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Gabriela Belova and Anna Hristova

://pangeaupr.org/2015/04/17/case-note-brustle-v-greenpeace/ [14-15] http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.bg/2014/12/the-cjeu-clarifies-when-stem-cells-can.html [16] http://analysis1921.rssing.com/chan-30137355/all_p5.html [17-18] http://eulawanalysis.blogspot.bg/2014/12/the-cjeu-clarifies-when-stem-cells-can.html [19] http://humanistfederation.eu/ckfinder/userfiles/files/our-work/SRHR/IB%208%20European%20Citizens'%20Inititative%20-%20One%20of%20Us.pdf [20] http://www.oneofus.eu/initiative-explanation/ [21] http

Open access

Viktorija Rusinaitė

Abstract

In Belarus the state systematically hinders the development of civil society. NGOs have difficulties registering, functioning and sustaining their organisations. Some individuals related to the civil sector are persecuted, fined, imprisoned. Therefore a number of NGOs are registered abroad and civil society activists move with them to continue their work on Belarusian issues. In this article we aim to define people who left Belarus in order to work for Belarus as Belarusian Political Nomads, using the notion of transnational subjectivity to explore their migration strategies.

The article is based on 15 semi-structured interviews held in London (UK) and Vilnius (LT). Interviews were analysed using the concepts of transnational subjectivities and political nomadism, and combining elements from a critical events narrative analysis approach.

People who left Belarus to work for Belarus are Belarusian Political Nomads, because they create new democratic development visions for Belarus. Their individual political motivation can stem from the critical events that were registered in this research as turning points. Informants, individual conditions, histories and life experiences influence the outcomes of these events in terms of interpretation and induced motivation to engage in civil society activities.

Belarusian Political Nomads form their migration strategies on the basis of their transnational subjectivities, which can be characterised by temporal and symbolic relations to the receiving country, and long-term intensive dissociative relations to the sending countries’ political regime, as well as a strong relationship to the new visions of Belarus.

Open access

Stefan Kirchner

://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/infinite-justice.htm No author named. "Sharia arbitration in Britain." The World (March 15, 2010) // http://www.theworld.org/2010/03/sharia-arbitration-in-britain/ Pailet, Carrie H. "Abortion and Physician-Assisted Suicide: is there a Constitutional Right to both?" Loyola Journal of Public Interest Law 8 (2006-2007): 45-72. Parker, Sharon M. "Bringing the ‘Gospel of Life’ to American Jurisprudence: A religious, ethical and philosophical critique of Federal Funding for Embryonic Stem Cell Research." Journal of Contemporary Health

Open access

Bruce M. Owen

participate in the process; those interests are diffused, difficult to organize, or lack the resources to invest in political action. Further, neither the judiciary nor the President is in the business of blocking corrupted, welfare-reducing legislation. Finally, most corrupted legislation is obscure, hidden in important unrelated bills, and devoid of interest to the media and media audiences. The canonical checks and balances simply do not work in stemming non-salient, welfare-reducing, and redistributive legislation and regulation. A major purpose of any democratic

Open access

Francesco Gaspari

Abstract

Over the last decades, international air transport liberalization has steadily evolved. As a consequence, many initiatives all over the world have paved the way to enhance international air transport liberalization, and numerous models have been hypothesized for a new multilateral aviation regime to supplant bilateralism, which however, remains the primary vehicle for liberalizing international air transport services for most States. Th e present study aims at investigating the EU experience in the field of liberalization and re-regulation of air transport, taking into account the other approaches developed internationally, where relevant. Th e paper is divided into four sections. Aft er having introduced, in the first section, the different forms and venues of liberalization and regulation of international air transport, the process of Community liberalizations is analyzed, taking into account, on one side, the most recent air transport agreements in this field between the EU and third countries and, on the other side, the actual and potential benefits and drawbacks stemming from the implementation of these liberalization policies, which are still ongoing. In the last part of the paper, a new legal order in international air transport - stemming from the recent liberalization and re-regulation policies in the "Old Continent" - will be identified. In order to overcome the political and legal issues brought about by the liberalization and re-regulation of air transport worldwide, the paper concludes that stronger cooperation between international and regional actors must be implemented, and a global approach within a specialized international organization should be enhanced.

Open access

Marcy J. Robles

Summary

What is child marriage? The recognized definition does not adequately encompass the experience of child marriage. Child marriage stems from many elements, including coercion, force, and economic deprivation. Furthermore, child marriages have a long-term effect on child spouses, ranging from psychological damage, to health complications, to education and personal limitations. This paper argues that current international treaties and agreements do not specifically or directly address the issue of child marriage. Of those that make an attempt to, fail as a result of lack of enforcement or too much deference to religion as an exception of child marriage prohibition. In comparing three countries – The United States, India, and Canada, it is clear that Canadian policies work best and should be implemented on a larger scale. Current U.S. policies do not fully combat the child marriage phenomena, and although it is ahead of India in this area, it still has a long way to go in terms of development.

Open access

Caterina Corsica

Relationship Of A Ménage À Trois. Icsid Review - Foreign Investment Law Journal, 2000, Vol. 15, No. 2. Wenhua, Shan. The International Law Of Eu Investment In China. Chinese Journal Of International Law, 2002, Vol. 1, No. 2. Wierzbowski, Marek, Gubrynowicz, Aleksander. Conflict Of Norms Stemming From Intra-Eu Bits And Eu Legal Obligations: Some Remarks On Possible Solutions. In Binder, Christina, Kriebaum, Ursula, Reinisch, August, Wittich, Ste­phan (Eds). International Investment Law For The 21st Century: Essays In Honour Of Christoph

Open access

Brian Christopher Jones and Austin Sarat

jurisprudence, and which ultimately led to two judicial appointments under Reagan: one to the U.S. Court of Appeals (D.C. Circuit) in 1982, and the other to the Supreme Court in 1986. Scalia’s ascension to the Court, like so many other SCOTUS justices, was a reward for political service. But would Scalia fulfill his judicial “mandate” as a Reagan nominee, or would he feel unshackled by his lifetime appointment to the nation’s highest court? The idea of judicial mandates arises from the fact that in the U.S. federal judicial appointment stems from a political process

Open access

Peter H. Huang

, discipline, effort, environment, genetics, identity, mindset, motivation, resilience, and time. Education professor Jin Li analyzes fundamental differences in the cultural orientations that exist between European-American and East Asian attitudes towards learning, despite both cultures having similar educational content in their K-12 systems and valuing the goal of learning. Jin Li, Cultural Foundations of Learning: East and West (2012). In a European-American model of learning stemming from a Western intellectual tradition of Socrates, the goal of education is to

Open access

Roni Rosenberg

theory that purports to serve as a basis for the building blocks of national government. J OHN R AWLS , A T HEORY O F J USTICE (rev. ed., 1999). Rawls assumes that in each society there are both shared and conflicting interests. Shared interests stem from the realization that cooperation is preferable to each individual acting alone. Conflicting interests are rooted in each individual’s concern with the societal distribution of rights and obligations. Id . at 4. For this reason, says Rawls, it is necessary to create several principles to allow for the just