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Benny Geys, Friedrich Heinemann and Alexander Kalb

possible consequences in the discussion of results). 3 German Local Government Efficiency Efficiency in the production of public services is one degree of freedom in local municipalities' policy agendas. Hence the measurement of efficiency in local public good provision provides a methodological basis from which to study the link between population size and cost pressures. Moreover, it allows a first look at the extent to which municipalities might be able to respond to adverse economic, fiscal or demographic shocks. Low efficiency scores for municipalities today

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Łukasz Borek

Abstract

The paper presents the classification of the hydromorphological condition of the Breń River according to the River Habitat Survey (RHS). The research of the hydromorphological assessment of the Breń River, which is a right-bank tributary of the Vistula River and almost entirely flows through the area of the Dąbrowa Tarnowska district was conducted in June 2015. The research sites were situated on the border of the Tarnów Plateau and the Vistula Lowland. The Breń River in these sections flows through rural areas used for agricultural purposes with low-density housing. The analysis of qualitative parameters describing the morphological characteristics were based on two synthetic indices of stream quality: Habitat Quality Assesment (HQA) and Habitat Modification Score (HMS). The calculated numerical values of the two indices proved that the sections of the Breń River correspond with the third and fifth class, which means a moderate (III) and very bad (V) hydromorphological condition.

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Kittiwet Kuntiyawichai, Quan V. Dau and Saengdavanh Inthavong

Abstract

Sustainable water resources management and community engagement are essential for water security. Referring to the above context, this study proposed to carry out an assessment of community engagement for irrigation water management in the Nam Haad Left Irrigation Project (NHLIP). The household and community level practices and the farmers’ levels of participation in irrigation water management of the NHLIP were carefully considered. From respondents’ responses, the results revealed that a husband-wife partnership plays a remarkable role in irrigation water management of the NHLIP for rice farming. The results also proved that most of the respondents engage with a high participation level in managing irrigation water of the NHLIP project as illustrated by a high score of 3.80 on the five-point Likert scale. To determine the significance of each activity on farmers’ levels of participation in irrigation water management of the NHLIP, a stepwise multiple regression analysis was employed and the standardized regression equation for determining overall participation levels can be presented as: Y = 0.538x 1 + 0.831x 8 + 0.534x 14 + 0.607x 18 + 7.572. Finally, the outcomes of this study indicated the willingness of participation in cooperating and supporting the activities related to the improvement and management of the NHLIP project.

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Florian Ahlmeyer and Dirk Wittowsky

2004 ; Wulfhorst/Büttner/Ji 2017 ). Nachfolgend werden die methodentheoretischen Grundlagen vorgestellt, die der Entwicklung des neuen Erreichbarkeitsindexes zugrunde liegen. Modelle für kombinierte Erreichbarkeitsindizes (z. B. Walk Score, walkability ) werden vornehmlich für die fußläufige Erreichbarkeit aufgebaut (vgl. Frank/Sallis/Saelens et al. 2010 ; Walk Score 2011 ; Dinkel 2014 ). Generell bezieht sich die Erreichbarkeitsdebatte vor allem auf städtische Räume ( Rode 2014 ). Erreichbarkeitsindizes können aber gerade in ländlichen Räumen als

Open access

Michael Hoyler

other sources (e.g. annual reports of firms). In order to enable comparison across firms, the available information for every firm was standardized for each of its office locations to categorize their importance in a firm’s office network. Service values v ij were allocated on a scale from 0 (no presence of a firm in a city) to 5 (global headquarters of a firm in a city). The criteria applied to assess and score offices relate primarily to office size and extra-locational functions of the office(s). For example, all cities where a firm was present initially scored 2

Open access

Jonathan V. Beaverstock

1 Introduction Over the last decade, there has been a renaissance in the study of the connectivities and polycentricity of European cities in an age of economic prosperity and accelerating globalization ( Hall/Pain 2006 ; Taylor/Ni/Derudder et al. 2011 ). In these extant studies as well as in others (for example Hoyler/Freytag/Mager 2008 ; Derudder/Taylor/Ni et al. 2010 ), German cities, especially those associated with the Rhine hinterland, Ruhr and Main, have displayed relatively mediocre connectivity scores in relation to other European and global

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Anna Growe and Hans H. Blotevogel

{{C}_{a}}=\sum\limits_{i,j}{{{v}_{aj}}}*{{v}_{ij}}$$ with (a ≠i). Changes in connectivity from 2002 to 2009 (and in professions from 1997 to 2007) are measured by the change in the importance of an individual metropolitan region in the network of metropolitan regions. The importance is measured by the percentage share each metropolitan region shows in the overall network at different points in time. In a second step, z-scores of the percentage change are calculated. This is carried out to show whether the change in importance (CI) is big or small. CI values between − 1 and 1 can be understood as a small change, CI

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Josef Steinbach, Andrea Holzhauser and Klaus Neudecker

, welche den Zusammenhang zwischen den ursprünglichen Variablen und den neuen komplexen Indikatoren beschreiben. – Faktorenwerte , welche die Ausprägung der neuen Dimensionen für die in der Untersuchung behandelten (räumlichen) Beobachtungseinheiten be-messen. – Die Faktorenwerte werden auf der Grundlage der sog. Factor Score Coefficients ermittelt, das sind multiple Regressionskoeffizienten, welche den Zusammenhang zwischen den räumlichen Ausprägungsmustern der Faktoren und den Ausgangsdaten erfassen. Faktorenladungen und Factor Score Coefficients

Open access

Stefan Niermann

Scores regress towards the Mean? In: Chance, Vol. 10 (4), S. 42–45 10.1080/09332480.1997.10542064 Smith Gary 1997 Do Statistics Test Scores regress towards the Mean? Chance 10 4 42 45

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Ingo Mose, Marta Jacuniak-Suda and Georg Fiedler

– die Person dahinter preisgegeben mit dem Ziel, kritische Fragen zu finanziellen Angelegenheiten zu vermeiden. Die Formen der Entscheidungsfindung werden – auch durch die allseits geschätzte ,Vorarbeit' (u. a. Scoring ) des LEADER-Managements – von den meisten Vorstandsmitgliedern als ausgewogen, gleichberechtigt und transparent empfunden. Die Entscheidungsverfahren verlaufen zumeist einstimmig. Der vorherrschende Governance-Modus Verhandlungen findet seine Grenze allerdings in der letzten Entscheidungsinstanz: Das regionale Ministerium für Landwirtschaft und