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Moral dilemmas in professions of public trust and the assumptions of ethics of social consequences

Abstract

The aim of the article is to show the possibility of applying assumptions from ethics of social consequences when making decisions about actions, as well as in situations of moral dilemmas, by persons performing occupations of public trust on a daily basis. Reasoning in the article is analytical and synthetic. Article begins with an explanation of the basic concepts of “profession” and “the profession of public trust” and a manifestation of the difference between these terms. This is followed by a general description of professions of public trust. The area and definition of moral dilemmas is emphasized. Furthermore, representatives of professions belonging to them are listed. After a brief characterization of axiological foundations and the main assumptions of ethics of social consequences, actions according to Vasil Gluchman and Włodzimierz Galewicz are discussed and actions in line with ethics of social consequences are transferred to the practical domain. The article points out that actions in professional life are obligatory, impermissible, permissible, supererogatory and unmarked in the moral dimension. In the final part of the article an afterthought is included on how to solve moral dilemmas when in the position of a representative of the profession of public trust. The article concludes with a summary report containing the conclusions that stem from ethics of social consequences for professions of public trust, followed by short examples.

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The challenge of brain death for the sanctity of life ethic

Definition of Irreversible Coma. In: Journal of the American Medical Association , 205(6), pp. 337–340. SHEWMON, D. A. (1998a): Chronic ‘Brain Death’: Meta-Analysis and Conceptual Consequences. In: Neurology , 51(6), pp. 1538–1545. SHEWMON, D. A. (1998b): ‘Brain-stem death’, ‘brain death’ and death: a critical re-evaluation of the purported equivalence. In: Issues in Law & Medicine , 14(2), pp. 125–145. SHEWMON, D. A. (1999): Chronic ‘Brain Death’: Meta-Analysis and Conceptual Consequences [response to letters]. In: Neurology , 53(6), pp. 1369

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