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Maryana Kondro, Nazarii Kobyliak, Oleksandr Virchenko, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Tetyana Beregova and Petro Bodnar

Abstract

Considering the association between microflora and obesity, and the significantly higher prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese people, the aim of our study was to investigate the preventive effect of multiprobiotics on the monosodium glutamate (MSG) induced NAFLD model, in rats. The work was carried out on 60 rats placed into three groups: the Control group, the MSG-group and the MSG-probiotic group. The MSG-group and the MSG-probiotic group were injected with 4 mg/g of MSG subcutaneously neonatally on the 2nd-10th days of life. The MSG-probiotic rats were also treated with 140 mg/kg of multiprobiotic “Symbiter” from the 4th week of life. In the 4-month-old rats, biochemical and morphological changes in liver were assessed, and steatosis was confirmed by the NAFLD activity score (NAS). Our results reveal that the multiprobiotic lowered total NAS, the degree of steatosis and the liver lobular inflammation caused by MSG. It also brought about decreased liver total lipids and triglycerids content, as well as decreased visceral adipose tissue mass. However, there was no difference in the liver serum biochemical indicators between all experimental groups. The obtained data does suggest the efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of NAFLD.

Open access

Robert Sitarz, Wojciech P Polkowski, Ryszard Maciejewski and G Johan A Offerhaus

Abstract

With regard to gastric cancer, an important disease and a public health problem, it is expected that understanding the molecular make up of carcinomas will provide us with more precise targets for therapy. Indeed advanced molecular technology has made it possible to classify according to genotype instead of phenotype. For advanced stomach cancer, however, surgery is still the only option for cure. Yet, also after surgery, more than 50% of the patients will die of peritoneal dissemination of their disease. This review looks at the molecular mechanism of peritoneal spread of stomach cancer in order to arrive at a risk profile that enables medical personnel to raise the index of suspicion for peritoneal carcinomatosis. The peritoneal cancer index (PCI) provides a scoring system to measure the extent of peritoneal spread during laparoscopic staging. A recently developed device called the ‘MacSpec pen’ maybe of use to confirm the presence of tumor when there is doubt about the diagnosis. Treatment of peritoneal dissemination consists of cytoreduction, combined with hyperthermic peritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).

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Anna Szczepańska-Szerej, Magdalena Wojtan and Beata Szajnoga

Abstract

It is estimated that nearly 20% of all cerebral infarctions in the total population are the result of a complication of atrial fibrillation (AF). While oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (AVKs) substantially reduces this risk, this requires regular monitoring of the international normalized ratio (INR) in order to achieve therapeutic levels (2,0-3,0). The aim of this study was to evaluate a group at high risk of cerebral infarction, among patients with AF undergoing long-term treatment with VKAs, taking into account the significance of therapeutic INR values. The analysed group consisted of 90 acute ischaemic stroke patients with paroxysmal or chronic “non-valvular” AF, receiving treatment with VKAs. As a result of the study, therapeutic INR values (≥ 2) were seen in thirty-five of these individuals (38,8%), while 55 (61,2%) showed non-therapeutic INR values. Moreover, there were no differences in demographics, vascular risk factors, biochemical and morphological blood parameters, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score and TOAST classification between either of the two groups. Furthermore, no additional factor that would increase their risk of cerebral infarction during the adequate treatment with VKAs was found. However, patients with non-therapeutic INR values had a statistically significantly higher frequency of concomitant moderate pathology of the bicuspid valve, p<0.05. Hence, a lack of proper control of INR can proved to be particularly dangerous for this subgroup of patients. Hence, this is a group with an elevated risk of cerebral infarction and therefore requires special oversight of VKA treatment or NOA treatment.

Open access

Aliya Aryzbekova, Konrad Tomasz Juszkiewicz, Donald Eduard Burgess, Andrzej Polski and Ewa Poleszak

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Monika Szkultecka-Debek, Mariola Drozd, Marta Bem, Nina Kiepurska and Joanna Mazur

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Ewelina Dziwota, Barbara Drapala, Magdalena Gaj, Nikodem Skoczen and Marcin Olajossy

pilot study. Bipolar Disord., 14, 206, 2012. 7. Gao Y. et al.: Memantine reduces mania-like symptoms in animal models. Psychiatry Res., 188, 366, 2011. 8. Ionescu D.F. et al.: A single infusion of ketamine improves depression scores in patients with anxious bipolar depression. Bipolar Disord., 17(4), 438, 2015, doi: 10.1111/bdi.12277. 9. Jahangard L. et al.: In a double-blind, randomized and placebocontrolled trial, adjuvant allopurinol improved symptoms of mania in in-patients suffering from bipolar disorder; Eur

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Ewa Kuchta and Jolanta Szymanska

Universal Visual Scoring System (UniViSS) for caries detection and diagnosis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health., 6, 2500, 2009. 12. Mielczarek A. et al.: Ocena porównawcza wykorzystania fluorescencji różnicowej i systemu ICDAS II w diagnostyce próchnicy badania in vitro. Nowa Stomatol., 4, 103, 2009. 13. Mielczarek A., Kwiatkowska A.: Aktualne koncepcje diagnostyki próchnicy. Stomatol. Wpółcz., 12, 11, 2005. 14. Mirska-Miętek M.: Diagnozowanie zmian próchnicowych na powierzchniach stycznych zębów stałych. Ann. Acad. Med

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Marcin Berger, Justyna Oleszek-Listopad, Milena Marczak and Jolanta Szymanska

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Karolina Slawinska, Gabriela Bielecka, Karol Iwaniak, Sylwia Wosko and Ewa Poleszak

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