In Belarus the state systematically hinders the development of civil society. NGOs have difficulties registering, functioning and sustaining their organisations. Some individuals related to the civil sector are persecuted, fined, imprisoned. Therefore a number of NGOs are registered abroad and civil society activists move with them to continue their work on Belarusian issues. In this article we aim to define people who left Belarus in order to work for Belarus as Belarusian Political Nomads, using the notion of transnational subjectivity to explore their migration strategies.
The article is based on 15 semi-structured interviews held in London (UK) and Vilnius (LT). Interviews were analysed using the concepts of transnational subjectivities and political nomadism, and combining elements from a critical events narrative analysis approach.
People who left Belarus to work for Belarus are Belarusian Political Nomads, because they create new democratic development visions for Belarus. Their individual political motivation can stem from the critical events that were registered in this research as turning points. Informants, individual conditions, histories and life experiences influence the outcomes of these events in terms of interpretation and induced motivation to engage in civil society activities.
Belarusian Political Nomads form their migration strategies on the basis of their transnational subjectivities, which can be characterised by temporal and symbolic relations to the receiving country, and long-term intensive dissociative relations to the sending countries’ political regime, as well as a strong relationship to the new visions of Belarus.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS), established in 1863, is the United States’ leading science and technology think-tank, with an active commitment to advising government. Over the last 150 years, the NAS has, both independently and in conjunction with the federal government, investigated and reported on various issues of importance, ranging from space exploration and biosecurity, to STEM education and immigration. Due to growing concerns about particular disciplines (and specifically their application in legal proceedings), one issue the NAS has reported on between 1992 and 2009 is forensic science. Specifically, the NAS has published six reports commenting on the status of forensic science evidence in the USA, namely DNA Technology in Forensic Science (1992), The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence (1996), The Polygraph and Lie Detection (2003), Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence (2004), Ballistic Imaging (2008), and Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009). The response of stakeholders (including from political, legal, and academic spheres) to these reports has varied, ranging from shifts in practice and full acknowledgement, to considerable struggles to effectuate systemic reform. Using the different experiences of two reports – Forensic Analysis: Weighing Bullet Lead Evidence (2004) and Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009) – as a vehicle, this article suggests how the NAS can strengthen the impact of its forensic science reporting, and how stakeholders can better harness the expertise of the NAS.
No author named. "Sharia arbitration in Britain." The World (March 15, 2010) // http://www.theworld.org/2010/03/sharia-arbitration-in-britain/
Pailet, Carrie H. "Abortion and Physician-Assisted Suicide: is there a Constitutional Right to both?" Loyola Journal of Public Interest Law 8 (2006-2007): 45-72.
Parker, Sharon M. "Bringing the ‘Gospel of Life’ to American Jurisprudence: A religious, ethical and philosophical critique of Federal Funding for Embryonic Stem Cell Research." Journal of Contemporary Health
participate in the process; those interests are diffused, difficult to organize, or lack the resources to invest in political action. Further, neither the judiciary nor the President is in the business of blocking corrupted, welfare-reducing legislation. Finally, most corrupted legislation is obscure, hidden in important unrelated bills, and devoid of interest to the media and media audiences. The canonical checks and balances simply do not work in stemming non-salient, welfare-reducing, and redistributive legislation and regulation.
A major purpose of any democratic
, discipline, effort, environment, genetics, identity, mindset, motivation, resilience, and time. Education professor Jin Li analyzes fundamental differences in the cultural orientations that exist between European-American and East Asian attitudes towards learning, despite both cultures having similar educational content in their K-12 systems and valuing the goal of learning. Jin Li, Cultural Foundations of Learning: East and West (2012). In a European-American model of learning stemming from a Western intellectual tradition of Socrates, the goal of education is to
jurisprudence, and which ultimately led to two judicial appointments under Reagan: one to the U.S. Court of Appeals (D.C. Circuit) in 1982, and the other to the Supreme Court in 1986. Scalia’s ascension to the Court, like so many other SCOTUS justices, was a reward for political service. But would Scalia fulfill his judicial “mandate” as a Reagan nominee, or would he feel unshackled by his lifetime appointment to the nation’s highest court?
The idea of judicial mandates arises from the fact that in the U.S. federal judicial appointment stems from a political process
theory that purports to serve as a basis for the building blocks of national government. J OHN R AWLS , A T HEORY O F J USTICE (rev. ed., 1999). Rawls assumes that in each society there are both shared and conflicting interests. Shared interests stem from the realization that cooperation is preferable to each individual acting alone. Conflicting interests are rooted in each individual’s concern with the societal distribution of rights and obligations. Id . at 4. For this reason, says Rawls, it is necessary to create several principles to allow for the just
would mean that the concerns over the ISDS proceedings stemming from fears of possible erosion of a state’s regulatory authority still apply to the ISDS proceedings of the four agreements.
Joint Committees of the four free trade agreements are also supposed to play an important role in the administration of the agreements. These committees are non-binding consultative bodies, but offer a forum to discuss and resolve disputes arising from the free trade agreements. At the same time, the committees are tasked with organizing, administering and monitoring dispute
helped provide a broad representation of years. Before drawing central understandings regarding the Court’s conceptualization of the nature of truth from the discourse put forth in these cases, the primary facts, questions, ideas, and overall outcomes are briefly outlined.
Pennekamp v. Florida
In Pennekamp , in 1946, the Court overturned a Florida Supreme Court decision to uphold contempt charges against editors at the Miami Herald . The charges stemmed from editorials the criticized Dade County judges’ decisions. Pennekamp v. Florida, 328 U.S. 331, 349
of the 18 th TiSA Negotiation Round , supra note 84, at 2-3. It is recalled that TiSA negotiating parties seek to conclude their negotiations by the end of 2016. Services Trade in Focus as TISA , TTIP , RCEP Aim for 2016 Conclusion 20 Bridges Weekly 1 (Mar. 4, 2016).
Next to services, market access in public procurement holds the biggest potential for new economic opportunities. This potential stems from the fact that public procurement stands for a very sizeable portion of GDP both in the European Union and the United States, and