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do not necessarily accurately reflect public interests and participants do not necessarily play influential roles’. The basic dilemma stems from the perpetual tension between the need for effective governance and the need for maximum accountability. While the former invokes centralist tendencies in government, the latter demands greater decentralization. Fundamentally, as we shall see in the present research, the degree of participation open to citizens varies with local context.
As E. Conrad et al. (2011 : 761) have noted ‘whilst public participation is now
At present jamming is considered one of the main threats to a GPS receiver’s user, both in dynamic and stationary conditions, and especially regarding telecommunication synchronization. Threats stemming from the use of cheap jammers, more and more commonly referred to as Personal Protecting Devices, available on the Internet, are especially dangerous. Despite the formal ban on using them, there is evidence that they are in common use. Therefore the problem which has hitherto been considered marginal needs to be urgently investigated. Reports dealing with investigations on jamming focus mostly on analyses of effects of various jammers on receivers. This article presents part of the results of experiments focused on the effects and it shows that the effects of jamming when the same device is used depend on both the receiver and the antenna it employs.
The evaluation of the impact of contamination in breathing air intended for hyperbaric purposes is essential both for practical and theoretical reasons. The quality of breathing air and the breathing mixes obtained on its basis is of crucial importance with regard to divers’ safety in the course of underwater works. The existing contaminants, as well as substandard quality gases have an adverse impact on divers’ health and life, both in terms of the physiological impact on the body, and fire hazards in hyperbaric complexes. In the process of breathing air production we deal with a few sources of potential contaminants stemming from technical measures. The human body is also responsible for the release of contaminants in hyperbaric conditions. The article presents the above issues and provides insight into existing threats.
, The Doctor's Thesis, Rozprawa doktorska, AGH Kraków.
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of current changes in the social dwelling allocation procedure has been closely examined by I. Cole, B. Iqbal, L. Slocombe and T. Trott (2001) . An innovative solution to the problem of social housing allocation, a sort of breakthrough solution, is the so-called Delft system, applied in most Dutch municipalities. The name of the system stems from the Dutch city of Delft, where the system was put into practice for the first time at the beginning of the 90s. At the end of the 90s it was also implemented in Great Britain in the form of allocation that takes into
recurring mistakes, which often thwart attempts at their solution. The most important challenges relating to the suburbanisation process in the Poznań Conurbation in recent years have included the reduction of the degradation of the suburban landscape (such landscape often consists of complexes of chaotic developments with irrational functional structure); the restoration of due value to public spaces; the reconstruction of social relationships and natural structures; and the alleviation of the congestion on the roads ( Bonenberg 2011 : 11). An important issue that stems
identity of a place is expressed in phrases such as: “a beloved place”, “oh, great! – How typically Krakovian” or “I am from here”. The anti - identity of a place stems, above all, from the feeling of weakening, or even breaking the traditional attitudes of identification with the private homeland. When identification with a place is weak or negative, then the social or personal dimension is blurred (or unconscious), and the city is not considered significant in any of them.
The personal identity of a place requires a person’s openness, it is unstable and