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Sabina Galiniak, Izabela Krawczyk-Merć and Agnieszka Pedrycz

B ibliography 1. Angelos MG, Kaufman DS. Pluripotent stem cell applications for regenerative medicine. Curr Opin Organ Transplant 2015; 20(6):663-70, DOI 10.1097/MOT.0000000000000244. 2. Paździorek PR. Mathematical model of stem cell differentiation and tissue regeneration with stochastic noise. Bull Math Biol 2014; 76(7):1642-69, DOI 10.1007/s11538-014-9971-5. 3. Jaenisch R, Young R. Stem cells, the molecular circuitry of pluripotency and nuclear reprogramming. Cell 2008; 13: 567-582, DOI 10.1016/j.cell.2008.01.015. 4. Evans MJ, Kaufman

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Vesna Zupančič and Majda Pahor



The contribution’s aim is highlighting the differences in understanding non-governmental organizations’ (NGOs) role in the mental health area within the public support network for patients with mental health problems from various viewpoints, in order to achieve progress in supporting patients with mental health problems in local communities.


Qualitative data gathered as a part of a cross-sectional study of NGOs in the support network for patients with mental health problems in two Slovenian health regions (56 local communities), carried out in 2013 and 2014, were used. Qualitative analysis of interviews, focus groups and answers to an open survey question was performed.


There are differences in understanding NGOs’ role in the support network for patients with mental health problems, which stem from the roles of stakeholders (local community officials, experts, care providers, and patients) within this system and their experience.

Discussion and conclusion

The actual differences need to be addressed and overcome in order to provide integrated community care. The importance of knowing the current state of NGOs in their life cycle and the socio-chronological context of the local community support network is evident.

Open access

Witold Rekowski and Eliza Grządkowska


Introduction: Lack of legal regulations regarding the profession of physiotherapist in Poland results in lack of formal obligation to develop professionally which characterises other medical professions. Physiotherapists may raise their qualifications by participating in specialisation courses commissioned by the Medical Centre of Postgraduate Studies (Centrum Medyczne Kształcenia Podyplomowego). Outside the system of education, the education market offers a wide array of courses and professional training schemes. Physiotherapy students, especially MSc students, take part in such courses. The following research stems from the desire to specify the range and characteristics of professional development during MSc studies as well as to establish the factors encouraging this phenomenon. Material and methods: The research was conducted using a specially designed anonymous questionnaire. The test sample consisted of 152 second-year MSc students studying physiotherapy at a public physical education academy. Results: 3/4 of the research respondents participate in various forms of professional development available on the market, while 1/4 remain passive. Half of the students tested participated in two or more courses during their studies. Massage, physiotherapeutic methods, kinesio taping and manual therapy are the most popular course choices. Most often (62% of cases) the costs of such courses amount up to 5,000 PLN, one fifth of the students allocates up to 10,000 PLN for this purpose. The courses are mainly financed by the students' families or by the students themselves. Some social characteristics and studying conditions are factors conductive to undertaking such activity. Conclusions: Raising qualifications during studies is a widespread phenomenon. The aim of participation in courses is mainly to supplement knowledge with additional information, not available during studies. The main motives underlying such activity are cognitive reasons and improvement of one's situation in the work market.

Open access

Sylwia Sztuce and Małgorzata Łukowicz

viability, proliferation and neural differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells-derived neural crest stem cells. Biotechnology Lett 2013;35(12):2201-2212. Błaszczak E, Franek A, Taradaj J, Dolibog P. Ocena dynamiki procesu gojenia owrzodzeń żylnych leczonych za pomocą wybranych metod fizykalnych. Fizjoterapia 2007;15(1):3-16. Mostafa J, Yadollahpour A, Rezaee Z, Rashidi S. Electromagnetic fields and ultrasound waves in wound treatment: a comparative review of therapeutic outcomes. Biosci Biotechnol Res Asia 2015

Open access

Emilia Mikołajewska and Dariusz Mikołajewski

: Wydawnictwo Lekarskie PZWL; 2011. 6. Dayan E, Cohen LG. Neuroplasticity subserving motor skill learning. Neuron 2011; 72(3): 443-454. 7. Martino G, Pluchino S, Bonfanti L, Schwartz M. Brain regeneration in physiology and pathology: the immune signature driving therapeutic plasticity of neural stem cells. Physiol Rev 2011; 91(4): 1281-1304. 8. Bonfanti L, Peretto P. Adult neurogenesis in mammals - a theme with many variations. Eur J Neurosci 2011; 34(6): 930-950. 9. Dancause N, Nudo RJ. Shaping plasticity to

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Draženka Pongrac Barlovič, Andrej Zavratnik, Aleš Skvarča, Karmen Janša, Bojana Vukelič, Marjeta Tomažič and Maja Ravnik Oblak

devote less attention to it. However, the way the mild hypoglycaemia is perceived might be crucial to prevent hypoglycaemia desensitisation and even hypoglycaemia unawareness, often stemming from repetitive hypoglycaemia ( 19 ). A similar trend in mild hypoglycaemia was seen in our type 2 diabetes patients. However, in this group, reported past incidence of nocturnal hypoglycaemia was higher than in the prospective part of the study, possibly indicating that experience of nocturnal hypoglycaemia is more stressful than day hypoglycaemia, and leads to oversizing its

Open access

Aleša Lotrič Dolinar, Petra Došenović Bonča and Jože Sambt

.05 −0.05 0.01 −0.13 0.36 0.40 0.15 0.02 −0.02 0.01 −0.20 85+ 0.28 0.56 0.12 0.05 −0.09 −0.02 −0.33 0.61 1.46 0.13 0.14 −0.12 −0.02 −0.99 All ages 2.05 1.39 0.58 0.70 −0.37 0.21 −0.46 2.01 2.31 0.91 0.33 −0.23 0.07 –1.38 Explanation of abbreviations: see Table 1 . If current mortality rates for Slovenia were to change to the levels of Spain in 2014, the largest contribution to longer e 0 would stem from lower mortality from circulatory diseases for both genders