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Małgorzata Wach, Monika Podhorecka, Maria Cioch, Iwona Hus, Ewa Wąsik-Szczepanek, Bożena Sokołowska and Marek Hus

option to consider? Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program. 2013;2013:184-8. 10. Spicka I. Advances in multiple myeloma therapy during two past decades. CSBJ. 2014;10:38-40. 11. Röllig C, Knop S, Bornhäuser M. Multiple myeloma. Lancet.doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60493-1 [Epub ahead of print]. 12. Scheid C, Sonneveld P, Schmidt-Wolf IG, et al. Bortezomib before and after autologous stem cell transplantation overcomes the negative prognostic impact of renal impairment in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma: a subgroup analysis

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Iwona Wertel, Wiesława Bednarek, Artur Czekierdowski and Jan Kotarski

D-QSAR studies.Bioorg Med Chem. 2015;23(5):1044-54. 16. Wild J, Staton C, Chapple K, Corfe B. Neuropilins: expression and roles in the epithelium. Int J Exp Pathol.2012;93(2):81-103. 17. Kärpänen T, Heckman CA, Kesktitalo S, et. al. Functional interaction of VEGF-C and VEGF-D with neuropilin receptors. FASEB J. 2006;20:1462-72. 18. Harris RC, Chung E, Coffey RJ. EGF receptor ligands. Exp Cell Res. 2003;284(1):2-13. 19. Li S, Li Q. Cancer stem cells, lymphangiogenesis, and lymphatic metastasis. Cancer

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Anna Brzozowska and Paweł Gołębiowski

, chemotherapy and radi. Medycyna Paliatywna w Praktyce. 2017;11(1):1-7. 27. McGuire DB, Peterson DE, Muller S, et al. The 20 item oral mucositis index: reliability and validity in bone marrow and stem cell transplant patients. Cancer Invest. 2002;20:893-903. 28. Trotti A, Byhardt R, Stetz J, et al. Common toxicity criteria: version 2.0. An improved reference for grading the acute effects of cancer treatment: impact on radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2000;47:13-47. 29. Sonis ST, Oster G, Fuchs F, et al. Oral mucositis and the clinical and economic

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Jerzy Saczuk, Agnieszka Wasiluk, Robert Wilczewski and Adam Wilczewski

Abstract

Introduction. In the current situation of the demographic decline and simultaneous tough competition on the educational market, the issues of not only teaching levels but also the competences and aptitudes of students themselves are raised more and more often. Therefore, this study sought to analyse differences in the body build and physical fitness of physical education (PE) students from the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport in Biała Podlaska in the years 1989, 2004, and 2014. Material and methods. The material included the results of the anthropometric measurements and physical fitness tests of second-year students examined in 1989 (n = 111), 2004 (n = 181), and 2014 (n = 127). Martin and Saller’s technique was employed to measure anthropometric features necessary to establish body build types using the Heath-Carter method. Physical fitness was evaluated with the International Physical Fitness Test. Sample size (n), arithmetic mean (x̅), standard deviation (SD), and the T point scale were applied to assess the collected variables. Differences in the sizes of the analysed features between the groups were estimated with the use of ANOVA and the Newman-Keuls test. Results. The analysis revealed a constant increase in basic somatic features and endomorphy and a decrease in mesomorphy and physical fitness in male subjects. The ectomorphy of students examined in 2014 was at a level similar to that recorded in 1989. The pace of the described changes was different depending on the study period. Conclusions. Secular trends in body build and physical fitness observed in the study may stem from deterioration in the biological potential of youths or may result from lowering physical education entrance exam criteria at the university.

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Igor Cieśliński and Ireneusz Chaliburda

Abstract

Introduction. Physical education programmes are primarily based upon sports that originated in the Western European tradition. Implementing indigenous traditions such as traditional Polish games and play is an excellent opportunity to make those programmes more modern and attractive. In order to make use of the value and potential of these activities, it is necessary to introduce them into the programmes of Polish schools. This study sought to show the chances of traditional Polish forms of activity becoming a permanent part of physical education lessons and make present and future PE teachers aware of the fact that such forms of activity exist. Material and methods. The study included 125 PE teachers (62 females and 63 males) from randomly selected schools in eastern Poland. It was carried out with the use of a diagnostic survey, which included an original questionnaire designed by the author consisting of questions regarding the subjects’ knowledge of traditional Polish games and play, their place and role in national culture, as well as the possibility of using them in physical education. Correspondence analysis was employed to examine the data. Results. The research revealed that the participants of the study were relatively poorly prepared to be promoters and continuers of traditional Polish games, play, and sports. This mainly stemmed from the fact that they were hardly aware of the role of those forms of activities in the process of physical education and had little knowledge of traditional forms of physical activity that originate in indigenous culture. Conclusions. The teachers examined are insufficiently prepared to introduce traditional Polish games, play, and sports into the process of physical education. It is necessary to broaden the programme and educational offerings in the field of national heritage regarding traditional forms of physical activity that come from national cultures.

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Dobromir D. Dimitrov, Veselin I. Kirov, Borislav A. Ignatov, Boris D. Tsankov, Hyuliya E. Feradova, Vasya Vutova, Silviya P. Hristova, Vasil D. Nanev, Genoveva B. Valcheva and Tashko S. Deliyski

JC, Lee RJ, Prescott RJ, Doherty VR. A comparison of dermatologists', surgeons' and general practitioners' surgical management of cutaneous melanoma. Br J Dermatol. 2004; 151 (3):636-44. 11. Morton DL, Thompson JF, Essner R, Elashoff R, Stem S, Nieweg O, et al. Validation of the accuracy of intraoperative lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymphadenectomy for early-stage melanoma. Ann Surg. 1999;230(4):453-63. 12. Bostick P, Esner R, Glass E. Comparison of Blue Dye and Probe-Assisted Intraoperative Lymphatic Mapping in Melanoma to

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Regina Komsa-Penkova, Svetla J. Todinova, Tonya D. Andreeva, Sashka B. Krumova, Stefka G. Taneva, Georgi M. Golemanov, Galia A. Georgieva, Nikolina M. Mihaylova, Andrey I. Tchorbanov and Pencho T. Tonchev

J, editors. Williams Hematology. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional; 2005. p. 1357-408. 4. Pompe T, Glorius S, Bischoff T, Uhlmann 1, Kaufmann M, Brenner S, et al. Dissecting the impact of matrix anchorage and elasticity in cell adhesion. Biophys J. 2009;97(8):2154-63. 5. Engler AJ, Sen S, Sweeney HL, Discher DE. Matrix elasticity directs stem cell lineage specification. Cell. 2006.126:677-89. 6. McBeath R, Pirone DM, Nelson CM, Bhadriraju K, Chen CS. Cell shape, cytoskeletal tension, and RhoA regulate stem

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Stefka Valcheva-Kuzmanova, Miroslav Eftimov, Iren Beleheva, Roman Tashev and Stiliana Beleheva

. 2010;l 3(2):255-69. 30. Spenoer JPE, Rice-Evans C, Wiliams RJ. Modulation of pro-survival Akvprotcin kinase B and ERK1/2 signaling cascades by quercetin and its in vivo metabolites underlie their action on neuronal viability. J Biol Chem. 2003; 278(37):34783-93. 31 .Gage FH. Mammalian neural stem oclk. Scicnoc. 2000;287(5457): 1433-8. 32. Wiliams RJ, Spencer JP, Ricc-Evans C. Flavonoids: an tioxidants or signalling molecules? Free Radic Biol Med. 2004;36(7):83fW9. 33. Vauzour D, Vafei Adou K, Ricc

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Vera E. Papochieva, Dimitrinka S. Miteva, Penka I. Perenovska and Guergana Petrova

, Bandini G, Biondi A, et al. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for refractory Langerhans cell histiocytosis: outcome by intensity of conditioning. BrJ Haematol. 2015; 169(5):711-8. 40. Arico M, Astigarraga I, Braier J, Donadieu J, Gadner H, Glogova E, et al. Lack of bone lesions at diagnosis is associated with inferior outcome in multisystem langerhans cell histiocytosis of childhood. Br J Haematol. 2015; 169(2):241 -8. 41. Egeler RM, Neglia JP, Puccetti DM, Brennan CA, Nesbit ME. Association of Langerhans cell histiocytosis with

Open access

Rebecca Sear

.1080/01615440.1986.9955249. Ruggles, Steven. 2010. “Stem Families and Joint Families in Comparative Historical Perspective.” Population and Development Review 36 (3). NIH Public Access: 563–77. Scelza, Brooke A, and Joan B Silk. 2014. “Fosterage as a System of Dispersed Cooperative Breeding: Evidence from the Himba.” Human Nature (Hawthorne, N.Y.) 25 (4): 448–64. doi:10.1007/s12110-014-9211-6. Schaffnit, Susan B, and Rebecca Sear. 2014. “Wealth Modifies Relationships between Kin and Women’s Fertility in High-Income Countries.” Behavioral Ecology 25 (4): 834–42. doi:10.1093/beheco