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Hydromorphological and physicochemical conditions of the Parsęta River

Abstract

Rivers are hydromorphologically assessed in line with the Water Framework Directive. In order to assess the quality of the Parsęta River environment, the River Habitat Survey method was applied. The research studies, conducted in June 2016, provided an overview of hydromorphological issues, and also covered measurements and laboratory analyses on the quality of its waters. There were 24 measuring sections selected along the whole river. The selection of these sections took into account the representativeness of genetically various types of river valley, its size and discharge, and the variability of anthropogenic pressure. The assessment showed that the Parsęta River varies in natural quality (its HQA index ranged from 17 to 61) and that the modification of its valley is variable but generally low (its HMS index ranged from 0 to 33). Seventy-nine percent of the analysed sections were classified to the second (II) and third (III) hydromorphological classes, 8% to the first (I), and 13% to the fourth (IV). The central section of the Parsęta River has the highest degree of naturalness and the lowest degree of transformation. The river valley sections of kettle-hole origin are more transformed than those of fluvial origin. The quality of the Parsęta River waters assessed on the grounds of their physicochemical parameters indicates that the river is in good condition. The individual river water parameters are most often within the first (I) and second (II) classes. Any instances of the quality of waters being below the “good” level are due to phosphate concentrations exceeding the second (II) class and are contained within a 15-km stretch of the river below Białogard. A river section with a high degree of hydromorphological naturalness has the worst quality of waters.

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Toward understanding tourist landscape. a comparative study of locals’ and visitors’ perception in selected destinations in Poland and Greece

’ assessment of the contribution of selected elements of the landscape to its attractiveness as a tourist landscape (R – residents, T – tourists, B – business respondents). Total Polish (N=121) Greek (N=140) Variables (N=261) Total R T B Total R T B Average score Climate 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.1 3.7 4.1 Landforms 3.7 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.2 3.2 3.4 2.9 Water elements 4.1 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.3 3.9 3.7 4.1 3.9 Forests 4.0 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4 3.5 3.4 3.6 3

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Evaluating the Parsęta Basin Communes' Tourist Space Using the Selected Quantification Methods

Evaluating the Parsęta Basin Communes' Tourist Space Using the Selected Quantification Methods

Identifying differences in the factors determining tourism development in an area is crucial to utilising its natural, economic and socio-cultural resources that enable sustainable development of the tourist function. This article sets out to present and estimate factors underlying tourism development in the context of various quantification methods and the comparisons of their results. The phenomenon selected for the research is evaluated using tools such as a synthetic measure Gołembski (2002) (based on weights assigned to particular features) and two synthetic measures Perkal (z-scores) (1953) and Zioło (1985).

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Geotourism valorisation of selected quarries of Kłodzko Region and Cieszyn Foothills

Abstract

The article presents a geotourism valorisation of selected quarries located in different mountainous regions in southern Poland, diverse in geological and tectonic terms. The regions of Kłodzko (with quarries Kletno I, Krzyżnik, Sinica, Czarne Urwisko, Szczytna Zamek) and of Cieszyn Foothills (quarries Na Jasieniowej, Na Mołczynie, Grota na Rudowie, Nad Kalembianką, Ondraszkowa Dziura) were proposed as a case study. The survey describes the most exposed disused quarries of marble, gneiss, sandstone, teschenites and Cieszyn limestone of high natural and cultural significance. As a result of the geotourist valorisation, the analysed geological objects were given point score under various criteria (educational value, scientific value, visual value, location/accessibility value, cultural value, geo-infrastructural value and the value of legal protection). It was found that the discussed quarries reveal high natural and educational value, and they are very significant in education and promotion of geologically attractive areas.

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Ecomorphological evaluation of the Łyna River along the Kotowo-Ardapy section

hydromorphological surveys of Polish rivers. J. Water Land Dev. : 143-13. Ilnicki R., Górecki K., Grzybowski M., Krzemińska A., Lewandowski R. & Sojka M., 2010. Ecological quality classes of river hydromorphology in Poland. J. Water Land Dev. : 15-27. Jusik Sz., 2005. Hydromorfologiczne wskaźniki syntetyczne: Habitat Quality Assessment (HQA) i Habitat Modification Score (HMS). Cz. 3. In: Zastosowanie metod hydromorfologicznych w ocenie stanu ekologicznego rzek . AR Poznań, Poznań: 1-15 (mscr

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Natural capital as a factor in regional competitiveness

Abstract

Environmental resources and values (natural capital) should be seen as a key factor in regional competitiveness. However, little attention has been paid so far to the role of natural capital in the process of achieving competitive advantage from the territorial perspective. Therefore, the main purpose of this paper is to present the results of a study on the environmental competitiveness of Polish regions. The author’s contribution to the theory is the use of taxonomic metrics for research purposes. Based on certain predefined criteria the environmental potential of each voivodship was assessed in 2004 and 2012. For research purposes, 26 indicators of state, pressure, and environmental protection were proposed. Owing to the fact that the subset of diagnostic variables (indicators) contained elements that could not be directly aggregated, their unification was achieved using standardization formulas. The methodology proposed by the author might be used to assess environmental competitiveness in different regions or countries. The results of the performed analyses indicated that the Subcarpathian province scored highest in terms of environmental competitiveness, while Swiętokrzyskie province scored lowest.

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Factors explaining the changes in the rankings of Polish cities’ economic position (1992-2013)

( i , max ) ) 2 $$\begin{array}{} \text H = \sqrt{\sum(x(i,j)\,-\,x(i,{\text {max}}))^{2} } \end{array}$$ where: HI - hierarchy index x(i, j) – standardized value of variable i for unit j (standardization performed with z-score method The z-score formula is the following: z ( i j ) = x ( j ) − x ( i ) ¯ d ( x ) ( i ) , $\begin{array}{} z(ij)=\frac{x(j)-{\overline{x(i)}}}{d(x)(i)}, \end{array}$ where z(ij) – standardized value, x(ij) – “original” value of variable i for city j, x ( i ) - mean value of the variable i for all cities, d

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Identity and distribution of the Silesian minority in Poland

order to check the attitude of Silesians towards the co-inhabiting nationalities, respondents were asked to assess (on a scale from 1 to 5) relations between Silesians and Poles, as well as between Silesians and Germans. The relationship between Silesians and Germans got better scores: over 90% of respondents rated it between 3 and 5. One-third of them defined relations with the German people as very good ( Fig. 6 ). Among the reasons given for that were: no problems with members of the German minority, family working in Germany, and the overlapping of these two

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Municipal amalgamations and their effects: a literature review

, synthetic control method, and propensity score matching, among others) (18 articles). The remaining articles employ an assorted group of quantitative and/or qualitative techniques, such as comparative analysis of descriptive financial data, qualitative content analysis, in-depth case study analysis, principal component analysis or descriptive analysis of survey and interview responses (perception-based data). Economic Efficiency The first thing that can be said about the effects of municipal amalgamations on economic efficiency and cost savings is that the promises

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Correlates of rural development: A case study of Sadar development block of Pratapgarh District in Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract

Rural development aims at improving the quality of life of rural people, and in the process infrastructure variables play a crucial role. India is the second most populous country in the world and the majority of its population lives in rural areas. Rural development has been India’s prime concern ever since the time of independence, and several strategies and plans were implemented from time to time to achieve a better level of development. However, neither top-down, nor bottom-up strategies of development could bring the desired changes. This article attempts to identify some correlates of rural development and tries to understand why the desired level and pattern of development could not be achieved even after seven decades of the planning process. The study analyses the case of ‘Sadar’ development block of Pratapgarh district in Uttar Pradesh. The analysis of 10 selected variables reveals that there is a vast disparity in the level of development in the study area. However, the study shows that lack of basic education, health and credit facilities is the cause of this disparity and poor level of development. In view of the findings the author suggests that a ‘local resource-oriented development strategy’ should be adopted to ensure the holistic development of the rural areas.

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