Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 4 of 4 items for :

  • Constitutional and Legal History x
Clear All
Open access

Stefan Couperus, Harm Kaal, Nico Randeraad and Paul van Trigt

Catholics balanced each other out. The almost proverbial politics of accommodation that had characterized elite behavior for centuries was challenged by priests, pastors, schoolteachers, trade unionists, and other local leaders. Irritations stemming from church bell chiming, processions or public commemorations could easily lead to street rows or other disturbances. Johan C. H. Blom / Jacobus Talsma (ed.): De verzuiling voorbij. Godsdienst, stand en natie in de lange negentiende eeuw, Amsterdam 2000. The geography of religion determined the degree of administrative

Open access

Frits van der Meer, Gerrit Dijkstra and Toon Kerkhoff

unitary state is composed of primarily general-purpose governments such as the central government, provincial governments, and municipalities, and (to a lesser extent) of functional bodies such as water boards. The preference for general-purpose governments stems from the emphasis on integral public service delivery and citizen involvement. The sovereignty of the state is invested in each government according to the responsibilities assigned in the Constitution and institutional laws. For instance municipalities are not considered to be solely derived from central

Open access

Thomas Rohringer

-threshold communication; with them, disabled veterans could talk in their »vernacular«, their »natural way of speech«. ÖStA, KA, KM, Abt. 9/IF, Kt. 1417434/1917, Organisation der Kriegsbeschädigtenfürsorge, unnumbered. Eger evoked a community initially built on the difference between a socially distanced and abstracting bureaucracy and locally embedded actors, but displaying, as shown in detail later, a national dimension as well. For Eger, the disabled veterans’ trust did not stem from expert knowledge, but from socially framing this expertise. Socially embedded members of local

Open access

André Ourednik, Guido Koller, Peter Fleer and Stefan Nellen

same time span. The line width is proportional to the number of tokens per document, divided by the line's length. As Figure 4 shows, the most densely covered period across all cities, on which we therefore focus, lies between 1920 and 1960. Reports from cities such as Antwerp are few and dated to a single, wide time span (1857–1936) excluding analysis of a historical evolution. Documents from Mexico are more numerous and stem from five different time spans, but the dating precision is still insufficient. On the contrary, cities such as Paris, Washington