References Aycock, R. 1966. Stem rot and other diseases caused by Sclerotium rolfsii. North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin, 174, 202. Branch, W.D. and Brenneman, T.B. 1999. Stem rot disease evaluation of mass-selected peanut populations. Crop Protection, 18: 127-130. Brewster, V. 2001. Southern blight, Southern stem blight, White mold. APS net. Online publication. Erkilic, A., Guven, B. and Akgul, D.S. 2006. Eff ects of some plant activators and plant materials on
A.A. Eslami, S.A. Khodaparast, S. Mousanejad and F. Padasht Dehkaei
Literature cited Abedi-Tizaki, M., Zafari, D. and Sadeghi, J. 2016. First report of Fusarium solani causing stem rot of Dracaena in Iran. Journal of Plant Protection Research , 56: 100-103. Aoki, T., O’Donnell, K. and Geiser, D.M. 2014. Systematics of key phytopathogenic Fusarium species: current status and future challenges. Journal of General Plant Pathology , 80: 189–201. Arias, M.M.D., Munkvold, G.P. and Leandro. L.F. 2011. First report of Fusarium proliferatum causing root rot on soybean ( Glycine max ) in the United States
M. Ghasemialitappeh, M. Sadravi and A. Mirabadi
Trichoderma fungus species are highly populations of fungi in world that they can colonize roots as plant symbiosis. Various types of Trichoderma are free-living fungi that are, generally, saprophytic on the remains of soil. In addition to its role in biological control, this fungus increases plant yield and growth. So far, many studies have been conducted to examine the ability of this agent to reduce biological tensions and biological control of plant pathogens. Thus, this study was conducted to isolate and identify species of Trichoderma fungus from rapeseed fields in Golestan and Qazvin province from Iran, and also to study isolated species on germination percentage and growth parameters of rapeseed seedlings in a randomized complete block design with three replications in vitro. Based on the results, three species of T. harzianum, T. virens, and T. atroviride were identified, which the isolate of T. harzianum Ta19 showed a significant effect on the control group and other treatments in increasing germination percentage, root length and stem; whereas, the seeds treated with the isolate T. atroviride Ta11 showed no significant difference with the control group in spite of the increase in seed germination rate in comparison with the control and other treatments. According to the results, the use of Trichoderma fungus as a seed treatment like other researches on different products is recommended for increasing the growth of rapeseed.
Andrzej Pacholczak, Karolina Nowakowska, Natalia Mika and Monika Borkowska
rooting in leafy rose stem cuttings and starch dynamics following severance. Acta Hort. 751: 495-502. D irr M.A., 2009. Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Stipes Publishing L.L.C., Champaign, France. D obrzański A., A nyszka Z., E lkner K., 2008. Reakcja marchwi na ekstrakty pochodzenia naturalnego z alg z rodzaju Sargassum – AlgaminoPlant i z leonardytu – HumiPlant [Carrot response to natural extracts from Sargassum algae – AlgaminoPlant and from leonardit – HumiPlant]. J. Res. Appl. Agric. Engng. 53: 53-58. D ubois M., G illes K.A., H amilton
Maria Gawęda and Zofia Nizioł-Łukaszewska
atmospheres. Post. Biol. Technol. 41: 181-190. Escalona V.H., Aguayo E., Artes F., 2007 a. Modified atmosphere packaging improved quality of kohlrabi stems. LWT 40: 397-403. Escalona V.H., Aguayo E., Artes F., 2007 b. Quality changes of fresh-cut kohlrabi sticks under modified atmosphere packaging. J. Food Sci. 72: 303-307. Escalona V.H., Aguayo E., Artes F., 2007 c. Extending the shelf life of kohlrabi stems by modified atmosphere packaging. J. Food Sci. 72: 308
Cao D. Dung, Kevin Seaton and Zora Singh
.E., 1995. Source-sink relationship and Protea postharvest leaf blackening. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 120: 475-480. H e S., J oyce D.C., I rving D.E., 2006. Competition for water between inflorescences and leaves in cut flowering stems of Grevillea ‘Crimson Yul-lo’. J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 81: 891-897. J oyce D.C., 1988. Posthavest characteristics of Geraldton wax flowers. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 113: 738-742. J oyce D.C., 1993. Posthavest floral fall in Geraldton wax flower ( Chamelaucium uncinatum Schauer). Aust. J. Exp. Agric. 33: 481
Elżbieta Jędrszczyk and Anna M. Ambroszczyk
The effect of different methods of NANO-GRO® application on tomato plant growth and yield and its quality was determined. Four treatments were used: soaking seeds with NANO-GRO®, plants spraying, double application: soaking seeds + plants spraying and a control without NANO-GRO®. The cultivar Mieszko F1 was used for the study. A significant influence of NANO-GRO® application method on tomato plant growth, yield and quality was observed. Pre-sowing application positively influenced plant height and the thickness of the stems. The highest total and marketable yield was observed in plants whose seeds were soaked with NANO-GRO® (respectively 87.02 and 53.13 t ha−1) and in those with double application (respectively 73.48 and 45.67 t ha−1). The lowest marketable yield was found in the plants from the control (37.01 t ha−1). The highest lycopene content compared to the control was measured in fruits from plants sprayed with NANO-GRO®.
A.I. Darras, A. Kotsiras, C. Delis, K. Nifakos, E. Pavlakos and V. Demopoulos
Plants have to cope with a number of biotic stresses among which, infectious diseases. The present study was conducted to investigate the reaction of two native Greek tomato vars, ‘Chondrokatsari Messinias’ and ‘Katsari Santorinis’, to infection by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici and Rhizoctonia solani. Disease symptoms, disease incidence and severity were recorded and the effects of infection on the number of flowers, the biomass production (fresh and dry weight), CO2 assimilation, stomatal conductance and transpiration were also evaluated. Both tomato varieties were susceptible to F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici and R. solani infection. However, ‘Chondrokatsari Messinias’ was found to be less susceptible to F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici compared to ‘Katsari Santorinis’. Both pathogens negatively affected biomass production of var. ‘Chondrokatsari Messinias’ but not that of ‘Katsari Santorinis’. The number of fl owers produced by ‘Chondrokatsari Messinias’ was negatively affected by R. solani but not by F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. Infection of both varieties by R. solani also caused reduction in the CO2 assimilation, stomatal conductance and transpiration.
R. Seyed Sharifi, R. Khalilzadeh and M. Vatandoost
in linear rate of grain growth and contribution of stem reserves to grain yield in wheat. Field Crop Res., 106: 34-43. El-Habbasha, S.F. & Taha, M.H. (2011). Integration between nitrogen fertilizer levels and bio-inoculants and its effect on canola (Brassica napus L.) plants. Am.-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 11(6): 786-791. Fathia, A. & Jiriaieb, M. (2014). Interaction of PGPR and water deficit stress on yield and protein percent in wheat. Adv. Crop Sci., 4: 82-90. Frederick, J.R. & Camberato, J.J. (1995). Water
M.A.H. Darwish, W.Z.E Farhat and A. El Sabagh
.01.001. El-Sayed, O.A. (2015). Further studies on stem rust disease of wheat in Egypt. Ph. D., Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura Univ, Egypt. FAO (2016). Rust-Stem: Ug99 (Race TTKSK). Wheat Rust Disease Global Programme, FAO, AGP Division, Room C797, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153, Rome, Italy. Available in online: http://www.fao.org/agriculture/crops/rust/stem/rust-report/stemug99racettksk/en/ Hermas, G.A. & El-Sawi, S.A. (2015). Inheritance of stem rust Resistance and some yield components in crosses from five Egyptian wheat cultivars. Egypt