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Armand Kasztelan


Environmental resources and values (natural capital) should be seen as a key factor in regional competitiveness. However, little attention has been paid so far to the role of natural capital in the process of achieving competitive advantage from the territorial perspective. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to present the results of a study on the environmental competitiveness of Polish regions. The author’s contribution to the theory is the use of taxonomic metrics for research purposes. Based on certain predefined criteria the environmental potential of each voivodship was assessed in 2004 and 2012. For research purposes, 26 indicators of state, pressure, and environmental protection were proposed. Owing to the fact that the subset of diagnostic variables (indicators) contained elements that could not be directly aggregated, their unification was achieved using standardization formulas. The methodology proposed by the author might be used to assess environmental competitiveness in different regions or countries. The results of the performed analyses indicated that the Subcarpathian province scored highest in terms of environmental competitiveness, while Swiętokrzyskie province scored lowest.

Open access

Julita Łukomska

( i , max ) ) 2 $$\begin{array}{} \text H = \sqrt{\sum(x(i,j)\,-\,x(i,{\text {max}}))^{2} } \end{array}$$ where: HI - hierarchy index x(i, j) – standardized value of variable i for unit j (standardization performed with z-score method The z-score formula is the following: z ( i j ) = x ( j ) − x ( i ) ¯ d ( x ) ( i ) , $\begin{array}{} z(ij)=\frac{x(j)-{\overline{x(i)}}}{d(x)(i)}, \end{array}$ where z(ij) – standardized value, x(ij) – “original” value of variable i for city j, x ( i ) - mean value of the variable i for all cities, d

Open access

Patryk Orlewski

order to check the attitude of Silesians towards the co-inhabiting nationalities, respondents were asked to assess (on a scale from 1 to 5) relations between Silesians and Poles, as well as between Silesians and Germans. The relationship between Silesians and Germans got better scores: over 90% of respondents rated it between 3 and 5. One-third of them defined relations with the German people as very good ( Fig. 6 ). Among the reasons given for that were: no problems with members of the German minority, family working in Germany, and the overlapping of these two

Open access

Antonio F. Tavares

, synthetic control method, and propensity score matching, among others) (18 articles). The remaining articles employ an assorted group of quantitative and/or qualitative techniques, such as comparative analysis of descriptive financial data, qualitative content analysis, in-depth case study analysis, principal component analysis or descriptive analysis of survey and interview responses (perception-based data). Economic Efficiency The first thing that can be said about the effects of municipal amalgamations on economic efficiency and cost savings is that the promises