Olena Hrechyshkina CDFMR and Maryia Samakhavets CDFMR
merchandise exports in the international business environment is hindered by a number of limiting factors, which stem from the low level of product diversification (commodity-dependent exports have been identified) and geographical diversification (the Russian Federation remains the dominant foreign trade partner, although its share is decreasing). Therefore, we consider it advisable to intensify government support for export-oriented enterprises to expand their export geography, increase the attractiveness of sales conditions, grow sales, accelerate product turnover
Vladimir А. Usoltsev CDFMR, Agnieszka Piernik CDFMR, Anna A. Osmirko CDFMR, Ivan S. Tsepordey CDFMR, Viktor P. Chasovskikh CDFMR and Walery Zukow CDFMR
Temperature and precipitation are the most informative climatic factors that determine not only the radial annual growth of tree stems, but also the biological productivity of forest stands ( DeLucia et al., 2000 ; Ni et al., 2001 ; Stegen et al., 2011 ; D’Aprile et al., 2015 ; Fang et al., 2016 ). Analysis of the results of such studies revealed significant contradictions and uncertainties about the assessment of these indices’ dependence on temperature and precipitation using both empirical and functional models ( Eggers et al., 2008 ; Shuman, Shugart, 2009 ; Poudel
Carlos Coca Gamito CDFMR and Georgios Baltos CDFMR
behind mobility of workers in an Economic and Monetary Union, little progress has been achieved in order to build a theory that explains how regulation of a national labour market and worker mobility interact. Moreover, the evidence shows a limited consideration of the effects stemming from such an important instrument of labour policy as is the EPL. They also demonstrate the absence of analyses on how EPL influences the economic conditions behind workers’ decisions on where to live and work. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to contribute to the development
geometrical form, usually associated with objects of particular significance), traffic spaces (streets, separate vehicle and pedestrian traffic areas), commercial spaces (used for commercial purposes, bazaars), ordinary spaces (intended for use, and with various functions, including mostly a residential one), church spaces (stemming from medieval traditions of cathedral squares, related to religious ceremonies), green spaces (recreational function, combined with parkland), recreational spaces – squares (leisure-related purposes, often within a residential zone) and town
Łukasz Damurski, Jacek Pluta, Karel Maier and Hans Thor Andersen
(five in Poland and two abroad). The research results are divided into several sections reflecting the main types of content emerging from the interviews: relationships between stakeholders (with special attention to their bridging capital), leadership, and good practices. We conclude by presenting practical implications for urban planning and by listing the core stakeholders in the process of building and managing a local service centre.
2 Local service centre: origins of the concept
The origins of the idea of an urban service centre stem back to the ancient
SBDM’s interest in using CCIs as a new economic growth driver stems from the post-productivist shift that has occurred across small-town South Africa due to the contraction of the former economic mainstays of agriculture and mining ( Nel and Binns, 2007 ). The contraction of the traditional industries has resulted in problems of severe unemployment, poverty and inequality, as well as economic decline, in the majority of South Africa’s rural small town areas (Hoogendoorn and Visser, 2016).
In order to combat these issues, small towns and rural areas need to identify