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Effect of early amniotomy on labor outcome in nulliparous women: a randomized clinical trial

Abstract

Early amniotomy is one of the main interventions to enhance the labor progress and prevent dystocia in pregnant women. However, the efficacy of amniotomy has not been approved via labor-related indices and outcomes and has remained a subject for debate and future research. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of early amniotomy on labor indices and outcomes in nulliparous women. This randomized clinical trial was performed on 151 singleton pregnant women who were referred to Besat Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran, from March 2016 to March 2018. Participants were randomly divided into an early amniotomy (EA) group and a control group. Duration of the first and second phases of labor, corioamionit, dystocia rate, Apgar score at the first and fifth minutes, prolonged labor and post-partum haemorrhage were evaluated and compared between the two groups. Data were recorded in a checklist and analysed using SPSS Version 23. The p value <0.05 was considered significant. Results showed that labor indices such as duration of the first and second phases, Apgar score one and five minutes after delivery and frequency of prolonged labor, foetal distress and postpartum haemorrhage were significantly improved in patients of the early amniotomy group, compared with the control group (p≤0.05). Early amniotomy significantly decreased the total labor duration without significant increase in the rate of maternal and neonatal complications.

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Platelet indices as potential biomarkers for determining active ulcerative colitis and assessing the efficacy of biological treatment – experience of a single centre – a pilot study

Abstract

Various laboratory parameters are commonly used to assess the efficacy of biological treatment (BT). The aim of our study was to assess the correlation between platelet (PLT) indices: (mean platelet volume (MPV), plateletcrit (PCT), platelet distribution width (PDW)), C-reactive protein (CRP) and endoscopic picture in the course of infliximab induction regimen in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. The study enrolled 46 patients with UC – 32 men and 16 women. They were administered infliximab (standard induction therapy). Laboratory tests (CRP and PLT indices) and colonoscopy were performed in all patients during the induction regimen – at 0, 2, and 6 weeks and in follow-up six weeks after the completion of induction therapy. The study revealed a statistically significant decrease in CRP and PLT, and an increase in MPV, together with improvement of endoscopic picture (p <0.001) (MAYO score, MAYO endoscopic subscore) in all patients. PCT and PDW values remained in normal ranges before BT and after the finish of the induction regimen. PCT correlated positively with CRP before the introduction of BT (p = 0.018). In addition, positive correlations between PCT and PLT count were noticed before infliximab induction regimen and in follow-up after the finished of therapy (p <0.001). Additionally, a negative correlation between PLT count and MPV prior to the first dose of infliximab was observed (p=0.032). Our data suggest that PLT indices could be useful biomarkers for determining active UC and for assessing the efficacy of BT. From what we know, this is the first survey devoted to PLT parameters in Polish patients with UC.

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Multiprobiotic therapy from childhood prevents the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adult monosodium glutamate-induced obese rats

Abstract

Considering the association between microflora and obesity, and the significantly higher prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese people, the aim of our study was to investigate the preventive effect of multiprobiotics on the monosodium glutamate (MSG) induced NAFLD model, in rats. The work was carried out on 60 rats placed into three groups: the Control group, the MSG-group and the MSG-probiotic group. The MSG-group and the MSG-probiotic group were injected with 4 mg/g of MSG subcutaneously neonatally on the 2nd-10th days of life. The MSG-probiotic rats were also treated with 140 mg/kg of multiprobiotic “Symbiter” from the 4th week of life. In the 4-month-old rats, biochemical and morphological changes in liver were assessed, and steatosis was confirmed by the NAFLD activity score (NAS). Our results reveal that the multiprobiotic lowered total NAS, the degree of steatosis and the liver lobular inflammation caused by MSG. It also brought about decreased liver total lipids and triglycerids content, as well as decreased visceral adipose tissue mass. However, there was no difference in the liver serum biochemical indicators between all experimental groups. The obtained data does suggest the efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of NAFLD.

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Risk of peritoneal dissemination in stomach cancer

Abstract

With regard to gastric cancer, an important disease and a public health problem, it is expected that understanding the molecular make up of carcinomas will provide us with more precise targets for therapy. Indeed advanced molecular technology has made it possible to classify according to genotype instead of phenotype. For advanced stomach cancer, however, surgery is still the only option for cure. Yet, also after surgery, more than 50% of the patients will die of peritoneal dissemination of their disease. This review looks at the molecular mechanism of peritoneal spread of stomach cancer in order to arrive at a risk profile that enables medical personnel to raise the index of suspicion for peritoneal carcinomatosis. The peritoneal cancer index (PCI) provides a scoring system to measure the extent of peritoneal spread during laparoscopic staging. A recently developed device called the ‘MacSpec pen’ maybe of use to confirm the presence of tumor when there is doubt about the diagnosis. Treatment of peritoneal dissemination consists of cytoreduction, combined with hyperthermic peritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).

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The international normalized ratio (INR) as seen in a population of patients with atrial fibrillation and cerebral infarction undergoing long-term treatment with vitamin K antagonists

Abstract

It is estimated that nearly 20% of all cerebral infarctions in the total population are the result of a complication of atrial fibrillation (AF). While oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (AVKs) substantially reduces this risk, this requires regular monitoring of the international normalized ratio (INR) in order to achieve therapeutic levels (2,0-3,0). The aim of this study was to evaluate a group at high risk of cerebral infarction, among patients with AF undergoing long-term treatment with VKAs, taking into account the significance of therapeutic INR values. The analysed group consisted of 90 acute ischaemic stroke patients with paroxysmal or chronic “non-valvular” AF, receiving treatment with VKAs. As a result of the study, therapeutic INR values (≥ 2) were seen in thirty-five of these individuals (38,8%), while 55 (61,2%) showed non-therapeutic INR values. Moreover, there were no differences in demographics, vascular risk factors, biochemical and morphological blood parameters, mean CHA2DS2-VASc score and TOAST classification between either of the two groups. Furthermore, no additional factor that would increase their risk of cerebral infarction during the adequate treatment with VKAs was found. However, patients with non-therapeutic INR values had a statistically significantly higher frequency of concomitant moderate pathology of the bicuspid valve, p<0.05. Hence, a lack of proper control of INR can proved to be particularly dangerous for this subgroup of patients. Hence, this is a group with an elevated risk of cerebral infarction and therefore requires special oversight of VKA treatment or NOA treatment.

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A brief analysis of patients suffering from stomach or duodenal ulcers in Almaty hospital №1

, 84:105, 2011. 11. Marshall B.J. and Warren J. R.: The bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2005/press.html (cited: 13.03.2015 10:23). 12. MedlinePlus http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000206.htm (cited: 27.03.2015). 13. Prabhu V. and Shivani A: An overview of history, pathogenesis and treatment of perforated peptic ulcer disease with evaluation of prognostic scoring in adults. Ann. Med. Health Sci. Res

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Bipolar affective disorder: A review of novel forms of therapy

pilot study. Bipolar Disord., 14, 206, 2012. 7. Gao Y. et al.: Memantine reduces mania-like symptoms in animal models. Psychiatry Res., 188, 366, 2011. 8. Ionescu D.F. et al.: A single infusion of ketamine improves depression scores in patients with anxious bipolar depression. Bipolar Disord., 17(4), 438, 2015, doi: 10.1111/bdi.12277. 9. Jahangard L. et al.: In a double-blind, randomized and placebocontrolled trial, adjuvant allopurinol improved symptoms of mania in in-patients suffering from bipolar disorder; Eur

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Is the vignette method used to assess quality of life in practice?

. New York: McGraw-Hill. 5. Farshad M. et al.: (2011). Determining utility values in patients with anterior cruciate ligament tears using clinical scoring systems. BMC Health Serv Res., 4, 11, 2011. doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-11-182. 6. Frederix G.W. et al.: (2013). Utility and work productivity data for economic evaluation of breast cancer therapies in the Netherlands and Sweden. Clin. Ther., 35, 4, 2013:e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j. clinthera.2013.03.009. 7. Giné-Garriga M. et al.: Referral from primary care to a physical activity

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Selected caries diagnostic methods

Universal Visual Scoring System (UniViSS) for caries detection and diagnosis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health., 6, 2500, 2009. 12. Mielczarek A. et al.: Ocena porównawcza wykorzystania fluorescencji różnicowej i systemu ICDAS II w diagnostyce próchnicy badania in vitro. Nowa Stomatol., 4, 103, 2009. 13. Mielczarek A., Kwiatkowska A.: Aktualne koncepcje diagnostyki próchnicy. Stomatol. Wpółcz., 12, 11, 2005. 14. Mirska-Miętek M.: Diagnozowanie zmian próchnicowych na powierzchniach stycznych zębów stałych. Ann. Acad. Med

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Psychological aspects of temporomandibular disorders – literature review

References 1. Akhter R., Benson J., Svensson P., et al.: Experimental jaw muscle pain increases pain scores and jaw movement variability in higher pain catastrophizers. J. Oral Facial Pain Headache, 28, 205, 2014. 2. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition: DSM-IV-TR®. American Psychiatric Association; p.996. 3. Brandini D.A., Benson J., Nicholas M.K., et al.: Chewing in temporomandibular disorder patients: An exploratory study of an

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