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Foreign Trade of the Republic of Belarus in the International Business Environment

merchandise exports in the international business environment is hindered by a number of limiting factors, which stem from the low level of product diversification (commodity-dependent exports have been identified) and geographical diversification (the Russian Federation remains the dominant foreign trade partner, although its share is decreasing). Therefore, we consider it advisable to intensify government support for export-oriented enterprises to expand their export geography, increase the attractiveness of sales conditions, grow sales, accelerate product turnover

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Forest stand biomass of Picea spp.: an additive model that may be related to climate and civilisational changes

. Temperature and precipitation are the most informative climatic factors that determine not only the radial annual growth of tree stems, but also the biological productivity of forest stands ( DeLucia et al., 2000 ; Ni et al., 2001 ; Stegen et al., 2011 ; D’Aprile et al., 2015 ; Fang et al., 2016 ). Analysis of the results of such studies revealed significant contradictions and uncertainties about the assessment of these indices’ dependence on temperature and precipitation using both empirical and functional models ( Eggers et al., 2008 ; Shuman, Shugart, 2009 ; Poudel

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Optimal Spatial Allocation of Labour Force and Employment Protection Legislation (EPL)

behind mobility of workers in an Economic and Monetary Union, little progress has been achieved in order to build a theory that explains how regulation of a national labour market and worker mobility interact. Moreover, the evidence shows a limited consideration of the effects stemming from such an important instrument of labour policy as is the EPL. They also demonstrate the absence of analyses on how EPL influences the economic conditions behind workers’ decisions on where to live and work. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to contribute to the development

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Urban and Rural Public Spaces: Development Issues and Qualitative Assessment

geometrical form, usually associated with objects of particular significance), traffic spaces (streets, separate vehicle and pedestrian traffic areas), commercial spaces (used for commercial purposes, bazaars), ordinary spaces (intended for use, and with various functions, including mostly a residential one), church spaces (stemming from medieval traditions of cathedral squares, related to religious ceremonies), green spaces (recreational function, combined with parkland), recreational spaces – squares (leisure-related purposes, often within a residential zone) and town

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The Problem of Form and the Relavitization of the Status of Documentary Film in Contemporary Slovak Authorial Production

Abstract

The present study offers a critical reflection of contemporary Slovak authorial production. Focusing on three films, the author analyses the authors′ approaches to representing reality from a formal point of view. The author claims that all of them relativize the status of documentary film, using as a tool of critical analysis Carl Plantiga’s definition of documentary film, included in his concept of “asserted veridical representation”. The films under analysis use three formally different approaches of relating to social reality. One relies on an acted form, the second takes the form of a historicizing essay, and the third promotes the author’s subjective views through a cut collage of motifs stemming from reality.

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The impact of an international online accreditation system on pedagogical models and strategies in higher education

Abstract

Health promotion practice is characterised by a diverse workforce drawn from a broad range of disciplines, bringing together an extensive breadth of knowledge, skills, abilities, attitudes and values stemming from biomedical and social science frameworks. One of the goals of the CompHP Project was to ensure that higher education training would not only reach competency-based standards necessary for best practice, but also facilitate mobility within the EU and beyond through the accreditation of professional practitioners and educational courses. As a result, higher education institutions in Italy and elsewhere are requested to shift the focus from the definition of learning objectives to the identification of teaching strategies and assessment measures to guarantee that students have acquired the competencies identified. This requires reflection on the pedagogical models underpinning course curricula and teaching–learning approaches in higher education, not only to meet the competency-based standards but also to incorporate overarching transversal competencies inherent to the profession and, more specifically, to the online accreditation procedure. Professionals applying for registration require competence in foreign languages, metacognition and be digitally literate. The article provides a brief overview of the development and structure of the International Union for Health Promotion and Education online accreditation system and proposes a pedagogical reflection on course curricula.

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Exploring Cross-Media Audience Practices in Two Cases of Public Service Media in Estonia and Finland

Abstract

Stemming from the concept of active audiences and from Henry Jenkins’ (2006) idea of participatory culture as the driving force behind the transformation of public service broadcasting into agencies of public service media (Bardoel, Ferrell Lowe 2007), this empirical study explores the attitude and behaviour of the audiences of two crossmedia projects, produced by the public service media of Finland (YLE) and Estonia (ERR). This empirical study aims to explore the behaviour, wants and needs of the audiences of cross-media productions and to shed some light on the conditions that support the dynamic switching of the engagement with cross-media. The study’s results suggest that audiences are neither passive nor active, but switch from one mode to another. The findings demonstrate that audience dynamism is circumstantial and cannot be assumed. Thus, thinking about active audiences and participation as the lymph of public service media becomes problematic, especially when broadcasters seek generalised production practices. This work demonstrates how television networks in general cannot be participatory, and instead, how cross-media can work as a vehicle of micro participation through small acts of audience engagement (Kleut et al. 2017).

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Blended synchronous learning environment: Student perspectives

collaboration. Innovations in Education and Teaching International , 47(1), 9e24. Moore, M. G. (1993). 2 Theory of transactional distance. Theoretical principles of distance education, 22. National Center for Education Statistics (2014). STEM in Postsecondary Education (US Department of Education, Washington). New Media Consortium., & Consortium for School Networking. (2017). Horizon report . Austin, TX: The New Media Corsortium. Oyarzun, B., & Martin, F. (2013). A Case Study on Multi-Modal Course Delivery and Social Learning Opportunities. Bulletin

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Cultural Clusters as a Local Economic Development Strategy in Rural Small-Town Areas: Sarah Baartman District in South Africa

SBDM’s interest in using CCIs as a new economic growth driver stems from the post-productivist shift that has occurred across small-town South Africa due to the contraction of the former economic mainstays of agriculture and mining ( Nel and Binns, 2007 ). The contraction of the traditional industries has resulted in problems of severe unemployment, poverty and inequality, as well as economic decline, in the majority of South Africa’s rural small town areas (Hoogendoorn and Visser, 2016). In order to combat these issues, small towns and rural areas need to identify

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Stakeholders in the local service centre: who should be involved in the planning process? Insights from Poland, Czech Republic and Denmark

(five in Poland and two abroad). The research results are divided into several sections reflecting the main types of content emerging from the interviews: relationships between stakeholders (with special attention to their bridging capital), leadership, and good practices. We conclude by presenting practical implications for urban planning and by listing the core stakeholders in the process of building and managing a local service centre. 2 Local service centre: origins of the concept The origins of the idea of an urban service centre stem back to the ancient

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