Daniel Mon-López, Maria S. Zakynthinaki, Carlos Alberto Cordente and Jorge García-González
There are many factors that affect performance in Olympic shooting. Elite shooters are capable of reaching extreme levels of precision and accuracy. In female air pistol shooting, the best shooters often reach scores as high as the current world record (393/400), or in other words success of 98.2% hitting the ten points score. Considering that the maximum score of a shot (10 points) represents accuracy within a circle of a diameter of 11.5 mm ± 0.1 mm from a shooting distance of 10 meters, failure or important loss in performance due to
players in terms of techniques and tactics has become popular ( Acar et al., 2009 ; Castellano et al., 2012 ; Clemente et al., 2015 ; Moura, et al., 2015 ; Smpokos et al. 2018 ).
Regardless of the popularity associated with the sport, a low number of goals scored during a match is one of the features of modern soccer ( Phukan et al., 2015 ; Kalinowski et al., 2019 ). This trend is striking considering the fact that goal scoring provides the most exciting and fascinating positive experience for soccer fans as well as coaches and analysts. Therefore, it is
José M. Pratas, Anna Volossovitch and Ana I. Carita
In soccer, it has been demonstrated that performance of teams can be influenced by the scoreline ( Lago-Peñas, 2012 ; Gómez et al., 2013). Soccer players perform significantly less high-intensity activity when winning than when losing or when the score is tied ( Lago et al., 2010 ). It was also shown that teams had longer periods of possession in matches when they were losing than when they were winning (Lago-Peñas and Dellal, 2010; Lago-Peñas and Gomez-Lopez, 2014), teams played more in the attack and defensive zones when the score was level
Bessem Mkaouer, Monèm Jemni, Helmi Chaabene, Samiha Amara, Ahmad Njah and Mokhtar Chtara
Six international judges, including two judges for the difficulty scores (D) and four judges for the execution scores (E) evaluated the gymnasts’ technical performance according to the FIG’s code of points (FIG, 2009). Each gymnast was required to perform exactly the same routines in both competitions.
Data are reported as means ± standard deviations and confidence intervals at the 95% level (95% CI). Effect size ( d ) was calculated using GPOWER software “Bonn FRG, Bonn University, Department of Psychology” ( Erdfelder et al., 1996 ). The
Olyvia Donti, Gregory C. Bogdanis, Maria Kritikou, Anastasia Donti and Kalliopi Theodorakou
The relationship between the competition score and physical fitness variables in rhythmic gymnastics has been examined in a number of previous studies ( Bobo-Arce and Mendez-Rial, 2013 ; Hume et al., 1993 ; Rutkauskaite and Skarbalius, 2009 ). Anthropometric variables such as body composition, the arm span and mid-thigh circumference, have been suggested as significant determinants of the rhythmic gymnastics competition score ( Douda et al., 2008 ; Purenovic-Ivanovic and Popovic, 2014 ). Physical fitness variables such as flexibility
Paweł Linek, Edward Saulicz, Andrzej Myśliwiec, Monika Wójtowicz and Tomasz Wolny
evaluating motor control through functional movement and dynamic coordination analysis ( Cook et al., 2006a , b ).
The FMS has also been used as an injury prediction tool in competitive athletes. Recent studies have shown that athletes with an FMS score under 14 were more likely to sustain an injury than their peers who received more than 14 points ( Kiesel et al., 2007 , 2011 ; Chorba et al., 2010 ). Another study has shown that, regardless of the score obtained in the FMS test, asymmetry in movements pointed to a more than 2-fold higher risk of injury ( Kiesel et al
Bate R. Football chance. Tactics and strategy. In: Science and Football V. Eds: Reilly T., Less A, Davies K. and Murphy W. 1988. London: E and FN Spon. 293-301.
Bloomfield JR, Polman RCJ, O'Donoghue PG. Effects of score-line on team strategies in FA Premier League Soccer. J Sports Sci, 2005. 23: 192-193.
Bloomfield JR, Polman, RCJ, O'Donoghue PG. Effects of score-line on intensity of play in midfield and forward players in the FA Premier League. J Sports Sci, 2005. 23
Shirley Chiu Wai Chan, Helen Hoi Lun Tsang, Chak Sing Lau and Ho Yin Chung
-assessment questionnaires–BASDAI, BASFI, and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Global Index (BASGI) (10) –to calculate the Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) (11) . Spinal mobility was measured according to the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI) (12) . Radiographs of cervical and lumbosacral spine were used to determine the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Score (mSASSS) (13) and radiological sacroiliitis based on the Modified New York (MNY) criteria (14) : grade 0, normal; 1, doubtful; 2, obvious; 3, fusion. Bilateral sacroiliitis grade 2
Konstantinos Papanikolaou, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Theodoros Pontidis, Alexandra Avloniti, Chariklia K. Deli, Diamanda Leontsini, Dimitrios Draganidis, Panagiotis D. Tsimeas, Lefteris Rafailakis, Athanasios Z. Jamurtas, Peter Krustrup, Magni Mohr and Ioannis G. Fatouros
al., 2015 ). The speed of the test progresses gradually, and the 2x20-m shuttle runs are followed by an active 5-s recovery phase. It has been stated recently that the Yo-Yo IE2 test scores have a positive correlation with running performance and HR responses in competitive elite male and female soccer players ( Bradley et al., 2011 , 2014) and that the training-induced alterations in soccer-specific endurance capacity of elite male and female players during a competitive season affect performance during the test ( Bradley et al., 2014 ; Heisterberg et al., 2013
Julen Castellano, Pedro Silva, Oidui Usabiaga and Daniel Barreira
player numbers involved in the task by measuring their length per width ratio. Other corroborative examples of a constraints-led approach applied to soccer SSGs can be found in studies that investigated manipulations of numerical relationships ( Silva et al., 2014c ; Travassos et al., 2014 ) as well as the type and number of scoring targets ( Travassos et al., 2014 ). With respect to this latter study, manipulations of the number of scoring targets from 2 to 6 in soccer SSGs elicited an increase in the distance between the teams’ centroids, promoting different spatial