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Łukasz Sarnowski, Zbigniew Podgórski and Dariusz Brykała

Abstract

The potential for using a standardized landscape evaluation method for planning a greenway in a young glacial area in northern Poland is evaluated in this paper. In the evaluation of visual landscape attractiveness (VLA), we took into account not only its natural but also its cultural components. The cultural components were divided into two groups, i.e. increasing and decreasing VLA scores. The sources of data needed for the evaluation included a Vector Smart Map level 2 (VMap L2), aerial photographs and a field survey. The newly-designated greenway links two landscape parks (which play the role of greenspaces) and runs along numerous lakes, forests, rivers, and objects of cultural heritage. The greenway is composed of existing local roads, allowing a more optimal utilisation of natural and cultural resources of the landscape, primarily those located between the selected greenspaces. Using this application, the idea of sustainable development can be implemented, and the overlapping protected areas will not be subject to devitalisation. The VLA method can facilitate multiple greenway designations in other areas.

Open access

Jana Spilková

Abstract

Child overweight and obesity represent a serious health problem worldwide. The Czech Republic now ranks the fourth most obese country in Europe and obesity and overweight is becoming more and more frequent in children and teenagers. This pilot study estimates the prevalence of obesity and overweight among Czech teenagers aged 14–15 years in terms of neighbourhood characteristics, and assesses the effects of neighbourhood environmental quality versus family or personal-level factors on teenage obesity and overweight. The results show that unsafe environments result in the risk of lesser physical activity of their inhabitants, but since the vast majority (92%) of the students felt safe in their neighbourhoods, mediation through safety of the neighbourhood is not at stake. Second, the housing estates demonstrate the most severe problems with both obesity and overweight and their built environments, but when perceptions of sporting facilities and similar opportunities for physical activity are factored in, they do not have low scores; therefore, mediation by physical activity is not a relevant response to the obesity problem. These findings imply that the most important obesogenic and obesoprotective factors are likely to be found within the family environment and personal life styles.

Open access

Jiří Hasman, Yvona Kostelecká and David Hána

References: ALBA, R., NEE, V. (2005): Remaking the American mainstream: assimilation and contemporary immigration. Cambridge, Harvard University Press. BIFULCO, R., LADD, H. F. (2007): School choice, racial segregation, and test-score gaps: Evidence from North Carolina's charter school program. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 26: 31–56. BIFULCO, R., LADD, H. F., ROSS, S. L. (2009): Public school choice and integration evidence from Durham, North Carolina. Social Science Research, 38(1): 71–85. BLACK, S. E. (1999): Do Better

Open access

Martin Erlebach, Marián Halás, Jan Daniel and Pavel Klapka

European regions: A multivariate analysis. European Journal of Operational Research, 187(2): 600–612. DiSTEFANO, C., ZHU, M., MINDRILA, D. (2009): Understanding and using factor scores: Considerations for the applied researcher. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, 14(20): 1–11. DOLNICAR, S., GRÜN, B. (2009). Challenging “factor-cluster segmentation”. Journal of Travel Research, 47(1): 63–71. DOLNICAR, S., GRÜN, B. (2011): Three good reasons NOT to use factor-cluster segmentation. Cauthe: 21 st National Conference, Adelaide, Australia, 8