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Herpetofauna of the Podkielecki Landscape Protection Area

Abstract

The study was conducted in 2016-2017 in the Podkielecki Landscape Protection Area (area 26,485 ha). It was focused on the occurrence and distribution of amphibians and reptiles, the biology of the selected species and the existing threats.

Established in 1995, the Podkielecki Landscape Protection Area surrounds the city of Kielce from the north, east and south-east, and adjoins several other protected areas. It covers the western part of the Świętokrzyskie Mountains (part of the Klonowskie and Masłowskie ranges) and the southern part of the Suchedniów Plateau. The studied area is mostly covered by forest and thicket communities (48.1%) and farmlands (39.9%), followed by built-up areas (7.8%), industrial areas (0.5%), roads and railways (2.7%), and surface water bodies (1%).

The protected area is developed mainly on Palaeozoic rocks, including Cambrian and Ordovician sandstones, Silurian and Carboniferous shales, and Devonian marls. Podzolic soils predominate among soils. The largest rivers include Lubrzanka, Czarna Nida, Bobrza and Belnianka. There are no natural lakes within the PLPA limits, and the largest artificial reservoirs include the Cedzyna Reservoir, Morawica Reservoir, Suków Sandpit and two sedimentation reservoirs of the Kielce Power Plant. The area includes 2 nature reserves: Barcza and Sufraganiec.

The following amphibian species were recognised during the investigations within the borders of the studied area: alpine newt Ichthyosaura alpestris Laur., great crested newt Triturus cristatus Laur., smooth newt Lissotriton vulgaris L., European fire-bellied toad Bombina bombina L., common spadefoot toad Pelobates fuscus Laur., common toad Bufo bufo L., natterjack toad Epidalea calamita Laur., European green toad Bufotes viridis Laur., European tree frog Hyla arborea L., pool frog Pelophylax lessonae Cam., edible frog Pelophylax esculentus L., marsh frog Pelophylax ridibundus Pall., moor frog Rana arvalis Nilss., and common frog Rana temporaria L. The reptiles were represented by sand lizard Lacerta agilis L., viviparous lizard Zootoca vivipara Jacquin, slow worm Anguis fragilis L., grass snake Natrix natrix L. and common European adder Vipera berus L. The study also included the phenology and breeding biology of the common toad and common frog.

The most crucial herpetofauna conservation problems identified here include amphibians killed on roads by vehicles. The study area is intersected by very busy roads, in particular: European route no. E77, national roads nos. 73, 74 and S74, and regional roads nos. 745, 750 and 764. For this reason, future road reconstruction projects should consider the assembly of various crossing roads for wildlife, particularly on the 600 m long section of national road no. 74 near Cedzyna Reservoir. Other threats include illegal waste dumping, pollution of surface waters, fire setting, overgrowing and desiccation of small water bodies.

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Wiesław Krzemiński

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Impact of slurry application method on phosphorus loss in runoff from grassland soils during periods of high soil moisture content

; 06o04’W) between 7 December 2009 and 28 April 2010. The 192 m 2 experiment site was established on a permanent pasture located on a drumlin hill slope (average slope of 4.5%) with a north-easterly aspect (altitude, 120 m). The area soil type was classified as a Soil Water Gley Class 1 overlying Silurian Shale (DANI Soil Survey of Northern Ireland) (FAO classification: Dystric Gleysol). The area has a hydrology of soil types (HOST) classification of 24, which is indicative of poorly drained soils with high runoff rates, with this classification accounting for 46

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Effect of biostimulants on cold resistance and productivity formation in winter rapeseed and winter wheat

stage (upper Homerian: Silurian) in the Viduklė-61 deep well (Western Lithuania). Ciências da Terra VII: 77–78. Radzevičius S. Spiridonov A. Brazauskas A. 2013 Application of wavelets in cyclostratigraphy of the Gėluva regional stage (upper Homerian: Silurian) in the Viduklė-61 deep well (Western Lithuania) Ciências da Terra VII 77 – 78 Rengel, J. and Graham, R.D. 1995. Importance of seed Zn content for wheat grown on Zn-defiant soil. II. Grain yield. Plant Soil 173: 267–274. 10.1007/BF00011464 Rengel J. Graham R.D. 1995 Importance of

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Toxicological Evaluation of Thermal Treatment of Drilling Waste from Shale Gas Exploration in Poland

-2509(03)00251-3. [15] Kiersnowski H, Dyrka I. Ordovician-Silurian shale gas resources potential in Poland: evaluation of gas resources assessment reports published to date and expected improvements for 2014 forthcoming assessment. Przegląd Geolog. 2013:61(11):639-659. https://www.pgi.gov.pl/docman-tree/publikacje-2/przeglad-geologiczny/2013/listopad-1/1974-ordovician-silurian-shale-gas/file.html . [16] Council Directive 89/429/EEC of 21 June 1989 on the reduction of air pollution from existing municipal waste-incineration plants, Official J Europ Communit. L203, 15 July 1989

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