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solution which could negate this effect [ 70 ]. As time progresses, the fluid flows slowly through the network and the polymer gradually recoils in the radial direction, the fluid pressure decreases and the dilation becomes more negative [ 70 ]. This continues during the ‘hold’ phase of the indentation when the indentation depth of the sphere is kept constant until a steady state is reached and the chemical potential of the solvent andsolutes tend to zero. This can be observed in Fig. 8 , where the measured force increases quickly with indentation depth with