredo J ( 2005b ) Effects of growth in the presence of subinhibitory concentrations of dicloxacillin on Staphylococcus epidermidis and

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B. Kot, M. Piechota, M. Antos-Bielska, E. Zdunek, K.M. Wolska, T. Binek, J. Olszewska, P. Guliński and E.A. Trafny

milk. Vet Microbiol 134: 73-81. Siqueira JF Jr, Lima KC ( 2002 ) Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus xylosus in a secondary root canal infection with persistent symptoms: a case report. Aust Endod J 28: 61-63. Taponen S, Simojoki H, Haveri M, Larsen HD, Pyo¨ra¨la¨ S ( 2006 ) Clinical characteristics and persistence of bovine mastitis caused by different species of coagulase-negative staphylococci identified with API or AFLP. Vet Microbiol 115: 199-207. Thorberg BM, Ku¨hn I, Aarestrup FM, Bra¨ndstro¨m B

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I. Klimiene, M. Virgailis, A. Pavilonis, R. Siugzdiniene, R. Mockeliunas and M. Ruzauskas

): 119-124. Thorberg BM, Danielsson-Tham ML, Emanuelson U, Persson Waller K ( 2009 ) Bovine subclinical mastitis caused by different types of coagulase-negative staphylococci. J Dairy Sci 92: 4962-4970. Thumu SC, Halami PM ( 2012 ) Presence of erythromycin and tetracycline resistance genes in lactic acid bacteria from fermented foods of Indian origin. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 102: 541-551. Walther C, Perreten V ( 2007 ) Letter to the editor: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis in organic milk production. J Dairy Sci 90: 5351.

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Lia M. Junie, Mihaela L. Vică, Mirel Glevitzky and Horea V. Matei

References Alvarez-Suarez, J. M. , Tulipani, S., Daimy Díaz, D., Estevez, Y., Romandini, S., Giampieri, F., Damiani, E. , Astolfi, P., Bompadre, S., Battino, M. (2010). Antioxidant and antimicrobial capacity of several monofloral Cuban honeys and their correlation with color, polyphenol content and other chemical compounds. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 48, 2490-2499. Anthimidou, E., & Mossialos, D. (2013). Antibacterial activity of Greek and Cypriot honeys against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in comparison

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Julia Zabielska, Agnieszka Tyfa and Alina Kunicka-Styczyńska

for study of bacterial biofilms. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 85: 583–590. Kaplan, J.B., Ragunath, C., Velliyagounder, K., Fine, D.H. & Ramasubbu, N. 2004. Enzymatic detachment of Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 48: 2633–2636. Khan, S.I., Blumrosen, G., Vecchio, D., Goldberg, A., McCormack, M.C., Yarmush, M.L., Hamblin, M.R. & Austen Jr, W.G. 2016. Eradication of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas biofilm with pulsed electric fields. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 113: 643–650. Knowles, J

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E. Pyzik and A. Marek

strains isolated from patients in general practice compared to strains hospitalized patients. Scand J Infect Dis 22: 315-320. Różalska B, Burow A, Pachelska M, Rudnicka W(1995) The participation of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) in infections. Postępy Mikrobiologii 4: 453-468. Schwarz S, Cardoso M, Grölz-Krug S, Blobel H ( 1990 ) Common antibiotic resistance plasmids in Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis from human and canine infections. Zentralbl Bakteriol 273: 369-377. Stępień-Pyśniak D

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M. Piechota, B. Kot, E. Zdunek, J. Mitrus, J. Wicha and M. K. Wolska

-like genes in Staphylococcus aureus from food. Int J Food Microbiol 108: 36-41. Becker K, Roth R, Peters G (1998) Rapid and specific detection of toxigenic Staphylococcus aureus: use of two multiplex PCR enzyme immunoassays for amplification and hybridization of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes, exfoliative toxin genes, and toxic shock syndrome toxin 1 gene. J Clin Microbiol 36: 2548-2553. Blaiotta G, Fusco V, von Eiff C, Villani F, Becker K (2006) Biotyping of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus by enterotoxin gene cluster (egc

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Dominika Andrys, Danuta Kulpa, Monika Grzeszczuk and Bożena Białecka

Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the influence of jasmonic acid added to culture medium on the growth of plants and antioxidant properties of dry plant material, as well as on the antimicrobial properties of essential oils produced by the narrow-leaved lavender. For plant propagation, MS media supplemented with JA at concentrations of 0.2-1.5 mg dm−3 were used. The use of the lower JA concentrations did not influenced the growth parameters measured, whereas at the higher concentrations (1 and 1.5 mg dm−3) JA caused growth inhibition and a decrease in plant weight. With increasing JA concentration, the number of secretory trichomes decreased. Addition of 0.5 mg dm−3 JA caused an increase in secretory trichome diameter on both the adaxial and abaxial surface of leaves (83.3 and 73.2 μm, respectively). The antioxidant activity of the lavender plants propagated on media with the addition of JA (regardless of the concentration used) was higher than that of the control plants. The plants from JA-supplemented media were used to isolate essential oils, the antimicrobial activity of which was tested using the disc diffusion method at the concentrations of 10 and 50%. All the oils tested exhibited activity towards Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Candida albicans. The essential oils isolated from the plants propagated on the medium with 1 mg dm−3 JA were characterized by the highest antimicrobial activity against the majority of the tested microorganisms.

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M. Podkowik, J. Bystroń and J. Bania

-negative staphylococci. Int J Food Microbiol 126: 302-310. Karchmer AW, Archer GL, Dismukes WE ( 1983 ) Staphylococcus epidermidis causing prosthetic valve endocarditis: microbiological and clinical observations as a guides to therapy. Ann Intern Med 98: 447-455. Kassem II ( 2001 ) Chinks in the armor: the role of the nonclinical environment in the transmission of Staphylococcus bacteria. Am J Infect Control 39: 539-541. Kloos WE ( 1997 ) Taxonomy and systematic of staphylococci indigenous to humans. In

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Ri-E Bu, Jin-Liang Wang, Jin-Hua Wu, Gao-Wa Xilin, Jin-Long Chen and Hua Wang

References Andersen HJ, Pedersen LH, Aarestrup FM, Chriél M ( 2003 ) Evaluation of the surveillance program of Streptococcus agalactiae in Danish dairy herds. J Dairy Sci 86: 1233-1239. Baseggio N, Mansell PD, Browning JW, Browning GF ( 1997 ) Strain differentiation of isolates of streptococci from bovine mastitis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Mol Cell Probes 11: 349-354. Boddie RL, Nickerson SC ( 1996 ) Efficacy of teat dips containing a hypochlorous acid germicide against experimental challenge with Staphylococcus aureus and