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John Newman

: Clarendon Press. Dahl, Ivar 1938 Substantival inflexion in Early Old English, vocalic stems (Lund Studies in English 7). Lund: C. W. K. Gleerup. Fulk, R. D. 2010 "The roles of phonology and analogy in Old English high vowel deletion", Transactions of the Philological Society 108: 126-144. Hogg, Richard M. 2000 "On the (non-)existence of High Vowel Deletion", in: Aditi Lahiri (ed.), 353-377. Ker, Neil Ripley 1957 Catalogue of manuscripts containing Anglo-Saxon. Vol

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Concha Castillo

Abstract

This paper deals with the phenomenon of V-to-T movement, which is one of the major parameters differentiating Romance from the majority of modern Germanic languages, and it defends the idea that rich morphology is the cause or trigger of V-to-T: in Romance, in a modern Germanic language like Icelandic, and very particularly in Old English, the precursor of the modern English language. More generally, the discussion endorses the idea that all Germanic languages used to be V-to-T languages in their old periods. I begin by arguing that verbal forms in Spanish contain a specific kind of segment, namely the stem or thematic vowel, which gives rise to morphological variations or asymmetries across tenses in the language. Such a productive system of stem verb classes is also shown to be the case in Icelandic, though not in German (which is therefore rendered as non-V-to-T), and ultimately it is acknowledged for a language like OE. The hypothesis is that the syntactic computation of (OE) verbal forms demands it that the speaker first identifies the verb class that the form in question belongs to before tackling the processing of tense morphology and agreement morphology. In pure syntactic terms, the stem or thematic vowel segment is identified in the present account with a v-feature that T must value, which valuation is realised by means of the displacement of the verb to the T head, that is, by means of V-to-T movement. After the valuation of T’s v-feature comes the valuation of τ-features and φ-features, respectively.

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Elizabeth K. Switaj

Abstract

Scenes of explicit teaching make only limited appearances in the university novel since World War II. While it would be easy – if cynical – to attribute this minimization to the devaluation of teaching in the modern university, the importance of teaching and learning to sympathetic characters (and their lack of importance to corrupted figures) suggests that this lack of focus on the classroom stems from something else. Indeed, university novels tend to be fairly conservative aesthetically, and the demands of traditional narrative make extended classroom scenes difficult if not impossible to manage. Because of these narrative demands, learning and teaching take on different forms in the university novel, creating stories in which education corresponds to the struggle of teachers and students with and against administrators and buildings – stories that, therefore, resemble Leo van Lier’s observation about how remembering our own educations as stories contradicts more bureaucratic visions of learning. This observation holds true whether one considers better-known works of university fiction such as David Lodge’s Campus Trilogy, Mary McCarthy’s The Groves of Academe, and Julie Schumacher’s Dear Committee Members or lesser-known works produced by micro-presses and writers who are enabled by current technologies to publish electronically.

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Elisa Torres

. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kärre, Karl 1915 Nomina agentis in Old English. Uppsala: Akademiska Bokhandeln. Kastovsky, Dieter 1968 Old English deverbal substantives derived by means of a zero morpheme. [Ph.D. dissertation, Tübingen, Eberhard-Karls-Universität.] Kastovsky, Dieter 1986 "Deverbal nouns in Old and Modern English: From stem-formation to wordformation", in: Jacek Fisiak (ed.), 221-261. Kastovsky, Dieter 1989 "Typological changes in the history of

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Paulina Kolasińska

References Kuhn, Sherman M. (ed.). 1965. The Vespasian Psalter. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Aronoff, Mark. [1994] 1996. Morphology by itself: Stems and inflectional classes. (2nd edn.). Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Ball, C. J. E. 1970. The language of the Vespasian Psalter gloss: Two caveats. The Review of English Studies, New Series 21, 84. 462-465. Beard, Robert. 1995. Lexeme-morpheme base morphology: A general

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Eduardo Valls Oyarzun

Abstract

The author of this paper lays out a system of hermeneutics based on the idea of morbidity aimed at checking the commitment (or the lack thereof) of individual subjects to Victorian ethics. The system stems from Thomas Carlyle’s political agenda based on his concept of “hero worship”. The system is then deployed in order to probe into the purported morbidity of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. According to the author of this paper, the character of Marlow represents a curious mixture of the heroic archetype proposed by Carlyle, combined with new critical standpoints from other philosophical programmes (specifically Nietzsche’s) proposed at the end of the nineteenth century. Firstly, the author of this paper tackles the prototype of the hero (a sort of medium between reality and Divine Truth) Thomas Carlyle posited in his On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History (1841). The author of this paper then describes how Marlow shares some of the hero’s features (most notably social responsibility and work ethic), but fails to embody the main trait of Carlyle’s “great men”, namely, their ability to recognize Divine Truth. Indeed, rather than asserting the existence of the Truth, Marlow’s narrative reveals the existence of multiple truths, thus creating a sort of politically morbid revision of Carlyle’s formula.

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Jacob Thaisen

Abstract

This paper discusses glyphs of the 2-shaped or “round” allograph of the grapheme <r> with a tag protruding from the lower part of the stem, asking whether their distribution in a corpus of some 600 late Middle English texts can be meaningfully related to these texts’ localisation in A Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English. It discusses what localisation expresses, and uses regression modelling to show that there is no co-variation between the texts’ paleography and their orthography, although there is a measure of correlation between them. The evidence in favour is that the quantitative analysis identifies localisation in northings as a predictor of the occurrence of the tagged form of the allograph, which occurs at a higher frequency in texts localised below the Midlands line at c. 300 northings. The evidence against is the form’s scattered distribution according to the localisation variable where co-variation would imply a more clear-cut concentration of points, and also the moderate success at explaining the form’s distribution by means of variables known to explain orthographic variation.

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Carmen Novo Urraca and Laura Pesquera Fernández

. Tübingen: Eberhard-Karls-Universität. Kastovsky, Dieter. 1986. Deverbal nouns in Old and Modern English: From stem-formation to word-formation. In Jacek Fisiak (ed.), Historical semantics - historical word formation, 221-261. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Kastovsky, Dieter. 1989. Morphophonemic alternations and the history of English: Examples from Old English. In Manfred Markus (ed.), Historical English. On the occasion of KarlBrunner's 100th birthday, 112-123. Innsbruck: Universität. Kastovsky, Dieter. 1990. The typological status of Old English word formation

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Raquel Vea Escarza

. Kastovsky, Dieter. 1968. Old English deverbal substantives derived by means of a zero morpheme. Tübingen: Eberhard-Karls-Universität dissertation. Kastovsky, Dieter. 1971. The Old English suffix -ER(E). Anglia LXXXIX(3). 285-325. Kastovsky, Dieter. 1986. Deverbal nouns in Old and Modern English: From stem-formation to word-formation. In Jacek Fisiak (ed.), Historical semantics - Historical word formation, 221-261. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. Kastovsky, Dieter. 1989. Typological changes in the history of English morphology. In