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Research on Technical Ceramics and their Industrial Application: Preparation Techniques and Properties of Transparent AlON Ceramics

ceramics . Ceramics International, 43/11. (2017) 8195–8201. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2017.03.146 [10] Sahin F. C., Kanbur H. E., Apak B.: Preparation of AlON ceramics via reactive spark plasma sintering . Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 32/4. (2012) 925–929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurcer-amsoc.2011.10.043 [11] Li X., Huang J., Luo J.: Progress and Challenges in the Synthesis of AlON Ceramics by Spark Plasma Sintering . Transactions of the Indian Ceramic Society, 76/1. (2017). 14–20. https://doi.org/10.1080/0371750X.2016

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Synthesis, sintering, specific heat and magnetism of Eu3S4 by low-temperature CS2-gas sulfurization of Eu2O3 nanospheres

Abstract

Single-phase Eu3S4 was obtained via CS2 gas sulfurization of Eu2O3 nanospheres at 773 K for longer than 0.5 h. The primary particle size of Eu3S4 became larger than that of Eu2O3 during the sulfurization process. Pure synthetic Eu3S4 powders were unstable and transformed to EuS at 873 K under vacuum. Eu3S4 compacts were sintered in temperature range of 773 K to 1173 K and they transformed to EuS at 1473 K during spark plasma sintering. Specific heat of sintered Eu3S4 did not show an anomalous behavior in the range of 2 K to 50 K. The magnetic susceptibility of polycrystalline Eu3S4 followed a Curie-Weiss law from 2 K to 300 K. Magnetization of polycrystalline Eu3S4 was larger than that of single crystal Eu3S4 when the magnetic field was less than 3.5 kOe.

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