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The Value of the “Lab-Score” Method in Identifying Febrile Infants at Risk for Serious Bacterial Infections

febrile children younger than 3 years old. Acad Emerg Med. 2014;21:171-9. 15. Nijman RG, Vergouwe Y, Thompson M, et al. Clinical prediction model to aid emergency doctors managing febrile children at risk of serious bacterial infections: diagnostic study. BMJ. 2013:346:f1706. 16. Galetto-Lacour A, Zamora SA, Gervaix A. A score identifying serious bacterial infections in children with fever without source. Pediatr Infect Dis. 2008;27:654-6. 17. Galetto-Lacour A, Zamora SA, Andreola B, et al. Validation of a laboratory index score for the identification of severe

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Association Between Severity of Peripheral Artery Disease Angio CT-derived Coronary Syntax Score in Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia

Abstract

Introduction: Peripheral artery disease, a frequent consequence of atherosclerosis, is usually associated with concomitant ischaemic coronary artery disease and with a high rate of cardiovascular mortality.

Material and methods: The study population consisted of 24 patients, admitted to our clinic with peripheral artery disease, 10 of them with critical limb ischaemia. In all cases, cardiovascular risk factors, left ventricular dysfunction and ejection fraction were analyzed. Peripheral Multislice Angio CT examination was used to determine the TASC class and to assess the peripheral arterial lesions. The Coronary Calcium Score and the Syntax Score were determined with angio CT of the coronary arteries.

Results: Patients were between 39 and 84 years of age, and 54% were in Fontaine class 2B, 21% in Fontaine class 3 and 25% in Fontaine class 4. 12.5% of patients presented TASC class A, 33.3% TASC class B, and 54.2% TASC class C. Coronary Calcium Scores were between 0 and 100 in 16.6% of patients, between 100 and 400 in 41.8%, and >400 in 41.6% of patients. The SYNTAX Score was <22 in 54% of patients, between 22 and 32 in 37.5%, and >32 in 8.5% of patients. A significant correlation was found between the Coronary Calcium Score and the SYNTAX Score (r = 0.82, p = 0.03). The Syntax Score was 22.43 ± 3.2 in TASC A patients, 26.2 ± 5.4 in TASC B patients, 32.1 ± 2.3 in TASC C patients (p = 0.005).

Conclusions: The severity of coronary artery disease characterized by the Syntax Score, by the presence of left main stenosis and segmental left ventricular hypokinesis presents significant correlation with the severity of peripheral artery disease, characterized by the TASC classification.

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Endoscopic and histological staging: Deciding factors in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis

D., Wormald P.J. - Chronic rhinosinusitis assessment using the Adelaide Disease Severity Score. J Laryngol Otol., 2013;127(Suppl 2):S24-8. 3. Rizk H.G., Ferguson B.J. - Categorizing Nasal Polyps by Severity and Controller Therapy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 2012;138(9):846-53. 4. Lund V.J., Mackay I.S. - Staging in rhinosinusitis. Rhinology, 1993;107:183-4. 5. Moghadasi H., et al. - Association bBetween Clinical Symptoms and CT Findings in Chronic Rhinosinusitis. Iran J Radiol., 2008

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Characteristics of Coronary Lesions in Small Vessel Disease Treated with Elective Stenting in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

C, Callister TQ, Browner WS. What does my patient's coronary artery calcium score mean? Combining information from the coronary artery calcium score with information from conventional risk factors to estimate coronary heart disease risk. BMC Med . 2004;2:31. 11. Moses JW1, Leon MB, Popma JJ et al. Sirolimus-Eluting Stents versus Standard Stents in Patients with Stenosis in a Native Coronary Artery. N Engl J Med . 2003;349(14):1315-23. 12. Wiebe J, Nef HM, Hamm CW. Current status of bioresorbable scaffolds in the treatment of coronary artery disease

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Outcomes in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Surgery

ligament injuries. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1985;(198):43-49. 4. Mitsou A, Vallianatos P, Piskopakis N, et al. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by over-the-top repair combined with popliteus tendon plasty. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1990;72:398-404. 5. Roos EM, Roos HP, Lohmander LS, Ekdahl C, Beynnon BD. Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) - development of a selfadministered outcome measure. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1998;28:88-96. 6. Irrgang JJ, Anderson AF, Boland AL, et al. Development and validation

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Can APACHE II, SOFA, ISS, and RTS Severity Scores be Used to Predict Septic Complications in Multiple Trauma Patients?

predictor of sepsis and outcome in severe trauma patients: a prospective study. J Lab Physicians. 2013;5:100-8. 8. Angus DC, Wax RS. Epidemiology of sepsis: an update. Crit Care Med. 2001;29:S109-16. 9. Antonelli M, Moreno R, Vincent JL, et al. Application of SOFA score to trauma patients. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment. Intensive Care Med. 1999;25:389-94. 10. Mica L, Furrer E, Keel M, Trentz O. Predictive ability of the ISS, NISS, and APACHE II score for SIRS and sepsis in polytrauma patients. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg

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The association between the APACHE-II scores and age groups for predicting mortality in an intensive care unit: a retrospective study

Med 2012; 38: 1654-1661. doi: 10.1007/s00134-012-2629-6 4. Sacanella E, Pérez-Castejón JM, Nicolás JM, Masanés F, Navarro M, Castro P, et al. Functional status and quality of life 12 months after discharge from a medical ICU in healthy elderly patients: a prospective observational study. Crit Care 2011; 15: R105. doi: 10.1186/cc10121 5. Leong IY, Tai DY. Is increasing age associated with mortality in the critically ill elderly. Singapore Med J 2002; 43: 33-36 6. Huang Y, Chen J, Zhong S, Yuan J. Role of APACHE-II scoring system in the prediction of

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Correlations Between Severity of Coronary Lesions and Epicardial Fat Volume in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease – a Multislice CT-based Study

Abstract

Background: Epicardial fat has been recently identified as a major player in the development of the atherosclerotic process.

Study aim: The aim of this study was to correlate the epicardial fat volume (EFV), determined by Multisclice CT, and the severity of the coronary lesions, expressed by the Coronary Calcium Score (CCS) and Syntax Score (SxS) in patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD).

Material and methods: One-hundred-twenty-six patients underwent Multisclice 64 CT assessment of coronary lesions and epicardial fat quantification. Calculation of CCS was performed on all the three coronary vessels and was followed by determination of SxS according to guidelines. The patients were divided into 2 groups: Group 1 – patients with CCS >400 (n = 26), and Group 2 — patients with CaS <400 (n = 100).

Results: The mean age of the study population was 65.32 years for Group 1 and 54 years for Group 2 (p <0.0001). However, patients >65 years of age had a high CCS in a more significant extent than younger patients (50% in Group 1 vs. 17% in Group 2, p = 0.0115). Female gender was recorded in 48% of cases in Group 2 and in 19% of cases in Group 1 (p = 0.008). Several factors were identified in a higher extent in the group with high CCS as compared with the group with low CCS, such as the presence of significant stenosis (>50%) of the left anterior descending artery (LAD) (46% vs. 9%, p <0.0001), the presence of multi-vessel coronary disease (50% vs. 5%, p <0.0001) and a high SxS, above 23 (23% vs. 4%, p = 0.006). The epicardial fat volume was 117.81 ± 40.4 ml (95% CI: 97.98–138.2 ml) in Group 2 and 89.77 ± 37.7 ml (95% CI: 80.4–101.5 ml) in Group 1 (p = 0.0033).

Conclusions: Epicardial fat volume could represent a new imaging-derived biomarker, useful for classification of the severity of coronary artery disease, increased values of EFV being associated with other biomarkers of disease severity, such as calcium score.

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Have Severity Scores a Place in Predicting Septic Complications in ICU Multiple Trauma Patients?

patients who developed ventilator-associated pneumonia. Annals of Thoracic Medicine. 2015;10:137-42. 4. Antonelli M, Moreno R, Vincent JL, Sprung CL, Mendoça A, Passariello M, et al. Application of SOFA score to trauma patients. Sequential Organ Failure Assessment. Intensive Care Med. 1999;25:389-94. 5. Mica L, Furrer E, Keel M, Trentz O. Predictive ability of the ISS, NISS, and APACHE II score for SIRS and sepsis in polytrauma patients. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2012;38:665-71 6. Agarwal A, Agrawal A, Maheshwari R

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The epidemiology and influence of osteoarthritis on clinical, laboratory and ultrasound parameters of patients with early rheumatoid arthritis

, Bonilla G, Uson J, Carmona L, Laffon A. Ultrasonographic assessment of inflammatory activity in rheumatoid arthritis: comparison of extended versus reduced joint evaluation. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2005; 23:881-4. 15. Fransen J, van Riel PLCM. The Disease Activity Score and the EULAR response criteria. Rheum Dis Clin North Am. 2009; 35:745-57, vii-viii. 16. Wells G, Becker J-C, Teng J, Dougados M, Schiff M, Smolen J et al. Validation of the 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28) and European League Against Rheumatism response criteria based on C

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