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Pauls Zeltiņš, Juris Katrevičs, Arnis Gailis, Tiit Maaten, Jurģis Jansons and Āris Jansons

References Arhipova, N., Jansons, A., Zaluma, A., Gaitnieks, T., Vasaitis, R. 2015. Bark stripping of Pinus contorta caused by moose and deer: wounding patterns, discoloration of wood, and associated fungi. - Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45(10), 1434−1438. Burneviča, N., Jansons, Ā., Zaļuma, A., Kļaviņa, D., Jansons, J., Gaitnieks, T. 2016. Fungi inhabiting bark stripping wounds made by large game on stems of Picea abies (L.) Karst. in Latvia. - Baltic Forestry, 22(1), 2-7. Caspari, C.O., Sachsse, H

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Andres Kuusk, Mait Lang, Silja Märdla and Jan Pisek

, 216(1–3), 41–50. Press, W.H., Teukolsky, S.A., Vetterling, W.T., Flannery, B.P. 1992. Numerical recipes in FORTRAN. The art of scientific computing. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Real, P.L., Moore, J.A., Newberry, J.D. 1989. Principal components analysis of tree stem profiles. – Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 19, 1538–1542. Schilling, A., Schmidt, A., Maas, H.-G. 2011. Automatic tree detection and diameter estimation in terrestrial laser scanner point clouds. – Wendel, A., Sternig, S., Godec, M. (eds.). 16 th Computer Vision Winter

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Mostafa Abedi-Tizaki, Doustmorad Zafari and Jamal Sadeghi

References Abbasi M., Aliabadi F. 2008. First report of stem rot of Dracaena caused by Aspergillus niger in Iran. Plant Health Progress. DOI: 10.1094/PHP-2008-0212-01-BR. Available on: [Accessed: February 10, 2015] Baka Z.A.M., Krzywinski K. 1996. Fungi associated with leaf spots of Dracaena ombet (Kotschy and Peyr). Microbiological Research 151 (1): 49-56. Bobev S.G., Castlebury L.A., Rossman A.Y. 2008. First report of Colletotrichum

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Lidia Irzykowska and Anna Baturo

References Assigbetse K. B., Fernandez D., Boubios M. P., Geiger J. P. 1994. Differentiation of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum races on cotton by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Phytopathology 84: 622-626. Baturo A. 2007. Effect of organic system on spring barley stem base health in comparison with integrated and conventional farming. J. Plant Protection Res. 47 (2): 167-178. Bottalico A., Perrone G. 2002. Toxigenic Fusarium species and mycotoxins

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Andrey Pavlov, Janka Nôžková, Miroslava Šavrtková, Inna Matvienko and Nina Brutch


Plants of 13 fibre flax varieties were tested for their photosensitivity and differences of stems structure while grown in long and short daylight. It was detected that seven varieties did not change time of flowering in short 12 hours daylight in comparison with long 19 hours daylight. The extended diversity of fibre flax reactions on photoperiod changes and its relative independence of photosensitivity degree were found. Also, weak but significant correlation was found between photosensitivity coefficient and the degree of leaves number increase (r = 0.57). At the same time photo insensitive variety Belosnezhka improved leaves number up to 34%. Numbers of fibre bundles, their individual and total area on the stem cross section were not changed or reduced. Width, height, perimeter and shape of fibre bundles on a cross sections changed multidirectional. The areas of stem, its wooden part and cavity on a cross section showed no significant differences between plants grown in long and short day conditions. Evaluated flax characters were not strictly correlated with each other except those indicating the structure of fibre bundles. For breeding it is important that their relationships are not strongly influenced by the environment.

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Dariusz Piesik, Anna Wenda-Piesik, David Weaver, Tulio Macedo and Wendell Morrill

References Afshar A.S., Mousavi A., Majd A., Renu A.G. 2007. Double mutation in tomato ribosomal protein L3 cDNA confers tolerance to deoxynivalenol (DON) in transgenic tobacco. Pakistan J. Biol. Sci. 10: 2327-2333. Bartelt R.J., Cossé A.A., Petroski R.J., Weaver D.K. 2002. Cuticular hydrocarbons and novel alkenediol diacetates from wheat stem sawfly ( Cephus cinctus ): natural oxidation to pheromone components. J. Chem. Ecol. 28: 385-405. Burlakoti R.R., Estrada R. Jr., Rivera

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Dorota Gala, Anna Gorczyca, Andrzej Oleksy and Marek Kołodziejczyk

content in durum wheat grain. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 109 (2): 109-115. Nieróbca A., Pudełko R., Kozyra J. 2008. Nasilenie występowania chorób podstawy źdźbła na pszenicy ozimej w zależności od stanowiska w zmianowaniu. [The incidence of stem base diseases on winter wheat depending on the position in the crop rotation]. Prog. Plant Prot./Post. Ochr. Roślin 48 (2): 482-486. Perkowski J., Stracowiak J., Kiecana I., Golinski P., Chelkowski J. 1997. Natural occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins in Polish cereals. Cereal Res. Commun. 25 (3/1): 379

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Grzegorz Lemańczyk

. A., Termorshuizen A. J., Raaijmakers J. M., van Bruggen A. H. C. 2005. Effect of mixed and single crops on disease suppressiveness of soils. Phytopathology 95 (11): 1325-1332. Kurowski T. P. 2002. Studia nad chorobami podsuszkowymi zbóż uprawianych w wieloletnich monokulturach. Rozpr. Nauk. UW-M Olsztyn 56, 86 pp. Kurowski T. P., Adamiak E. 2007. Occurrence of stem base diseases of four cereal species grown in long-term monocultures. Pol. J. Nat. Sci. 22 (4): 574-583. Lemańczyk G. 2009

Open access

Wendu Admasu Darge

Research Bulletin 220, 110 p. Rayner R.W. 1970. A mycological colour chart. CMI and British Mycological Society, Kew, Surry, 34 p. Sulaiman R., Thanarajoo S.S., Kadir J., Vadamalai G. 2012. First report of Lasiodiplodia theobromae causing stem canker of Jatropha curcas in Malaysia. Plant Disease 96(5): 767. DOI: 10.1094/pdis-06-11-0482-pdn. Slippers B., Summerell B.A., Crous P.W., Coutinho T.A., Wingfield B.D., Wingfield M.J. 2005. Pre-liminary studies on Botryosphaeria species from Southern Hemisphere conifers in Australasia and South Africa

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Dominik Tomaszewski and Jerzy Zieliński

epicuticular waxes on living plant surfaces imaged by atomic force microscopy (AFM). J. Exp. Bot. 55: 711-718. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erh077 Riederer M. & Müller C. (eds.). 2006. Biology of the Plant Cuticle. 438 pp. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. Tomaszewski D. & Zieliński J. 2014. Epicuticular wax structures on stems and comparison between stems and leaves - A survey. Flora 209: 215-232. DOI: 10.1016/j. flora.2014.03.001