Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for :

  • General Cultural Studies x
Clear All
Open access

Maria A. Arapova

Abstract

Although the smile is a universal facial expression, the use of smiles in communication varies across cultures. This may lead to misunderstandings and miscommunication. Both Americans and Europeans experience the same frustration and communication failure when they do not find smiling faces in Russia. At the same time, it is common for Russian people to perceive the smiles of Westerners as artificial and insincere. What is the reason for such a difference in perception? Why don’t Russians smile in some situations?

The study of the use of the smile as a non-verbal sign in a few chosen communicative contexts across Russian, European and American cultures showed the difference in its meaning and distribution according to the cultural tradition. The reason could stem from the difference of Russia’s history when compared to that of Western Europe, as well as in the specific restrictions in Russian Orthodox Christianity and the traditions of laughter in Russia. All the meanings and specific cases of distribution are clearly retained and expressed in the languages. If we compare the Russian улыбка and улыбаться with the English smile, we can see both common and distinctive semantic elements and different connotations.

Open access

Sławomir Łodziński and Sergiusz Rudnicki

Abstract

The article tries to analyze the participation and political representation of the Polish minority in Ukraine and the Ukrainian minority in Poland in the period 1990-2015. Its meaning stems from at least several reasons. Firstly, because the both states officially accepted national minorities after 1990, they have introduced institutional arrangements of protection of their rights and have signed the major international documents in this area. Secondly, because the process of adaptation of European standards of minority protection took place in both countries in the situation of deep democratic changes and market reforms. Hence, the question of the role of minority policy in this has emerged. Thirdly, because the both countries are linked to one another because of a shared common history that sometimes divides societies and public opinion in these states and the political activity of both groups can increase or diminish these socio-political divisions. In the case of the Polish minority in Ukraine this article draws attention to the lack of political representation at country level and its limited activity as the Polish group at the local level (based on the Zhytomyr example). On the other hand in the case of the Ukrainian minority in Poland the article highlights the process of gradual decline of its political activity on the country level (as a result of the spatial dispersion of this group and the absence of a political partner on the country political scene) while we may observe its political activity at the local level.

Open access

P. P. Khoroshikh and A. A. Sergievich

-1855. Ethnographic research prior to Shternberg pp.134 - 157. Podmaskin, V. V. (2008). Folk knowledge of the Amur Evenkss. Russia and ATR. № 1. 88-101. Razumovskaya, V. (2014). Translating Aboriginal Siberian and Circumpolar Cultures in Russia. Translators, Interpreters, and Cultural Negotiators . pp. 190-212. Rosa, M., & Orey, D. C. (2017). STEM education in the brazilian context: An ethnomathematical perspective. STEM education in the junior secondary: The state of play (pp. 221-247) doi:10.1007/978-981-10-5448-8_11. Shelegina, O. N. (2006). Results