A National Comparison of Role Perceptions and Ethical Stances among Finnish Political Journalists
To date, specialised sub-groups of journalists have received little attention in comparative studies of the professional values of journalists. To shed new light on the situation in Finland, this article explores the role perceptions and ethical stances of an elite group of reporters – political journalists – in comparison with other Finnish journalists. A statistical analysis of two surveys from the Worlds of Journalism Study (WJS) project is undertaken, indicating that political journalists stand out from others by endorsing the role of analytical independent watchdogs and by maintaining more distance to audiences and commercialism. Ethically, they are more cautious than other journalists in using controversial reporting practices. These attributes should stem from the demands of political journalism and the high status of this form of journalism in newsrooms. Political journalists are also more uniform in their values than other sub-groups, but their uniformity is likely to be challenged by current external and internal pressures.
The so-called German Weimar Cinema encompasses a profusion of films that used frame narratives. In the case of Paul Leni’s Waxworks (Das Wachsfigurenkabinett, 1924), as the framing stems from a literary act (the stories are framed by the act of narration), the film proposes the mise-en-abyme technique as a sort of immersion into the intermedial when it deals with notions like speaking, writing, silence, image and cinema. In the case of silent cinema, and especially in Waxworks, the presence of a perverse relation with the medium of writing becomes noticeable (producing a fantasy of writing), since every effort to represent the literary act on film results in an infinite production of silent images, creating a parody effect and even postulating an act of aggression against writing. This confrontational relation between the writing code and the code of the mute image in silent cinema allows us to suggest that there is an inherent inflexibility in the language of silent cinema which does not allow the coexistence of written and spoken word as complementary codes. On the contrary, in silent cinema, the image and the silence of the film seem to work against the word, the spoken word being set forth against silence, and the written word against images.
important efforts have been made to streamline text mining workflows by providing a library of natural language processing (NLP) tools (e.g., stemmers, parsers, and named entity recognizers) that can be connected together in a pipeline Manning, Surdeanu, Bauer, Finkel, Bethard, McClosky, D., 2014 ; Savova, Masanz, Ogren, Zheng, Sohn, Kipper-Schuler, Chute, 2010 ; Batista-Navarro, Carter, Ananiadou, 2016 ; Clarke, Srikumar, Sammons, Roth, 2012 ). In addition, there are valuable machine learning packages that provide machine learning algorithms in a user-friendly manner
that have been included in at least 3,000 publications. The keywords are sorted in descending order. “Embryonic stem-cells” has 2.52 YK and “innate human immunity” has 1.57 YK.
Best 30 performers in terms of YK.
embryonic stem-cells; carbon nanotubes; field-effect transistors; graphite; genome-wide association; caenorhabditis-elegans; DNA methylation; living cells; regulatory t-cells; gold nanoparticles; tgf-beta; one-pot synthesis; quantum dots; functionalization; electrodes; acute myeloid-leukemia; long-term potentiation; activated
Minghong Chen, Jingye Qu, Yuan Xu and Jiangping Chen
, information extraction, and summarization requires understanding of the meaning of the texts, and has been challenging.
This study applies three types of text analysis/processing: (1) low-level natural language processing such as stop-word identification and filtering and stemming. The result helps to create a high quality word cloud that reveals the most frequent content words from the abstracts of the projects; (2) descriptive or bibliometric analysis. This is possible because the records of these NSF projects are well-organized datasets, as described in Table 1
://dumps.wikimedia.org/enwiki/20160701/ was used for Wiki-DP. It was downloaded on March 5, 2016, and contains 5.79 million articles. Only the title and the content of each article were kept. Tags, references, external links and see also parts were all removed. The Wikipedia collection was first performed to stop word removal and stemming using Porter stemmer, and it was then indexed by Indri.
Summary of experiment topics and collections.
2014 CDS Track
Ahmed AlKalbani, Hepu Deng, Booi Kam and Xiaojuan Zhang
evaluated in a specific situation.
There are three types of external pressures that an organization has to consider including coercive pressures, normative pressures, and mimetic pressures ( Davidsson et al., 2006 ; Cavusoglu et al., 2015 ). Coercive pressures force organizations to adopt certain institutionalized regulations and practices with respect to the security of organizational information in managing the organization ( Hu et al., 2007 ). Such pressures stems from government laws and regulations that force organizations to act in compliance to certain rules and
determine optimal parameter settings on our training topics. These optimal settings were then used on the 334 test topics to produce the results presented in the remainder of this paper.
We optimized three different parameters:
Degree of smoothing . The λ parameter controls the influence of the collection language model, with higher values giving more influence to the collection language model. We varied λ in steps of 0.1, from 0.0 to 1.0.
Stopword filtering . Either no filtering or using the SMART stop word list.
Stemming . Either no
, length, weight, and multiple measures of the same tree… whether the branch, or the wood, or just the stem of the tree. Those are some of the attributes that we can query by and use to tie together studies from different sources.”
Often, standardized attributes help access and manipulate data and thus make processing, joining, and extracting subsets of data easier.
Burgeoning Data Repositories and Archival Systems
Speaking of the emergence and abundance of different data repositories and archival systems, the scientists, on the one hand, applaude the
Zhao, D., & Strotmann, A. (2011). Counting first, last, or all authors in citation analysis: A comprehensive comparison in the highly collaborative stem cell research field. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology , 62 (4), 654–676. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.21495 10.1002/asi.21495 Zhao D. Strotmann A. 2011 Counting first, last, or all authors in citation analysis: A comprehensive comparison in the highly collaborative stem cell research field Journal of the American Society for